Presentation on theme: "Egyptian Theatre First to perform drama in 3000 B.C. Plays concerned topic of life after death and were performed in tombs or temples."— Presentation transcript:
1 Egyptian TheatreFirst to perform drama in 3000 B.C. Plays concerned topic of life after death and were performed in tombs or temples.
2 Pyramid plays- written on tomb walls and included plot/characters/stage directions. Were religious,enacted by priests.Coronation plays- performed at festivals when new pharos were crowned.Medicinal plays- stories concerned goddess Isis curing/healing others.Passion plays-has a resurrection theme, life after death.
4 Dionysian festivals- began with singing of hymns & dancing Dionysian festivals- began with singing of hymns & dancing. Choral groups were organized and tragedy developed.Of 4 Dionysian festivals held, the one in march, the City of Dionysia, which took place in Athens, developed into a festival with prizes being awarded for the best plays. The festivals lasted 5-6 days.Plays were performed in outdoor theatres seating as many as 20,000 people.
6 3. Plays were rhetorical (focused on words not action) and used poetry. 4. Actors were men5. Costumes-standard Greek attire: sleeveless (tunic) draped around right shoulder (a cloak)6. Staging-used painted scenery which was placed against skene or triangular prisms that were painted with scenes. A few props were used. All violence took place offstage.
8 Must provide a catharsis (a purgation of sin) the audience feels pity and terror from what they see on stage.Hero must be in a high social position (king or god)Hero has a tragic flaw (a failure in character or judgment) which brings about disaster. DOES NOT KNOWMust be a change in the character involving either reversal (characters efforts boomerang)or discovery( the character moves from ignorance to knowledge)
9 Plays must be written in poetry form. Plots conform to 3 unities:Action: a series of closely related events Time: action takes place within 24 hours Place: action occurs in one locationFormat for playPrologue: introduces play Parados: song that brought on the chorus Epeisodion: any “episode” of dialogue that alternated with choral songs Exodus- exit of chorus and end of play
10 Skene: a booth or hut sometimes painted to suggest a setting Orchestra: the circular area where the chorus performedDeus ex machina: a winch which lowered the gods to the stageDionysus:the greek god of wine in whose honor the festivals were heldDionysian Festivals: 3 Playwrights compete and perform 3 plays: comedy, tragedy, satire
11 Tragedy: a tragic hero struggles with a problem he can not control and has no knowledge of; Tragic Hero: Main character (protagonist) in a tragedy;Thespis: invented the monologue and dramatic masks;Aeschylus: the “father” of classical Greek drama. He added the 2nd actor thus creating dialogue, plot, and conflictMime: combined song, verse and pantomine;
12 Naumachia: forms of entertainment featuring sea Battles. Sometimes held at the water’s edge(river/lake/sea) or in flooded theatres;Minstrels: strolling troupes of street entertainers who provided street entertainment after the fall of Rome and the end of the patronage of RomeMystery and Miracle Plays: religious plays of the Medieval theatre. Stories involved the Bible and the lives of the saints. Usually presented in the town square or near a church during religious holidays.
13 Pageant Wagons: the movable stages used by the performers of Mystery and Miracle Plays; Tournaments: Medieval form of entertainment featuring jousting, sword fighting and archery;Serlio: an architect who designed perspective scenery of 3 types:1. Tragic- involved societies most influential people (monarchs/princes). Stage was very ornate and featured elaborate buildings resembling a palace grounds;
14 2. Comedy: involved common people and the Stage resembled a town square;3. Pastoral: background was a forest/woodland orother representation of the outdoors.
15 COMMEDIA DELL’ARTEStock characters of the CommediaArlecchino- the clever servant who is in love with ColumbinaColumbina- the heroine of the storyPantelone- the husband miserCapitano- the father figureLazzi- set speeches, scripts, and actions of the Commedia dell’Arte