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Diversity of Modern Life
Kingdom Monera (Monerans) Smallest and simplest lifeforms Unicellular (one-celled) no nucleus Bacteria and cyanobacteria
Bacteria Three basic shapes: round (cocci) rod (bacilli) spiral (spirilli)
Questions What are two characteristics of the organisms in Kingdom Monera? What is meant by unicellular? What are the three shapes of bacteria?
Kingdom Protista(Protists) Single-celled or multicellular more complex than organisms in Kingdom Monera nucleus protozoans (animal-like) algae (plant-like)
Protozoans Kingdom Protista no cell wall or chlorophyll internal digestion no locomotion (some)
Algae Cell walls Chlorophyll Photosynthetic Placed in groups according to color and structure
Questions What are some characteristics of Protists? What are the two types of Protists? How are the two types of Protists different?
Kingdom Fungi Multicellular; complex cell walls, no chlorophyll Threadlike fungi (bread mold) club fungi (mushrooms) sac fungi (yeast and mildew)
Questions What are some characteristics of Fungi? What are the three groups of fungi?
Kingdom Plantae Multicellular, cell walls, and chlorophyll Largest and longest-living things on Earth Vascular or Nonvascular
Nonvascular Plants CANNOT conduct water Example: Moss Moist environment
Vascular Plants CAN conduct water Capable of living in drier areas Club mosses, Ferns, Horsetails, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms
Gymnosperms Seed plant name means naked seed Most are conifers
Angiosperms -Flowering Plants Seed plant name means covered seed Seeds are produced inside ovaries A ripened ovary is a fruit largest/most diverse plants
Questions What is the major difference between a gymnosperm and an angiosperm? What are three plant characteristics? How are vascular and non vascular plants different?
Sponges (invertebrate) Simplest of the animal groups lives in salt water attached to the bottom Hollow central cavity Two layers of body cells with tiny pores
Coelenterates (invertebrate) Jellyfish, hydras, and corals two cell layers Live in water hollow body with a single opening
Questions What are three similarities between coelenterates and sponges?
Flatworms (invertebrate) Flattened body; mostly parasitic one body opening two eyespots (light detection) Turbellarians (free-living) Planarians (freshwater Turbellarians)
Roundworms (invertebrate) Rounded shaped two body openings (eating and waste expulsion) mostly free-living Ex: Nematodes and hookworms
Segmented Worms (invertebrate) Rounded, segmented bodies two body openings has five hearts and a brain Ex: leeches and marine tube worms
Questions In what major way are the three types of worms different? How are the segmented worms MOST similar to the roundworms?
Mollusks (invertebrate) Soft-bodies, no shell: (octopus/squid) well-developed organs some with shells: (clams/oysters)
Arthropods (invertebrate) Largest group of animals multiple body segments jointed appendages (legs/arms) exoskeleton (hard outer covering)
Arthropods (continued) Well-developed organs insects, lobsters, crabs, and spiders
Echinoderms (invertebrate) Spiny skinned animals star fish (sea stars), sand dollars, sea cucumbers flexible arms; tube feet known for regeneration (ability to grow new body parts)
Questions What is the major similarity between mollusks, echinoderms, and arthropods? Which group of organisms are known for regeneration? What is regeneration?
Questions What is the largest group of animals? Describe an invertebrate. An octopus and a clam belong to what group of invertebrates? How is an endoskelton different from an exoskeleton?
Vertebrates Have backbones body with a head and most have appendages endoskeleton (internal skeleton for support/protection)
Vertebrates (continued) Endotherm (warm- blooded); these organisms can control their body temperature from within despite changes in the environment
Vertebrates (continued) Ectotherm (cold-blooded); body temperature changes with the environment
Questions What is the difference between an ectotherm and an endotherm? How is a vertebrate different from an invertebrate?
Jawless fishes Ex: Sea lamprey mouth is used for sucking fluids; no appendages (fins) flexible skeleton made of cartilage ectotherms
Cartilaginous Fishes Two pairs of fins; gills ectotherms strong teeth (sharks) SKELETON MADE OF CARTILAGE stingrays, skates, sharks
Bony fishes Flounder, eels, trout, and others SKELETON MADE OF BONE gills streamlined bodies (narrow shape) most numerous group of fish
Questions How are the cartilaginous fishes mainly different from the bony fishes? What do the other fishes have that the jawless fishes do not have?
Amphibians Frogs, toads, salamanders part of their life is spent on land and part of life is spent in the water; (ectotherms) smooth, moist skin gills when they are young and have lungs as adults
Reptiles Adapted to live on land (terrestrial) breathe with lungs body covered with plates or scales ectotherms
Reptiles Dinosaurs Turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, and alligators lay eggs in a leathery shell
Birds Bodies adapted for flight (light, bones, feathers, and wings) Scaly legs and feet lay eggs in a hard shell endotherms
Mammals Advanced nervous system; highly developed brain Endotherms Hairy bodies can occupy several habitats give birth to live young; produce milk mammary glands
Questions Which animals spend part of their life on and part of it in the water? What type of animals have scales or or hard plates?
Questions Which two groups of animals are warm-blooded? What is the difference between the eggs of reptiles and birds?
Kingdoms of Modern Life Kingdom Monera (“Monerans”) Smallest and simplest lifeforms Unicellular (one-celled) no nucleus Bacteria and cyanobacteria.
5 Kingdoms Kingdom Monera (“Monerans”) Smallest and simplest lifeforms Unicellular (one-celled) no nucleus Bacteria and cyanobacteria.
What are the 6 Kingdoms? Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protists Fungi Plants Animals.
Some eat plants, some eat animals, and some eat both. Herbivores, Carnivores, Omnivores Digest their own food Move from place to place to find.
Vertebrates & Invertebrates SC standards: Compare the characteristic structures of invertebrate animals (including sponges, segmented worms, echinoderms,
Kingdom Animalia Coach Sykora Biology -- Midway High School.
Animal Charactertistics. It is essential to know that the Animal Kingdom is divided into 35 different phyla. These phyla can be classified into two groups.
Animal Kingdom Overview. What Makes It An Animal? Eukaryotic – has a nucleus Multicellular Specialized cells that form tissue and organs. No cell walls.
The Kingdom Animalia Compare and contrast the parts of animals. Observe and describe developmental patterns in selected animals.
PARTII: COMPLEX ANIMALS CHAPTER 8. INVERTEBRATES 1.Phylum: Sponges 2.Phylum: Stinging cell 3.Phylum: Flatworm 4.Phylum: Roundworm 5.Phylum: Segmented.
Invertebrates & Vertebrates. InvertebratesVertebrates Multi-Cellular (many cells) Heterotrophs Obtain food & oxygen Keep internal conditions in balance.
THE ANIMAL KINGDOM. The animal kingdom can be divided into 9 smaller groups. Each group is called a phylum.
Kingdom Animalia Invertebrates. Cell Type/ Description Multicellular Nucleus Cell Organelles.
Animal Scavenger Hunt. Sponges and Cnidarians Invertebrates Sponge is covered with pores Cnidarians have stinging cells.
Objectives Know the main characteristics of animals Know the difference between invertebrate and vertebrates Know examples and characteristics of the.
CLASSIFYING LIVING ORGANISMS I.History of Classification II.Classification system III.Vertebrates/Invertebrates IV.5 Kingdoms.
Classification Kingdoms and Classes Objective: Classification is sorting out all organisms into groups according to the similarities between them. Organisms.
Take II. 3 Domains Highest level of organization Bacteria: prokaryotes Archaea: Live in extreme environments Eukarya: Protists, fungi, animals & plants.
Classification of Animals Animals With Backbones MAMMAL FISH REPTILE BIRD AMPHIBIAN.
Animal Notes Chapter 25 Notes. Animal notes outline I. Characteristics A. Multicellular eukaryotes B. Movement C. No cell walls D. Heterotroph E. Organ.
Vertebrates and andInvertebrates The Animal Kingdom: Vertebrates and andInvertebrates By: Sharon Kallaji and Heather Milewski Heather Milewski.
LS.4. The Six Kingdoms There are three major domains of living organisms. Prokaryotes are those unicellular organisms that do not have a nucleus.
Kingdom Animalia Mrs. Geist Biology, Fall Swansboro High School.
adapted from lley/htdocs/Classification%20of%20 Animals.ppt Classification of Animals.
CLASSIFY ME!. What Kingdom do I belong to? I am a heterotroph. My cells have cell walls made of chitin. I am eukaryotic. Some of my fellow kingdom relatives.
Diversity of Organisms and Classification Classification of Organisms Kingdom Phylum / Division Class Order Family Genus Species.
Classification T. Thomas 2014 – What is Classifica tion ? 1. What is classification? - process of grouping similar things together. 2. Why do scientists.
Over time people have discovered more than one and one-half million species of animals.
Living and Changing I can list features that can be used to classify the five groups of living beings.
The Animal Kingdom What is an animal? Heterotrophic, multicellular eukaryotes No cell walls 2 types of tissue that are only found in animals: nervous.
Diversity of Living Things. The Big Picture of Kingdoms WE are looking at the Specifics of each Kingdom this week! BACTERIA & ARCHAEA PROTISTS PROTISTS.
Questions – Monera What are two characteristics of the organisms in Kingdom Monera? What is meant by unicellular? What are the three shapes of bacteria?
Characteristics of Vertebrates. Group 1: FISH Facts: – Fish are the largest class of vertebrates – There are three classes of fish: Jawless- boneless.
Insects Crayfish Chapter #8. Chapter 8.1 Notes Jointed-leg animal is an invertebrate with an exoskeleton, bilateral symmetry, and jointed appendages.
Animals Bellwork If you could be a different type of animal for a day, what would it be? Why?
Vertebrate and Invertebrates 4.L.1.2. Students are able to differentiate between vertebrates and invertebrates, and classify the five groups of vertebrates.
Classifying Organisms. How do scientists classify organisms?
Unit 14 - Animals. Animal Traits Eukaryotes (complex cells with nuclei) Heterotrophs (do not make their own food) Multicellular Motile (can move) Sexual.
Animal Classification Vocabulary. Amphibian a cold-blooded vertebrate that breathes with gills when young and with lungs as an adult; must return to the.
ANIMALS WHAT IS AN ANIMAL? ANIMALS ARE MANY CELLED ORGANISMS THAT MUST OBTAIN THEIR FOOD BY EATING OTHER ORGANISMS. NEED WATER, FOOD, AND OXYGEN TO SURVIVE.
Animals Presentation This is an overview of the major Animal groups. It includes some major vocabulary. You will be assigned one group to research further.
Classifying Animals Part 2 Vertebrates Compare the characteristic structures of invertebrate animals (including sponges, segmented worms, echinoderms,
Chapter 1 Classifying Organisms. How are living things classified? To classify means to put things into groups. Why do scientists put plants and animals.
Overview of Animals. Animals are… Eukaryotes Multicellular Consumers.
CLASSIFYING ORGANISMS Ch. 1. Vocabulary Classify- to put things into groups Kingdom- the highest or most general group of organisms Phylum- the second.
Journal: Try to put the following animals in at least 3 categories. Giraffe star fish preying mantis Cat fish beaver dog Frog snake lizard Toad mocking.
Ms. Askew – 5 th Grade Science. AN ANIMAL WITH A BACKBONE EXAMPLES: FISH, AMPHIBIAN, REPTILE, BIRD, MAMMAL Vertebrate.
Animals – Unit 1 Living Things Called Animals. Content Learning Goals Students will be able to explain why some living things are considered “animals”
Classification of Animals adapted from Body Symmetry.
Animals A Survey Chapters General Animal Characteristics 1 million + species of animals have been discovered 1. All animals are multicellular 2.
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