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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Dr. Francine Berman Director, San Diego Supercomputer Center Professor and High.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Dr. Francine Berman Director, San Diego Supercomputer Center Professor and High."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Dr. Francine Berman Director, San Diego Supercomputer Center Professor and High Performance Computing Endowed Chair, UC San Diego Cyberinfrastructure and California

2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD The Digital World Commerce Entertainment Information Science

3 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Todays Technology is a Team Sport Todays computer is a coordinated set of hardware, software, data, and services providing an end-to- end resource. network DATA computer storage field instrument network computer DATA network computer viz computer sensors Field instrument DATA wireless The computer as an integrated set of resources Cyberinfrastructure captures the integrated character of todays IT environment

4 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cyberinfrastructure -- An Integrating Concept Cyberinfrastructure = Resources (computers, data storage, networks, scientific instruments, experts, etc.) + Glue (integrating software, systems, and organizations)

5 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD How does Cyberinfrastructure Work? Cyberinfrastructure-enabled Neurosurgery PROBLEM: Neuro-surgeons seek to remove as much tumor tissue as possible while minimizing removal of healthy brain tissue Brain deforms during surgery Surgeons must align preoperative brain image with intra-operative images to provide surgeons the best opportunity for intra-surgical navigation Radiologists and neurosurgeons at Brigham and Womens Hospital, Harvard Medical School exploring transmission of 30/40 MB brain images (generated during surgery) to SDSC for analysis and alignment Finite element simulation on biomechanical model for volumetric deformation performed at SDSC; output results are sent to BWH where updated images are shown to surgeons Transmission repeated every hour during 6-8 hour surgery. Transmission and output must take on the order of minutes

6 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD SDSC National facility funded by NSF, NIH, DOE, Library of Congress, NARA, etc. Employs nearly 400 researchers, staff and students National Facility and UCSD Organized Research Unit Home to many associated activities including Protein Data Bank Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN) Coordinating Center Geosciences Network (GEON) NEES IT Center, etc. SDSC is a National Cyberinfrastructure Center Grid and Cluster Computing Data- oriented Science and Engineering Networking High Performance computing Data and Knowledge Systems Computational Science and Engineering Community Databases and Data Collections SW tools, workbenches, toolkits

7 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD SDSC Resources Are Available to the Community COMPUTE SYSTEMS DataStar 2,528 Power4+ processors IBM p655 8-way and p way nodes 7 TB total memory Up to 3 GBps I/O to disk TeraGrid Cluster 512 Itanium2 IA-64 processors 1 TB total memory Also way data nodes Blue Gene Data First academic IBM Blue Gene system 2,048 PowerPC processors 128 I/O nodes user_services/ SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY STAFF, SOFTWARE, SERVICES User Services Application/Community Collaborations Education and Training SDSC Synthesis Center Community SW, toolkits, portals, codes DATA ENVIRONMENT 1.4 PB Storage-area Network (SAN) 6 PB StorageTek tape library HPSS and SAM-QFS archival systems DB2, Oracle, MySQL Storage Resource Broker 72-CPU Sun Fire 15K IBM p690s – HPSS, DB2, etc Support for community data collections and databases Data management, mining, analysis, and preservation

8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cyberinfrastructure Can Help Harness Todays Deluge of Data Over the next decade, data will come from everywhere Scientific instruments Experiments Sensors and sensornets New devices (personal digital devices, computer-enabled clothing, cars, …) And be used by everyone Scientists Consumers Educators General public Cyberinfrastructure must support unprecedented diversity, globalization, integration, scale, and use Data from sensors Data from simulations Data from instruments Data from analysis Volunteer Data

9 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD How much Data is there?* Kilo 10 3 Mega 10 6 Giga 10 9 Tera Peta Exa human brain at the micron level = 1 PetaByte 1 novel = 1 MegaByte iPod Shuffle (up to 120 songs) = 512 MegaBytes Printed materials in the Library of Congress = 10 TeraBytes SDSC HPSS tape archive = 6 PetaBytes All worldwide information in one year = 2 ExaBytes 1 Low Resolution Photo = 100 KiloBytes * Rough/average estimates

10 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cybeirnfrastructure and Data: Using Data for Analysis and Simulation

11 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Major Earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault, 1680-present 1906 M M 7.7 How dangerous is the southern San Andreas Fault? The SCEC TeraShake simulation is a result of immense effort from the Geoscience community for over 10 years Focus is on understanding big earthquakes and how they will impact sediment-filled basins. Simulation combines massive amounts of data, high-resolution models, large-scale supercomputer runs TeraShake results provide new information enabling better Estimation of seismic risk Emergency preparation, response and planning Design of next generation of earthquake-resistant structures Such simulations provide potentially immense benefits in saving both many lives and billions in economic losses ? Cyberinfrastructure – enabled Disaster Preparedness

12 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Domain: 600Km x 300km x 80km Mesh Dimension: 3000x1500x400 Spatial resolution = 200m Simulated time = 200s Number of time steps = 20,000 What youre looking at: L.A. experiences strong ground motion from the S->N scenario The N->S rupture generates strong reverberations in the Imperial Valley, ultimately hitting Mexicalli and other northern Mexico cities. Large local peaks in ground motion near Palm Springs, resulting in immense damage.

13 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Making Terashake Work -- Resources Data Storage 47 TB archival tape storage on Sun StorEdge SAM-QFS 47 TB backup on High Performance Storage system HPSS SRB Collection with 1,000,000 files Funding SDSC Cyberinfrastructure resources for TeraShake funded by NSF Southern California Earthquake Center is an NSF-funded geoscience research and development center Computers and Systems 80,000 hours on 240 processors of DataStar 256 GB memory p690 used for testing, p655s used for production run, TG used for porting 30 TB Global Parallel file GPFS Run-time 100 MB/s data transfer from GPFS to SAM-QFS 27,000 hours post-processing for high resolution rendering People 20+ people involved in information technology support 20+ people involved in geoscience modeling and simulation

14 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cyberinfrastructure and Data: Preserving our Scientific and Cultural Heritage

15 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Data Preservation Many Science, Cultural, and Official Collections must be sustained for the foreseeable future Critical collections must be preserved: community reference data collections (e.g. Protein Data Bank) irreplaceable collections (e.g. Shoah collection) longitudinal data (e.g. PSID – Panel Study of Income Dynamics) No plan for preservation often means that data is lost or damaged ….the progress of science and useful arts … depends on the reliable preservation of knowledge and information for generations to come. Preserving Our Digital Heritage, Library of Congress

16 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Key Challenges for Digital Preservation What should we preserve? What materials must be rescued? How to plan for preservation of materials by design? How should we preserve it? Formats Storage media Stewardship – who is responsible? Who should pay for preservation? The content generators? The government? The users? Who should have access? Print media provides easy access for long periods of time but is hard to data-mine Digital media is easier to data-mine but requires management of evolution of media and resource planning over time

17 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Planning Ahead for Preservation Services Policy R&D Ingestion Comprehensive approach to infrastructure for long-term preservation requires the integration of Collection ingestion Access and Services Research and development for new functionality and adaptation to evolving technologies Business model, data policies, and management issues critical to success of the infrastructure Consortium

18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cyberinfrastructure Resources at SDSC

19 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD SDSC Data Central First program of its kind to support research and community data collections and databases Comprehensive resources Disk: 400 TB accessible via HPC systems, Web, SRB, GridFTP Databases: DB2, Oracle, MySQL SRB: Collection management Tape: 6 PB, accessible via file system, HPSS, Web, SRB, GridFTP Data collection and database hosting Batch oriented access Collection management services Collaboration opportunities: Long-term preservation Data technologies and tools New Allocated Data Collections include Bee Behavior (Behavioral Science) C5 Landscape DB (Art) Molecular Recognition Database (Pharmaceutical Sciences) LIDAR (Geoscience) LUSciD (Astronomy) NEXRAD-IOWA (Earth Science) AMANDA (Physics) SIO_Explorer (Oceanography) Tsunami and Landsat Data (Earthquake Engineering) UC Merced Library Japanese Art Collection (Art) Terabridge (Structural Engineering)

20 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD SDSC Cyberinfrastructure Resources Heavily Used by UC faculty and students UC PIs account for 329+ trillion bytes of data stored at SDSC In FY05, over 5 million CPU hours on HPC machines at SDSC were used by UC faculty and students at all campuses UCSD faculty make up 40% of among top users of SDSC compute resources SDSC Academic Associates Program Targets Enabling Cyberinfrastructure Collaborations SDSC/UC Academic Associates Program Cyberinfrastructure and Seeding Activities Targeted workshops Priority SW installation and support Priority participation for Cyberinfrastructure Summer Institute Focused assistance with developing successful proposals for national allocation programs Targeted user services Special UC compute and data allocations Priority for early usage of new national resources

21 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Cyberinfrastructure is Fundamental for California Cyberinfrastructure captures the practice and potential of modern science and engineering Cyberinfrastructure is the focus of increasing number of federal programs NSF (all directorates), NIH (BISTI, Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, etc.), DOE (Science Grid), etc. Cyberinfrastructure is critical for success in modern research and education initiatives Stem cell research Grid computing Multi-disciplinary science and engineering Leadership in Cyberinfrastructure provides a competitive edge to California researchers, educators, practitioners, and business leaders

22 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER Fran Berman UCSD Thank You


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