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1 Patterns of Interregional Unity 500 – 1300 C.E. Big Era Four.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Patterns of Interregional Unity 500 – 1300 C.E. Big Era Four."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Patterns of Interregional Unity 500 – 1300 C.E. Big Era Four

2 2 Patterns of Interregional Unity Welcome to Era 4 Era 4 lasted from 500 CE to 1300 CE. Big Era 2 300 CE – 1500 CE Big Era 3Big Era 5Big Era 4 1800 CE10,000 BCE1000 BCE Big Era 6 Big Era 2 500 CE – 1300 CE Big Era 3Big Era 5Big Era 4 1800 CE10,000 BCE1000 BCE

3 3 From 500-1300 AD many connections were established among regions Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library 2002. ©1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

4 4 Beginning in the year 500 AD, numerous inventions, trade goods, ideas, and religions were starting to spread from their regions of origin.

5 5 … By the end the 1300s, many of these important ideas and useful things had spread all across Afroeurasia… (Africa, Europe, and Asia0 …That spread of ideas and things is part of cultural exchange.

6 6 Cultural exchange had many aspects. People shared ideas across regions. Population increased and people migrated. Trade networks expanded and cities grew. Huge empires brought many different groups of people together.

7 7 Population Ideas Trade Empires Lets take a closer look at each of these causes of cultural exchange.

8 8 World population grew from about 250 million to 460 million between 200 CE and 1500 CE. Population

9 9 The population of the Americas was much smaller than the population of Afroeurasia. Population World Population American Population

10 10 As a result, cultural exchange in the Americas was less extensive than in Afroeurasia. Population

11 11 Population So, well look at cultural exchange in Afroeurasia, and then return to the Americas later. Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library 2002. ©1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

12 12 Population growth in Afroeurasia affected the environment. Population Deforestation happened when cities and farming expanded.

13 13 People migrated to new lands in (and out) of Afroeurasia. Vikings Bantu-Speaking People of Africa Mongols Turkic Groups People of Oceania Arabs Germanic Tribes Chinese Population

14 14 Migrating groups moved into other groups territories, forcing them to go elsewhere.Migrating groups moved into other groups territories, forcing them to go elsewhere. Migrating groups introduced new plants and animals into their new homes.Migrating groups introduced new plants and animals into their new homes. Migrations diffused technologies for farming, warfare, and crafts.Migrations diffused technologies for farming, warfare, and crafts. Migrations diffused languages, styles of living, and arts.Migrations diffused languages, styles of living, and arts. Population Migrations encouraged more cultural exchanges across Afroeurasia.

15 15 Empires Building states and empires involved cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia. During this time many, many countries and empires came… and went.

16 16 New ruling groups built on the foundations of earlier states and empires. Empires

17 17 Sui China Silla Parhae Yamoto Japan Harsha Empire Chalukya Avar Kingdom Frankish Kingdoms Ghana Axum Sassanid Empire Byzantine Empire States and Empires in 600 CE

18 18 Ghana Carolingian Byzantine Abbasid Caliphate Axum Gurjara- Pratihara Tang China Srivijaya Parhae Silla Cordoba Caliphate Heian Japan States and Empires in 800 CE

19 19 Mongol Empire Russia Sung China Koryo Kamakura Japan Delhi Sultanate Scandanavian Kingdoms Mali Zimbabwe Benin Oyo France Ethiopia Ayyubid Caliphate Almohad Caliphate Poland Rum H.R.E. Hungary England Portugal Spain States and Empires in 1237 CE States and Empires in 1237 CE Angkor

20 20 Mali Oyo Benin Zimbabwe Zanj City-States Ethiopia Vijayanagara Siam Majapahit Ashikaga Japan Korea Marinids Hafsids Mamluk Sultanate Granada PortugalCastile France Scotland England Union of Kalmar Holy Roman Empire Poland- Lithuania Hungary Ottoman Emp. Russian States Khanate of the Golden Horde Jagatai Khanate Ming China Timurid Empire States and Empires in 1400 CE

21 21 How did states and empires stimulate cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia? Strong governments protected trade routes and stabilized currencies.Strong governments protected trade routes and stabilized currencies. Kings and Queens were patrons of science, religious institutions, and arts.Kings and Queens were patrons of science, religious institutions, and arts. Large empires brought together many ethnic, language, and religious groups.Large empires brought together many ethnic, language, and religious groups. Empires

22 22 Trade was also closely linked to cultural exchange. Trade Empires supported trade in Afroeurasia. Merchants traveled great distances in search of wealth.

23 23 The number of cities grew, as well as trade networks between them. Trade

24 24 From 300-1500 CE, trade routes extended farther and were used by more travelers. Trade Microsoft®Encarta®Reference Library 2002. ©1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

25 25 Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts.Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts. Trade stimulated use of natural resources.Trade stimulated use of natural resources. Cities and manufacturing centers grew bigger.Cities and manufacturing centers grew bigger. Banks, credit, and money systems encouraged regional and long distance trade.Banks, credit, and money systems encouraged regional and long distance trade. Trade How did expanding trade networks bring about cultural exchanges in Afroeurasia?

26 26 During this time universal religions spread across Afroeurasia. Universal religions are belief systems that anyone can join – theyre not limited to any one group. Ideas

27 27 The spread of universal religions from 300-1500 CE Ideas Buddhism Hinduism Islam Christianity

28 28 Who spread these universal religions across Afroeurasia? Monks spread Buddhism. Traders and Sufi orders spread Islam. Missionaries spread Christianity. Ideas

29 29 Universal faiths gave members a sense of community beyond political, class, or ethnic identities.Universal faiths gave members a sense of community beyond political, class, or ethnic identities. Religious scholars gathered and recorded knowledge and founded institutions of learning.Religious scholars gathered and recorded knowledge and founded institutions of learning. The spread of religions stimulated production and exchange of arts, literature, philosophy, and the sciences.The spread of religions stimulated production and exchange of arts, literature, philosophy, and the sciences. How did the spread of religion encourage cultural exchange in Afroeurasia? Ideas

30 30 You might say that by 1500 CE the world was connected, right? If you had to put the changes in this era into one sentence, what would it be?

31 31 Is that why people from Afroeurasia discovered the Americas, and not the opposite? Stern- rudder Compass Lateen Sail Mapmaking Cultural exchange in Afroeurasia before 1500 CE made possible the technologies that in turn permitted transoceanic voyages.


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