Energy can be converted from 1 form to another. In some cases, energy is converted in a series of steps.
When energy changes from 1 form to another, the total energy remains unchanged even though many energy conversions may occur. The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
In a closed system, the amount of energy present at the beginning of a process is the same as the amount of energy at the end. (In a closed system, nothing can enter or leave.)
The gravitational PE of an object is converted to the KE of motion as the object falls. Ie: This is what happens when an avalanche brings tons of snow from the top of a mountain to the valley floor. View Simpson clip
This simulation is assuming that there is no air friction and no friction in the pivot point of the rope.
1. Where does the pendulum have the highest velocity? At the very bottom
1. How does the original height of the pendulum compare to its final height? Its the same
A pole-vaulter converts KE into PE in order to propel himself high into the air. Figure links to animation site.
Exist in limited quantities. They cannot be replaced except over the course of millions of years. Examples oil natural gas coal uranium
Resources that can be replaced in a relatively short period of time. Most originate either directly or indirectly from the sun. Examples - - geothermal - - wind - - biomass - - solar - - hydroelectric
You will research the pros and cons of the various renewable energy sources in a data table.