Clues given in a passage as to the meaning of the word.
A dictionary listing of a word giving its meaning
The main part of a word; also called a base word
One or more letters added to the beginning of a root word that changes the word’s meaning.
One or more letters added to the end of a root word that changes the word’s meaning.
The shortening of a word or word group by omitting letters and replacing them with an apostrophe
Explanatory aids in nonfiction text including the title, headings and subheadings, graphs/charts, pictures/illustrations, captions, sidebars, boldface and italicized words that aid in the understanding of the text.
A listing by page number of the main topics of a book, usually found in the front of the book
Word that is darker type than the words around it, used to help signal that the word is more important than the text around it
Words that are in a slanted type to indicate that a word, phrase, or sentence is important
An alphabetical listing of key words from a book and their definitions with page numbers where the word appears
A list, found in the back of a book, giving the location of every important idea, term, definition, person, and place mentioned in the text
A sentence or phrase written under a picture to tell about or explain the picture
The title of a passage or text which announces the topic to be covered, generally printed in bold type for emphasis
Headings within a text passage which indicate the topic to be covered, narrower than the focus in the heading
The sentence that expresses the main idea of a paragraph
A conclusion drawn from combining information read with information from experience or assumed
Making a decision or voicing an opinion based on reasoning or inferring
The patterns or arrangement of ideas in a text passage
A text structure in which one event or action follows another
A text structure which identifies and describes a problem and then offers one or more possible solutions
A text structure that explains why things happen
A text structure which explains the similarities and/or differences of two or more things, ideas, traits, etc.
A text structure using sensory details to create an image in words
An examination of how two or more things are similar or alike
An examination of how two or more things are different
Words in sentences or paragraphs that help show how ideas or paragraphs are organized or structured