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Anatomical Position & Directional Terms
Anatomic Position Body erect Arms to side Palms forward Head & neck forward
Directional Terms #1 Anterior/Ventral Posterior/Dorsal Medial/Lateral Internal/External Proximal/Distal Superior/Inferior Cranial/Caudal
Directional Terms Flexion/Extension Afferent/Efferent Adduction/Abduction Eversion/Inversion Pronation/Supination Deep/Superficial Plantar/Palmar
Body Planes Sagittal Medial/Mid-sagittal Coronal/Frontal Transverse
Body Cavities Ventral Thoracic Abdominopelvic Dorsal Cranial Spinal
Body Regions Head Neck Thorax Abdominal Posterior Trunk Extremities
Head Regions #1 Parietal Frontal Occipital Temporal Auricular Buccal Orbital
Head Regions #2 Mastoid Nasal Mental Submental Maxillary Mandibular Zygomatic
Neck Regions Larynx Trachea Cervical
Thorax Axillary Clavicular Sternal Mammary Costal Scapular Pectoral Deltoid
Abdominal Regions Hypochondriac Epigastric Umbilical Hypogastric Inguinal/Iliac
Abdominal Quadrants LUQ RUQ LLQ RLQ
Posterior Trunk Regions Nuchal Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccyx Gluteal
Extremities #1 Brachial Antecubital Olecranon Carpal Phalanges Manual Pollex
Extremities #2 Femoral Patellar Popliteal Tarsal Pedal Calcaneal
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Copyright © Mosby Inc. All Rights Reserved. Slide 0 Chapter 1 Introduction to the Structure and Function of the Body.
The Human Body: An Orientation. Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
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