Presentation on theme: "Teaching About the Middle East"— Presentation transcript:
1Teaching About the Middle East Monica M. EraqiArab-American National Museum
2The Middle East & Arabs in the Curriculum According to Marx (2002), “by the year 2050, the United States will become a nation of minorities, with less than half of the population being non-Hispanic White (as cited in Gardiner & Enomoto, 2006).Orfield (2001) argues that at present, more than half of the students attending urban schools are members of minority groups (as cited in Gardiner & Enomoto, 2006).Middle Eastern & Muslim Americans have largely been ignored from the curriculum and from research.
3Common Core & Middle School 6th Grade – Eastern Hemisphere7th Grade – Western Hemisphere8th Grade – U.S. History (up to Civil War)Common Core:Broad rather than specific (Literacy & writing, thinking skills, Position & Defense)Not more work – emphasizes what teachers already doTeaching reading and writing about issues that connect to today.Examples of Common Core & GLCEs6 – H1.1.1 Explain why and how historians use eras and periods as constructs to organize and explain human activities over time.6 – H1.4.1 Describe and use cultural institutions to study an era and a region (political, economic, religion/belief, science/technology, written language, education, family).7 – H1.2.6 Identify the role of the individual in history and the significance of one person’s ideas.
4Common Core & Middle School Reading:Textual (meant to eliminate scaffolding, emphasize higher text, above comfort level)How to assess perspectives, biases and dwell over difficult readings for information.WritingNot opinion, but POSITIONSupporting with factual informationInformative writing
5Common Mistakes Ignoring Middle Easter/Islamic studies Dismissed as unimportantTeachers lack training and resourcesTeachers not confident in teaching controversial issuesUsing videos & other instructional materials that are not sourcedUsing materials out of context or without historical background that emphasize Middle Eastern or Islamic stereotypesKite RunnerBringing in Servicemen who have served in the Middle East
6Implementing Arab-Islamic Studies Social Studies/EnglishIslam5 Pillars (History Channel: Inside Islam)Political Islam (Project)Arabs & CultureDiversity DayFoods, Dress, Music, Dance, Sports (YouTube, Community Resources, Anthony Bourdain, recipies.com)Middle East & U.S. HistoryU.S. involvement in Middle East since FDR (Blood & Oil, House of Saud, Reading Activities on Afghanistan 1980s, Iran-Iraq War, Iran-Contra, Gulf War, Oslo Accords, Daily Show)
7Implementing Arab-Islamic Studies Social Studies/English cont.Class DebatesPowerPoint/Prezi & Movie Maker presentationsStations ActivitiesBook Reviews (followed by class presentations and guest speakers),Arab-American National Museum Field Trip
8ExamplesVideo Examples: Aladdin Stereotypes in Media Activity Examples: Iran (Helpful after studying Iran Hostage Crisis) Doing Business in Afghanistan (Economics & English: Has been adapted to a PowerPoint Group Project) Persian Gulf Arab-Israeli Conflict Solutions Arab-Israeli Conflict HistoryProject Examples: Reagan & Afghanistan Pan-Arabism PowerPoint Turkey Prezi Turkey & Saudi Arabia Debate Palestine & Israel Video Tourism
9Curricular Resources Lesson Plans & Units Center for Middle Eastern & North African Studies (CMENAS)Teaching the Middle EastMedia Construction of the Middle EastChoices Program ResourcesProfessional Development, Conferences, WorkshopsEraqi WebsiteTeaching Middle East/Arab/Islamic Studies in U.S. History, Global & Modern Middle East
10Additional Resources Teach Middle East Dr. Allen Webb Teaching About the Middle East: A Teacher’s Resource GuideAbigail S. ChillMedia Education Foundation
11Other Informational Books Teaching Literature of Today’s Middle EastDr. Allen Webb, Western Michigan UniversityIslam: Faith and PeopleEraqi H. EraqiClass Speakers or Community InvolvementArab-American National MuseumIslamicfinder.org
12Literature Dr. Allen Webb Western Michigan University Website om/Women in IslamDiversityWar in the Middle EastPalestinian & Israel ConflictOrganized by grade levelSensitive use with books such as Kite Runner
13Videos Stereotypes: Arab-Israeli Conflict: Middle East in General: Reel Bad ArabsPeace, Propaganda and the Promise LandArab-Israeli Conflict:PromisesArna’s ChildrenParadise NowMiddle East in General:Blood & OilPBS & History Channel
14Any Questions? Monica M. Eraqi firstname.lastname@example.org