3What’s going on in europe & Asia during the depression years? Growing anger over how things were left after World War I.Rise of Dictators in Italy and GermanyAggressively taking over their neighbors in Europe & Asia.
5More bad guys Adolf Hitler Germany Nazi Party HUGE WAR DEBT MASSIVE UNEMPLOYEDINFLATIONNazi Party
6Even more bad guys Prime Minister of Japan, Tojo Hideki Militarism Wants Pearl HarborDominate all of the Pacific & Eastern Asia
7Not really sure – kind of guy Joseph StalinCommunismUSSR – Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicMass Murderer
8The good guys Great Britain France Winston Churchill Prime Minister Charles de GaulleGovernment in exile in Britain when Nazis take over France
9Germany Before WWII Hitler was a decorated war hero Angered by the Treaty of VersaillesForms an alliance with Mussolini
10Germany Before WWIIIn 1923 Hitler and the Nazi party to take over the German government by force.They fail, and Hitler is tried for treason.Hitler serves thirteen months in prison and writes Mein Kampf while there.Hitler gains more of a following in Germany, the people like his ideas.Hitler could have been sentenced to death for this treasonous act. However, the judges liked him and took pity on him. He was sentenced to serve nine years in Prison, but was let out after only 13 months. His time in prison was not wasted. He plotted how he was going to gain control over Germany, and make into the country of his dreams. The Nazi party had only grown while he was imprisoned. He was also a very charismatic speaker.
11In 1933 Hitler becomes the Chancellor Germany Before WWIIIn 1933 Hitler becomes the ChancellorThe Enabling Law is passed which allows Hitler to make laws without having to have them approved by anyone, including the Parliament.Hitler now comes to power legitimately. He has a lot of control over what laws are passed, and how the country was run. Once the Nazi’s gained control over Parliament, there was not stopping Hitler. All he needed was for the current President to die, which he did in Now there is no one to stand in Hitler’s way.
12Concentration CampsIn first Concentration camp is opened at Dachau.It used to jail members of the Communist party.Trade unions became bannedJews were banned from working in government.Nuremburg LawsJews were banned from marrying Aryans, and sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews was forbidden. Jews also lost their right to German citizenship.The first concentration camps were not used as death camps. They were used to house people who did agree with the Nazi party rhetoric. It is not until later that Hitler thinks of a much more ghastly use for these prisons.
131936 Olympics Germany hosted the Olympics. Hitler’s plan was to use the event to spread Nazi propaganda.His plans were spoiled when a black man, Jesse Owens, won four gold medals.To Hitler blacks were an inferior race.Hitler was extremely upset that a man of an “inferior” race was able to beat his finely honed athletes. The Olympics did not go the way he needed them to in order to use the event for propaganda. Hitler needed his athletes to win in order to show the world how much better the “perfect” race was.
14Germany Before WWII Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) 1938Jewish shops, homes, and Synagogues were attacked.Thousands of Jews were arrested and sent to concentration campsThis was the beginning of the Holocaust, the extermination of millions of Jews.
15War Escalates in Europe 1936 – German troops occupy the Rhineland, bordering France and Belgium.1938 – Germany annexed Austria.Both of these actions violated the Versailles Treaty.
16War Escalates in Europe 1938 – Germany claimed the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia where some German speaking people lived.
17A Sudetenland woman weeps tears of joy when German troops enter the territory. They hoped the Nazis would end the depression in their countryHowever, this worried Great Britain and France who feared another war
18War escalates in europe 1938 –Munich ConferenceHitler promises to take all of CzechoslovakiaPromises not to take any more landGreat Britain & France threaten war with Hitler if he invades another country.
19Britain and France gave into Germany hoping that it would avoid warfare. This was known as appeasement.Soviet poster of the 1930's by Kukryniksy on the Munich agreement.
20World war II 1939 –Nazi-Soviet Pact Hitler and Stalin agreed not to attack one another.Agreed to divide Poland and Eastern Europe amongst themselves.September 1, 1939 – Germany invaded Poland without having to fear of a Soviet attack.Britain and France declared war on Germany.
21World War II 1939 – Blitzkrieg German for lightning war Hitler wanted to defeat Poland in six weeks to focus on FranceNew and inexperienced Polish army is unpreparedPoland is defeated by the Germans
23World War II 1940 – Germany conquers: Denmark Belgium Holland Norway FranceEach country was conquered within days
24World War II1941 – Germany launched a surprise attack on the Soviet Union. The U.S. decided to extend Lend-Lease aid to the Soviets as well.
25Concentration Camps During the War 1942Extermination of Jews in concentration camps.The solution to the “Jewish Problem”The first extermination camp was set up at Belzec in PolandThe War had begun in Europe, the US stays out of it for now.Many Jews starved inside Ghettoes, and were unable to get any medical help of any kind.Blitzkrieg means lighting war. It was a military strategy used by Hitler in WWII where many bombs are exploded over an area before the infantry arrives. It causes much destruction, and may times caught his enemies off guard.
26U.S. & FDR Neutrality Acts 1930s Why? Cash and Carry Policy 1939 Tries to cling to isolationism.Banned arms sales or loans to countries at warWarned U.S. citizens not to travel on ships of countries at war.Cash and Carry Policy 1939Sends aid to allies.Finally: Lend Lease Act Passed 1941Allies in troubleFear of war spreading to US
27JapanJapan felt that they had the right to start an overseas empire, like Britain and France.In 1931, Japan seized Manchuria, China, for its valuable coal and iron.
28Japan The League of Nations failed to help China. 1937, Japan began an all out attack on China,Eventually conquered Korea and French Indo-China.InJapan
29US & JapanU.S. Freezes Japanese investments after invasion of IndochinaBeing first peace time draft in historyFDR wins 3rd termJapan pretends to be our friendJapanese Ambassador in U.S. at time of attack on Pearl Harbor.
30On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U. S On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.Approximately 2,400 Americans were killed and most the Pacific fleet was destroyed.The U.S. declared war on Japan the following day, officially entering World War II.Pearl Harbor