Side note about oil…. In the 1970s, many Middle Eastern nations have become more wealthy because of the creation of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
What is OPEC? Organization of 12 oil producing and exporting countries: The members are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates & Venezuela.
OPEC The organization sets policy on research, drilling, pricing, distribution and investment. Founded in Baghdad, Iraq Current day headquarters are in Vienna, Austria
January 17, 1991 UN deadline passes & Iraq troops have still not left Kuwait This started Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm Took 6 weeks to clear Kuwait of all Iraqi troops Thousands of Iraqi soldiers died most of Saddams defense system was destroyed Saddam was forced to sign a cease- fire. (UN present to make sure this occurred).
1991 Shiite and Kurd rebel against Saddam US dropped leaflets encouraging this, but did not help & these minority groups were easily crushed. Eventually the UN created a Kurdish safe-haven and imposed sanctions of Iraq Caused poverty for Iraq
What are Sanctions? a tool used to persuade a particular govt. to change their policy by restricting trade, investment or other commercial activity. For example, sanctions may be applied to countries which develop weapons of mass destruction, violate human rights or trade unfairly. The extent of the sanctions often depends on the severity of the violation.weapons of mass destructionhuman rights
1991 - 2003 Saddam carries out campaigns to punish people for the rebellions
March 20, 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Great Britain invade Iraq The UN Security Council (France & Russia) veto UN involvement in the war
The 2 primary reasons the US & Britain did invade despite the UN vetoes were: Iraq had weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) that threatened nations around the world Iraq sponsored world terrorism