Presentation on theme: "Journal Question 3-26-12 What does Equality mean to you? Today, in the 21st Century, have we arrived at equal rights for all? Why or why not?"— Presentation transcript:
1Journal QuestionWhat does Equality mean to you? Today, in the 21st Century, have we arrived at equal rights for all? Why or why not?
2Journal QuestionAfter yesterday’s discussion, please write a new paragraph stating what you know about the Civil Rights Movement.
3Civil Rights Movements Across America Ms. Eraqi and Ms. Nash
4Latinos of Varied Origins Mexican Americans1miilion came in 1900s following the Mexican Revolutionsome came in the 1940’s and 1950’s as braceros, and 1 million came in the 60’s
5Latinos of Varied Origins Puerto Ricansimmigrating after the Spanish American War of 1898, and by 1960’s 1miilion in the USCubansFled Castro’s gov’t after 1959 and large communities formed in NYC, Miami, NJ1960’s thousand of Central and South American emigrated
6Latinos Fight For Change In 1966 Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta merged their new unions to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
7Latinos Fight For Change Chavez believed in non-violence in dealing with California’s large fruit and vegetable companies (Ex. Boycotts/Fast)In the 1960’s the Chicano Movement took off, “Brown Power” and the “Brown Berets” demanded Spanish speaking classes and Chicano studies programs at universities (Bilingual ED. Act of 1968)
8Native Americans Fight For Equality Suffered high unemployment rates, alcoholism, infant mortality rates and suicidesIn 1961 reps from 61 tribes drafted the Declaration of Indian PurposeIn 1968 LBJ established the National Council on Indian Opportunity
9Voices of ProtestsIn 1968 the AIM (American Indian Movement) was formed to demand lands, burial grounds, fishing/ timber rights, and a respect of their culture
11Background Second wave of activism. Drew inspiration from the civil rights movementIt was made up of members of the middle classIt was also caused by the sexual revolution of the 1960sSparked by the development of the birth-control pill in 1960-Eisenberg, Bonnie, and Mary Ruthsdotter. "Living the Legacy: the Women's Rights Movement " Women's Rights Movement June 2007 <http://www.legacy98.org/move-hist.html>.
12National Organization for Women (NOW) Founded in 1966.by a group of people, including Betty Friedan, and Rev. Pauli Murray.The first African-American woman Episcopal priest.Betty Friedan became the organization's first president.NOW helped women become increasingly aware of their limited opportunities and motivated them to find their unlimited opportunities and reach their goals.-"NOW." National Organization for Women. 4 June 2007 <http://www.now.org/>.
13NOW (con’t.) The goal of NOW is to bring about equality for all women. They campaigned to gain passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) at the state level.Issues NOW deals with:works to eliminate discrimination and harassment in the workplace, schools, and the justice system.secure abortion, birth control and reproductive rights for all womenend all forms of violence against womeneradicate racism, sexism and homophobiapromote equality and justice in society.-"NOW." National Organization for Women. 4 June 2007 <http://www.now.org/>.
14Betty Friedan Wrote the book, Feminine Mystique in 1963. In her book, she depicted the roles of women in industrial societies.She focused most of her attention on the housewife role of women.She referred to the problem of gender roles as "the problem without a name".The book became a bestseller and was the cause for the second wave of feminism in the 60s.-"Betty Friedan." Women of the Hall National Women's Hall of Fame. 4 June 2007 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=62>.-Bachir, John J. Betty Friedan JJB Blog. 4 June 2007 <http://blog.johnjosephbachir.org/tag/freedom>.Feb. 4th, Feb. 4th, 2006
15First national Commission on the Status of Women President Kennedy established the first national Commission on the Status of Women in 1961.In 1963 the commission issued a report detailing employment discrimination, unequal pay, legal inequality, and insufficient support services for working women.-"Women’S Rights." Encarta MSN. 1 June 2007 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_ _2/Women’s_Rights.html>.
16Equal Pay Act 1963It is the first federal law prohibiting sexual discrimination.In 1963 the average female worker’s wages in the United States were equivalent to 58.9 % of the average male worker’s earnings.It abolished wage differences based on sex.“No employer having employees subject to any provisions of this section [section 206 of title 29 of the United States Code] shall discriminate, within any establishment in which such employees are employed, between employees on the basis of sex by paying wages to employees in such establishment at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to employees of the opposite sex in such establishment for equal work on jobs…” Equal Pay Act-"The Equal Pay Act of 1963." Essortment June 2007 <http://nc.essortment.com/equalpayact_rvwx.htm>.
17The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Passed in 1964. It banned discrimination on the basis of color, race, national origin, religion, or sex.Section VII set up the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce the act.-"1960s." Women of the Century Discovery Channel. 1 June 2007 <http://school.discovery.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/decadebydecade/1960s.html>.
18Roe vs. Wade 1973 Supreme Court Case: Women had the right to choose an abortion during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
20The Hippie MovementThe term “hippie” comes from being hip. You were either hip or you were a “square” or a “pig.”Hippies were looking for an alternative way to live life.Most hippies valued freedom, nature, intimacy, peace, sharing, and spirituality.
21Way of LifeHippies wanted to distance themselves from mainstream ways of life.They discarded possessions and often lived in parks or campsites in the woods.Living like this made them feel freeNudity was another form of freedom
22Counterculture Fashion Hippies distanced themselves from mainstream culture by their dress.Colorful, flowing clothing, beads, headbands bellbottoms, and tie-dye were popular.Men wore their hair and beards long or in afros.Hippies were often called “longhairs”
23San Francisco and Haight Ashbury San Francisco was the birthplace of the counterculture/hippy movement.By 1965 hippies had taken over the Haight Ashbury district.Haight Ashbury district contains Golden Gate Park home of the Trips FestivalThis is a 20,000-strong be-in at Golden gate park in 1967
24Hippie MusicThe most popular music of the time was psychedelic rockBands like Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service, the Jimi Hendrix Experience and the Grateful Dead played free concerts at Golden Gate Park.Concerts were places for hippies to protest, socialize, dance, or take drugs.At Woodstock over 250,000 hippies showed up to hear artists like Janis Joplin, The Who, Canned Heat, The Allman Brothers, and County Joe and the Fish.
25WoodstockWoodstock was not just a music concert. “For thousands who couldn’t even hear the music” it was a “profound religious experience.”Meager resources were shared with everyone.Many people at Woodstock used illegal drugs
26Drug CultureDrugs like marijuana and LSD were a big part of the hippy/counterculture movement.Using drugs made hippies feel like the were rebelling from mainstream society.
27ReferencesWikipedia.com“The Hippy Generation” by Adam Huber“What did the hippies Want?” By Alicia Bay LaurelInterview with Terry Brown (my mom)Pictures from Google images: Search: Hippies