6Liquid A liquid will take the shape of whatever container it is in. MOLECULES are close together but they flow past one another.Molecules ARE IN motion.
7Solid MOLECULES have a strong bond (attraction) between them. Solids are usually hard because their molecules have been tightly packed together. Hold their shape.Molecules ARE IN motion.
8Gas Gas is everywhere in random groups of atoms. Gases can fill a container of any size or shape. Liquids can only fill the bottom of the container while gases can fill it entirely.Molecules ARE IN motion.
9Plasma 99% of all matter in the universe is made of plasma. A plasma is an ionized gas.A plasma is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields.Plasma, like gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.In a plasma the electrons have been stripped away from the central nucleus. Therefore, a plasma consists of a sea of ions and electrons and is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields. Electrons are separated from their respective nucleus when enough heat is applied. In a controlled thermonuclear fusion research, plasmas are heated to over 100 million degrees.
10Plasma ParticlesThe negatively charged electrons (yellow) are freely streaming through the positively charged ions (blue).The negatively charged electrons (yellow) are freely streaming through the positively charged ions (blue).
13Kinetic TheoryThe molecules are in constant, random motion and frequently collide with each other and with the walls of any container.
14Basis of Classification of the Four Types Based upon particle arrangementBased upon energy of particlesBased upon distance between particlesIf you can understand this concept, then you are in great shape!!The different states of matter are categorized by the arrangement and energy of the particles at normal temperatures and pressures. The state of matter can be altered by adding or removing energy and/or pressure which can affect the arrangement and energy of the particles.
32Key Concept!!!!! None Description of Phase Change Term for Phase ChangeHeat Movement During Phase ChangeTemperature Change During Phase ChangeSolid to liquidMeltingHeat goes into the solid as it melts.NoneLiquid to solidFreezingHeat leaves the liquid as it freezes.Liquid to gasVaporization, which includes boiling and evaporationHeat goes into the liquid as it vaporizes.Gas to liquidCondensationHeat leaves the gas as it condenses.Solid to gasSublimationHeat goes into the solid as it sublimates.