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Bacteria: Classification and Structure. What are the 6 Kingdoms? Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protists Fungi Plants Animals.

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Presentation on theme: "Bacteria: Classification and Structure. What are the 6 Kingdoms? Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protists Fungi Plants Animals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bacteria: Classification and Structure

2 What are the 6 Kingdoms? Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protists Fungi Plants Animals

3 We are looking at the first two Archaebacteria Eubacteria

4 Classification of Bacteria Archaebacteria: extremists Eubacteria: –Heterotrophs –Photosynthetic autotrophs –Chemosynthetic autotrophs

5 Archaebacteria Live in extreme locations: –Oxygen-free environments –Concentrated salt-water –Hot, acidic water

6 Eubacteria - Heterotrophs Found everywhere Parasites: live off of other organisms Saprobes: live off of dead organisms or waste (recyclers)

7 Eubacteria: Photosynthetic Autotrophs Photosynthetic: make their own food from light Cyanobacteria: blue-green, yellow, or red ponds, streams, moist areas

8 Eubacteria: Chemosynthetic Autotrophs Get energy by breaking down inorganic substances like sulfur and nitrogen Make nitrogen in the air usable for plantsMake nitrogen in the air usable for plants {Very Important}

9 Structure of Bacteria Two parts to Bacteria Structure: –Arrangement –Shape

10 Arrangement Paired: diplo Grape-like clusters: staphylo Chains: strepto

11 Shape Rod: bacillus Spheres: coccus Spirals: spirillum

12 Examples Streptococcus: chains of spheres Staphylospirillum: Grapelike clusters of spirals Streptobacillus: Chains of rods


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