Presentation on theme: "Patterns of Interregional Unity 500 – 1300 C.E."— Presentation transcript:
1Patterns of Interregional Unity 500 – 1300 C.E. Big Era FourPatterns of Interregional Unity500 – 1300 C.E.
2Patterns of Interregional Unity Era 4 lasted from 500 CE to 1300 CE.Welcome to Era 4Big Era 6Big Era 2500 CE – 1300 CEBig Era 3Big Era 5Big Era 41800 CE10,000 BCE1000 BCEBig Era 2300 CE – 1500 CEBig Era 3Big Era 5Big Era 41800 CE10,000 BCE1000 BCE
4Beginning in the year 500 AD, numerous inventions, trade goods, ideas, and religions were starting to spread from their regions of origin.
5… …That spread of ideas and things is part of cultural exchange. By the end the 1300s, many of these important ideas and useful things had spread all across Afroeurasia…(Africa, Europe, and Asia0…
6Cultural exchange had many aspects. Population increased and people migrated.Trade networks expanded and cities grew.Huge empires brought many different groups of people together.People shared ideas across regions.
7Let’s take a closer look at each of these causes of cultural exchange. PopulationTradeIdeasEmpires
8World population grew from about 250 million to 460 million between 200 CE and 1500 CE.
9PopulationWorld PopulationAmerican PopulationThe population of the Americas was much smaller than the population of Afroeurasia.
10PopulationAs a result, cultural exchange in the Americas was less extensive than in Afroeurasia.
12Population growth in Afroeurasia affected the environment. Deforestation happened when cities and farming expanded.
13People migrated to new lands in (and out) of Afroeurasia. PopulationVikingsMongolsGermanic TribesTurkic GroupsChineseArabsBantu-Speaking People of AfricaPeople of OceaniaPeople migrated to new lands in (and out) of Afroeurasia.
14Migrations encouraged more cultural exchanges across Afroeurasia. PopulationMigrations encouraged more cultural exchanges across Afroeurasia.Migrating groups moved into other groups’ territories, forcing them to go elsewhere.Migrating groups introduced new plants and animals into their new homes.Migrations diffused technologies for farming, warfare, and crafts.Migrations diffused languages, styles of living, and arts.
15During this time many, many countries and empires came… and went. Building states and empires involved cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia.
16EmpiresNew ruling groups built on the foundations of earlier states and empires.
17States and Empires in 600 CE Sui ChinaSillaParhaeYamoto JapanHarsha’ EmpireChalukyaAvar KingdomFrankish KingdomsGhanaAxumSassanid EmpireByzantine EmpireStates and Empires in 600 CE
18States and Empires in 800 CE GhanaCarolingianByzantineAbbasid CaliphateAxumGurjara-PratiharaTang ChinaSrivijayaParhaeSillaCordoba CaliphateHeian JapanStates and Empires in 800 CE
19States and Empires in 1237 CE Scandanavian KingdomsRussiaEnglandPolandH.R.E.Mongol EmpireFranceSpainHungaryRumKoryoPortugalAlmohad CaliphateSung ChinaKamakura JapanAyyubid CaliphateDelhi SultanateMaliAngkorEthiopiaOyoBeninZimbabweStates and Empires in 1237 CE
20States and Empires in 1400 CE Union of KalmarRussian StatesScotland EnglandPoland-LithuaniaKhanate of the Golden HordeJagatai KhanateHoly Roman EmpireFranceHungaryPortugalCastileOttoman Emp.KoreaTimurid EmpireAshikaga JapanGranadaMing ChinaMarinids HafsidsMamluk SultanateMaliEthiopiaSiamOyo BeninVijayanagaraZanj City-StatesMajapahitZimbabweStates and Empires in 1400 CE
21EmpiresStrong governments protected trade routes and stabilized currencies.Kings and Queens were patrons of science, religious institutions, and arts.Large empires brought together many ethnic, language, and religious groups.How did states and empires stimulate cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia?
22Trade was also closely linked to cultural exchange. Empires supported trade in Afroeurasia. Merchants traveled great distances in search of wealth.
23The number of cities grew, as well as trade networks between them.
25Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts. Trade stimulated use of natural resources.Cities and manufacturing centers grew bigger.Banks, credit, and money systems encouraged regional and long distance trade.TradeHow did expanding trade networks bring about cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia?
26During this time universal religions spread across Afroeurasia. IdeasDuring this time universal religions spread across Afroeurasia.Universal religions are belief systems that anyone can join – they’re not limited to any one group.
27The spread of universal religions from 300-1500 CE BuddhismHinduismIslamChristianityIdeasThe spread of universal religions from CE
28Who spread these universal religions across Afroeurasia? IdeasWho spread these universalreligions across Afroeurasia?Monks spread Buddhism.Traders and Sufi orders spread Islam.Missionariesspread Christianity.
29IdeasUniversal faiths gave members a sense of community beyond political, class, or ethnic identities.Religious scholars gathered and recorded knowledge and founded institutions of learning.The spread of religions stimulated production and exchange of arts, literature, philosophy, and the sciences.How did the spread of religion encourage cultural exchange in Afroeurasia?
30You might say that by 1500 CE the world was connected, right? If you had to put the changes in this era into one sentence, what would it be?You might say that by 1500 CE the world was connected, right?
31Stern-rudderCompassLateen SailMapmakingCultural exchange in Afroeurasia before 1500 CE made possible the technologies that in turn permitted transoceanic voyages.Is that why people from Afroeurasia discovered the Americas, and not the opposite?