Igneous rocks are formed by- A) A)heat and pressure on existing rock B) evaporation of water, leaving solids behind C) cooling and hardening of molten rock D) layers of mud on the bottom of a lake C
A Mineral found in the Piedmont province known as fools gold A) Pyrite B) Hematite C) Galena D) Limonite
C Vertebrate that did not live during the time of the dinosaurs( Mesozoic Era) A) B) C) D)
C The largest division on the geologic time scale- A) a year B) an epoch C) an era D) a period
C This planet is often called Earths twin because it is similar in mass and diameter to the Earth- A) Mars B) Mercury C) Venus D) Pluto
B A light-year measures- A) A)brightness B) distance C) radiation D) time
A Saturns volume is 762 times the volume of Earth, and yet its mass is only about 95 times that of Earths mass. This is due to Saturns – A) A)low density C) thousands of rings B) B)temperature D) distance from the sun
A Orbital velocity is the average speed of a planet moving through space in its orbit around the sun. This planet has the fastest orbital velocity. A) Mercury B) Jupiter C) Mars D) Pluto
A Hypothesis: The average relative humidity decreases north and south of the equator. According to the data shown in the graph, the hypothesis is only correct for these latitudes- A) A)Up to 40° from the equator C) Between 20° and 60° from the equator B) B)From the poles to 40° from the equator D) Farthest from the equator
C The topographic map that may show a hill with a volcanic crater-
D About how long is the Red Sea? A) 40 km B) 300 km C) 1200 km D) 2100 km
C Pictured above is a shoebox with rows of holes in the top, large enough for straws to fit through. By placing straws through the holes, students have to determine the shape of an unseen object in the box. This activity simulates the technology used to map the seafloor. Name this technology. A) Laser beam B) Doppler radar C) Sonar D) Seismology
C Land breezes and sea breezes are created by the differences in- A) A)the Earths tilt on its axis B) B)solar radiation reaching the Earths surface C) C)the heat capacity between water and land D) D)the living organisms occurring in the land and sea
A During droughts, lack of rain can lead to wells drying up. This is because the drought has lowered the – A) A)water table B) B)water trough C) zone of aeration A) A)zone of porosity
When placed in water, ice rises to the top of the liquid. Unlike most solids that sink when placed in their liquids forms, ice floats because- A) it is colder than water B) it is less dense than water C) the pressure of the water holds it up D) gases inside the ice make it buoyant D
D Ocean Evaporation Condensation Which of these would come next in the water cycle? A) A)Aeration B) B)Sedimentation C) C)Deposition D) D)Precipitation
B What is the main advantage of using dams to produce electrical energy? A) A)They can be built near most cities. B) B)They do not produce much pollution. C) C)They are inexpensive to build. D) D)They do not damage wildlife homes.
A Even though the Earths inner core is hotter than the liquid outer core, it is solid because- A) A)the pressure from all of Earths layers keeps it in a solid state B) B)the heat rising from the inner core is melting the outer core C) C)the outer core is farther from the center, and there is less gravity holding it together D) D)there is more water in the outer core and it dilutes the materials
B The best evidence that the Earths crust has undergone some major changes is- A) A)the location of major rivers B) B)the presence of marine fossils in mountain rock C) C)the amount of available water on Earth D) D)the arrival of the vernal equinox
A In karst regions, caves are carved by the flow of water through limestone bedrock. Stalagmites and stalactites develop in caves by- A) they are carbonate deposits formed by dripping water in air-filled cavities B) they are granite intrusions that remain behind after water dissolves the surrounding limestone C) they are crystals that grow as water hollows out the cavern D) they are carvings made in limestone by the swirling water as it hollows out the cavern
Double Jeopardy WeatherGeology Oceanography & GroundwaterAstronomy Pot Luck
On weather maps, there are lines with tiny triangles on one side. This represents- A) A)cold air moving opposite the direction the triangles point B) B)cold air moving in the direction the triangles point C) C)warm air moving in the direction the triangles point D) D)warm air moving opposite the direction the triangles point B
C Which diagram correctly shows wind motion between pressure areas? L H B A C D
D The graph on the left shows snow because the temperatures are below freezing all the way to the ground; the graph on the right shows_____ hitting the ground A) rain B) snow C) mist D) freezing rain
B If you live in an area that has a latitude of 37°N, you can generally expect your weather to come from the - A) east B) west C) north D) south
B The edges of moving crustal plates are often defined by- A) A)ocean basins B) B)frequent seismic activity C) C)intercontinental plains D) D)earths largest rivers
A Which layer of the soil profile below would be affected the most by weathering and erosion? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4
A The point from which an earthquake originates is called the- A) focus B) epicenter C) fault line D) shock wave
C According to the graph, a piece of timber containing one-eighth of the amount of carbon-14 that was found in the living tree died about _______years ago A) A)5,700 B) 11,400 C) 17,100 D) 22,800
D The first stage in the life cycle of a star- A) black hole B) dwarf star C) main-sequence star D) stellar nebula
C Layer of the sun that is the most dense A) Chromosphere B) Photosphere C) Core D) Corona
D Which of these causes days and nights? A) A)The revolution of the moon around the Earth B) B)The orbit of the Earth around the sun C) C)The rotation of the moon on its axis D) D) The rotation of the Earth on its axis
B Which of these facts is the best supporting evidence that the universe is expanding? A) A)The stars vary in chemical composition B) B)The galaxies are moving away from each other C) C)The galaxies can spin to form eddies D) D)The universe is filled with galaxies different sizes
A All the following features of the ocean indicate tectonic activity except- A) abyssal plains B) mid-ocean ridges C) seamounts D) trenches
D The picture below shows that one of the main pollution problems associated with sinkholes is- A) A)they can destroy roadways B) B)tractors can fall into them C) C)homes can be damaged by them D) D)they can connect directly to the water table
A Why is the surface temperature of the oceans more variable than the water near the ocean floor? A) A)Most energy is exchanged at the surface. B) B)Most animals live near the surface. C) C)The water is less dense at the surface. D) D)The salt concentration is more variable at the surface.
A What does the diagram illustrate about turbidity currents? A) A)They move along the bottom. B) B)They stop moving as soon as they reach the ocean floor. C) C)They are temperature-dependent. D) D)They only occur in salt water.
A The ozone layer protects life on Earth from- A) ultraviolet rays B) gamma rays C) infrared rays D) x-rays
C Why is the term Pangaea important in Earth Science? A) A)It is the name of an extinct volcano. B) B)It is the French word for volcano. C) C)It is the name of an ancient supercontinent. D) D)It is a huge disruption of the Earths atmospheric circulation.
C Which of these energy sources originates from a nonrenewable resource? A) Solar B) Geothermal C) Fossil fuel D) Hydroelectric
D Which conclusions can be made based on the information in the chart? A) A)Quartz is harder than topaz. B) B)Calcite is harder than apatite. C) C)Fluorite is harder than feldspar. D) D)Gypsum is harder than talc.
Which of these tracks was made last? D
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