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Food Safety: What You DON'T Know CAN Hurt YOU!.

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Presentation on theme: "Food Safety: What You DON'T Know CAN Hurt YOU!."— Presentation transcript:

1 Food Safety: What You DON'T Know CAN Hurt YOU!

2 I wish I’d known these things!
Alice Henneman, MS, RD Joyce Jensen, REHS, CFSP University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension in Lancaster County Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Dept. I wish I’d known these things! February 2007 Download this PowerPoint at

3 10 Safety Myths Don’t be “myth”- led!
Following are the facts for 10 common food safety myths...

4 Myth 1 If it tastes O.K., it's safe to eat.

5 Fact 1 Don’t count on these to tell you if a food is safe to eat!
Sight Smell Taste Don’t count on these to tell you if a food is safe to eat!

6 Estimates of foodborne illnesses in the U.S. each year
76 million people become ill 5,000 people die

7 Would this many people eat something if they thought it tasted, looked or smelled bad?

8 Even if tasting would tell …
Why risk getting sick? A “tiny taste” may not protect you. As few as 10 bacteria could cause some foodborne illnesses, such as E. coli!

9 Myth 2 OOPS! If you get sick from eating a food, it was from the last food you ate.

10 Fact 2 It can take ½ hour to 6 weeks to become sick from unsafe foods.

11 You usually feel OK immediately after eating and become sick later.

12 Foodborne illness is NOT a pretty picture!
Hey guys, I have to throw up!

13 Myth 3 The worst that could happen to you with a foodborne illness is an upset stomach.

14 Dehydration (sometimes severe)
Fact 3 Upset stomach Diarrhea Fever Dehydration (sometimes severe) OOPS!

15 Less common, but possible severe conditions
Meningitis Death Paralysis

16 Myth 4 If I’ve never been sick from the food I prepare, I don’t need to worry about feeding it to others.

17 Is the food safe for everyone at the table?
Fact 4 Some people have a greater risk for foodborne illnesses. A food you can safely eat might make others sick. Is the food safe for everyone at the table?

18 People with a higher risk for foodborne illness
Young children and older adults People with weakened immune systems and individuals with certain chronic diseases Pregnant women Infants

19 Myth 5 People never used to get sick from their food.

20 Fact 5 Many incidents of foodborne illness went undetected in the past.

21 Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea were often and still are blamed on the "flu."

22 Foodborne illness vs. flu
More common in foodborne illness: Gastrointestinal More common in flu: Respiratory Nausea Chest discomfort Vomiting Cough Diarrhea Nasal congestion Sore throat Runny or stuffy nose

23 Bacteria have gotten stronger!

24 Our food now travels farther with more chances for contamination.
In days gone by, the chicken served at supper may have been in the hen house at noon!

25 Myth 6 As long as I left the lid on a food that has set out too long, it is safe to eat.

26 Fact 6 Though food may be safe after cooking, it may not be safe later. Just one bacteria in the food can double in 20 minutes!

27 How many bacteria will grow from one bacteria left at room temperature 7 hours?

28 2,097,152!

29 Refrigerate perishable foods within two hours at a refrigerator temperature of 40°F or lower.
On a hot day (90°F or higher), food should not sit out for more than one hour.

30 Myth 7 If you let a food sit out more than two hours, you can make it safe by heating it really hot!

31 Fact 7 Some bacteria, such as staphylococcus (staph), produce toxins not destroyed by high cooking temperatures.

32 Myth 8 If a hamburger is brown in the middle, it is cooked to a safe internal temperature.

33 Fact 8 1 out of 4 hamburgers turns brown before it has been cooked to a safe internal temperature. Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service

34 Which ground beef patty is cooked to a safe internal temperature?
Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service

35 A B This is NOT a safely cooked hamburger. Though brown inside, it’s undercooked. This IS a safely cooked hamburger, (internal temperature of 160ºF), even though pink inside. Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service

36 Research shows some ground beef patties look done at internal temperatures as low as 135ºF.

37 The ONLY way to know food has been cooked to a safe
internal temperature is to use a food thermometer!

38 Cook to 160°F

39 Food thermometers & thin foods
When measuring the temperature of a thin food, such as a hamburger patty, pork chop, or chicken breast, an “instant-read” digital thermometer should be used, if possible. If using an “instant-read” dial thermometer, the probe must be inserted in the side of the food so the entire sensing area (usually 2-3 inches) is positioned through the center of the food.

40 Myth 9 Meat and poultry should be washed before cooking.

41 Fact 9 Washing is NOT necessary or recommended.

42 Washing increases the danger of cross- contamination, spreading bacteria present on the surface of meat and poultry to: ready-to-eat foods kitchen utensils counter surfaces.

43 Cooking meat and poultry to the recommended internal temperature will make them safe to eat.

44 USDA Recommended Safe Minimum Internal Temperatures
Steaks & Roasts - 145°F Fish - 145°F Pork - 160°F Ground Beef - 160°F Egg Dishes - 160°F Chicken Breasts - 165°F Whole Poultry - 165°F

45 Myth 10 We should be scared of eating almost everything!

46 Fact 10 “... the American food supply continues to be among the safest in the world.” Robert E. Brackett, Ph.D., Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, November 15, 2006 at

47 Louisa May Alcott, Author
I'm not afraid of storms, for I'm learning how to sail my ship. Proper food handling helps assure food is safe to eat. 4 steps follow ... Louisa May Alcott, Author





52 Remember: When in doubt ...

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