Presentation on theme: "Living Systems Bacteria and Protists Dr. Marjorie Anne Wallace,"— Presentation transcript:
1Living Systems Bacteria and Protists Dr. Marjorie Anne Wallace, Elementary Science Resource Teacher
2All living things are made up of cells. Bacteria cellsPlant cellsAnimal cellsFungi cells andProtozoan cells
3Bacteria Cells Single-celled organisms No true nucleus Bacteria cells have:Cytoplasm,a cell wall, anda cell membrane.Some bacteria are harmful while others are helpful.
4Bacteria cells Kingdom Bacteria Bacteria are the smallest and simplest organisms in the worldBacteria can be found everywhere life is.Kingdom Bacteria
5Bacteria cells cheese Bacteria can be helpful 1. Feed on dead matter- =decomposers;2.Make certain foods-cheese, pickles, yogurt,butter, chocolates;3. In our intestines bacteriamake vitaminsand help digest foods.yogurtPickled eggs
6A drawing of a bacteria cell. cytoplasmcell wall &cell membrane*nuclear material
7Question #1: 1 It is easy to identify a bacteria cell under the microscope because it doesn’t have-A cell membraneB cell wallC cytoplasmD nuclear membrane
8Answer to question #1.You got it! DBacteria do not have a true nucleus so they don’t have a nuclear membrane.
9Protozoan cells These organisms are single celled Some are consumers, Some are producers,Some eat food AND needsun light for photosynthesis.Can you name a few protozoa?
10Kingdom Protista Amoeba Single celled organisms. Cell membrane is on the outside to protect the cell and help matter move in and out of the cell.Cytoplasm is the clear jelly like matter that protects the inside cell parts.nucleusCellmembranecytoplasm
11Kingdom Protists Some Protozoan cells have several nuclei. Large Nucleus &nucleolusSome Protozoan cells have several nuclei.The Nucleus is the control center of the cell. This organelle tells the cell what to do.These microorganisms live in moist environments.micronucleusParamecium
12The World of Protists Protists live in lakes, rivers, oceans, and damp soil.Most protists are single-celled and contain a nucleus and other cell structures needed to carry out their basic life functions.Some protists are multicellular and have more than one cell.Animal-like protists are called protozoans.Amoebas, paramecium, and Euglena.
13The World of ProtistsPlant-like protists can produce their own food by using the Sun’s energy.Plant-like protists have chlorophyll,a green pigment.Euglena are animal-like & plant-like.Euglenaeyespotnucleuschloroplast
14Question #2Inside of a cell, many materials and organelles are suspended and protected by this gelatin like substance-F cell wallG cell membraneH cytoplasmJ chloroplasts
15Answer #2You did it again! HYes, cytoplasm is the gelatin like or clear jello like substance that protects and suspends all the internal cell organelles.