Presentation on theme: "Find Your Balance Between Food & Physical Activity."— Presentation transcript:
Find Your Balance Between Food & Physical Activity
1.Why would todays teen not be physically active? 2.What are some consequences for not being physically active? 3.What are some of the benefits of physical activity? 4.What are some simple choices you can make to add physical activity into your daily routine?
Why is this a myth? Eating a candy bar before a workout provide energy. A high protein diet is the way to go to lose weight and build muscle at the same time An athlete needs sports drinks to stay hydrated. Using a supplement will give me the edge I need to beat my competition
Types of workouts Aerobics- one uses large muscle groups repetitively for a sustained amount of time. Types: dance, bicycling, rowing machine, in-line skating, fitness walking, jumping rope, running, stair climbing and swimming. Anaerobic - high intensity workouts that are performed for a short time Such as jumping, weightlifting, stress training workouts and sprinting.
Benefits of physical activity Build lean muscleDecrease body fat Build strong bonesHelp mange weight Improve moodImprove endurance Improve musclur strengthBuild positive self-esteem Decrease blood pressureIncrease flexibility Social aspectsMore energetic Relieve tension and stressHelp to sleep better Reduce risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease Reduce the risk of dying prematurely Lower cholesterolAdd excitement and fun to life
Make activity part of your day! Park far away and walk to offices or stores Replace breaks at work with short walks Mow the lawn with a push mower Wash the car by hand Play with the kids and pets outside Take the stairs
Start a Routine Join a walking group Participate on an office or community softball or bowling team Take part in community recreation center activities Take yoga, golf or karate lessons Try out for a team Place a club sport Find something you enjoy!!
Healthy Nutrition Definition of Calories: –A measure of energy in food & in our body. –3,500 calories=1lb Definition of Nutrients: –Are substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
Metabolism Factors That Affect Metabolism- –There are many different things that can cause the metabolism to speed up or slow down. –1. Age- as one gets older metabolism slows down. –2. Body type- those with more lean muscle mass have a higher metabolism. –3. Fasting or starvation- lowers the metabolism. –4. Exercise- the more physical activity you do the higher your metabolism is. – small meals a day- increases your metabolism.
Moderate Activities and Calories Burned In 1 hourIn 30 minutes Hiking Light Yard Work Dancing Golf (walking with clubs) Bicycling (less than 10mph) Walking (3 ½ mph) Light Weight Training Stretching18090
Vigorous Activities and Calories Burned In 1 hourIn 30 minutes Running (5mph) Bicycling (more than 10mph) Swimming Freestyle Laps Aerobics Walking (4 ½ mph) Heavy Yard Work Vigorous Weight Lifting Basketball440220
Why do I need the nutrient? Carbohydrate – Quick, easy to use fuel – Battery to get body started Fat – Endurance to keep you moving – Gas in your tank Protein – Can use them in a pinch for power – Building and maintain muscles Vitamins and Minerals – To release energy from carbohydrates, fat, protein – Spark plug
Water A normal healthy individual should drink at least 64 oz of water a day. – 8 glases Individuals that are involved in strenuous physical activity, Should drink at least oz of water each day. – (24-36oz of that coming from Gatorade, PowerAde, sport drinks etc.) 2 hours BEFORE ActivityDrink at least 2 cups of Water DURING ActivityDrink ½ cup every 20 minutes AFTER ActivityDrink 2 cups for each pound of body weight lost.
Heat Exhaustion – Weakness – Dizziness – Rapid, but weak pulse – Low temperature – Clammy skin – Reduced sweating Heat Stroke – Weak – Confused – Stop sweating – Headache – Numbness or tingling – Can lead to convulsions, coma, or even death
PEPPERONI PIZZA How many calories are in two medium slices of today s pizza? 422 calories
How far do you have to run to burn 400 calories? calories ?* *Based on 160-pound person Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out 2 MILES
How many calories in a workout ools/l/blcalorieburn.htm
What is 200 Calories? calories-look-like.htm calories-look-like.htm
Calorie Counter Chocolate chip cookieApple Calories=72 Total Fat 0.2 Calories=78 Total fat= 4.5 grams Daily Values Do you each just one cookie???
Determining Your Healthy Weight Range Body Mass Index- (BMI) - is a ratio that compare your body size in relation to our height and weight. 1.Multiply weight in pounds by Divide by height in inches 3.Divide again by height in inches 20-25Normal 26-30Experts may say to lose weight 31+Medically obese
BMI Chart for Boys
BMI Chart for Girls
Body Fat % Chart - Body Composition- is the ratio of body fat to lean muscle tissue you have on your body. Classification Female % Fat Male % Fat Essential Fat (anything lower may cause health problems) 10-12%2-4% Very Low 14-20%6-13% Normal21-24%14-17% Average25-31%18-25% Obese (May Cause Health Problems) 32% and over 25% and over
Healthy Weight Gain Strategies 1. Increase your calorie intake- choose foods high in complex carbohydrates, such as breads, pasta, and potatoes. Also include foods high in protein, such as chicken, turkey, fish, beef and eggs. 2. Eat often and take second helpings- choose more than the minimum number of serving from each food group in the food guide pyramid. 3. Eat nutritious snacks- snack two to three hours before meals to avoid spoiling your appetite. 4. Build Muscle- Strength Train.
Healthy Weight/Body Fat Loss Strategies 1. Get at least min of physical activity each day. 2. Strength Train (the more muscle you have the more fat you burn) 3. Eat 5-6 balanced meals (including snacks) 4. Drink Plenty of Water (64 oz/ 8 glasses a day) 5. Eat a variety of low-calorie, nutrient dense foods (whole grain products, vegetables and fruits). 6. Stay away from the Pop, Candy, Chips and Fast Food!!!
Pregame Meal 1 hour or less before competition fresh fruit such as apples, watermelon, peaches, grapes, or oranges and/or Energy gels up to 1 1/2 cups of a sports drink. 3 to 4 hours before competition fresh fruit bread, bagels pasta with tomato sauce baked potatoes energy bar cereal with milk yogurt toast/bread with a bit of peanut butter, lean meat, or cheese water 2 to 3 hours before competition fresh fruits bread, bagels, pasta yogurt water