Presentation on theme: "Saudi Kings House of Saud. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) Founded in 1932 Abdul Aziz ibn Saud (aka Ibn Saud) Government: Absolute Monarchy 7,000 Princes."— Presentation transcript:
Saudi Kings House of Saud
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) Founded in 1932 Abdul Aziz ibn Saud (aka Ibn Saud) Government: Absolute Monarchy 7,000 Princes 200 Princes with the most power in the form on government offices, such as ministries The Ulema Religious Leaders & Jurists Share some powers in government
King Abdullah bin Abdul al-Saud Current King of the KSA 6 th King of the country Came to power in 2005 when older brother died.
Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Was the Former Crown Prince Died, October, 2011 New Crown Prince is HRH Prince Nayef Line of Succession very different from most countries Makes it difficult in future.
Sons of Abdul Aziz ibn Sa'ud Bandar bin Abdul Aziz (1923-) Bandar bin Abdul Aziz Musa'id bin Abdul Aziz (1923-) Musa'id bin Abdul Aziz Mishaal bin Abdul Aziz (1926-) Mishaal bin Abdul Aziz Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz (1926-) Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz Abd al-Rahman bin Abdul Aziz (1931-) Abd al-Rahman bin Abdul Aziz Mutaib bin Abdul Aziz (1931-) Mutaib bin Abdul Aziz Talal bin Abdul Aziz (1931-) Talal bin Abdul Aziz Badr bin Abdul Aziz (1933- Badr bin Abdul Aziz Nawwaf bin Abdul Aziz (1933-) Nawwaf bin Abdul Aziz Turki bin Abdul Aziz (1934-). Turki bin Abdul Aziz Abdulilah bin Abdul Aziz (1935-) Abdulilah bin Abdul Aziz Salman bin Abdul Aziz (1936-) Ahmed bin Abdul Aziz (1940-) Ahmed bin Abdul Aziz Mamdouh bin Abdul Aziz (1940-) Mamdouh bin Abdul Aziz Sattam bin Abdul Aziz (1943-) Sattam bin Abdul Aziz Muqran bin Abdul Aziz (1945-) Muqran bin Abdul Aziz
Grandsons of Abdul Aziz ibn Sa'ud Muhammed bin Saud (1934-) Muhammed bin Saud Abdallah al-Khalid(1935-) Abdallah al-Khalid Mohammed al Faisal (1937-) Mohammed al Faisal Khalid al Faisal (1941-) Khalid al Faisal Saud al Faisal (1941-) Saud al Faisal Mutaib bin Abdullah (1943-) Mutaib bin Abdullah Faisal bin Bandar (1943-) Faisal bin Bandar Turki al Faisal (1945-) Turki al Faisal Saud bin Abdul Mohsin (1947-) Saud bin Abdul Mohsin Khalid bin Sultan (1949-) Khalid bin Sultan Mohammed bin Fahd (1950-) Mohammed bin Fahd Bandar bin Sultan (1950-) Bandar bin Sultan Mohammed bin Nawwaf (1953-) Mohammed bin Nawwaf Al-Walid ibn Talal (1955-) Saud bin Nayef (1956-) Saud bin Nayef Sultan bin Salman (1956-) Sultan bin Salman Mohammed bin Nayef (1959- Mohammed bin Nayef Faisal bin Salman (1960-) Faisal bin Salman Abdulaziz bin Fahd (1973-) 34 Abdulaziz bin Fahd
Democracy in KSA? KSA has only had an absolute monarchy Most citizens although very educated have never voted Political Parties not legal until 2005 Makes democracy very difficult
Economics 25% of World Oil Reserves Largest Exporter of Petroleum 90% of KSA reserves exported Most businesses are government owned Trying to privatize Other industries Religious items, chemicals, polymers, fertilizers, construction Young Population 46% under age 14 Jobs are an increasing issue Large gap between rich and poor
Economics cont. Riyadh – Capital (Left) Jeddah – (Above)
Economics Cont. Design of King Abdullah Economic City Projected to create 1.5 million new jobs
Human Rights Punishments Public Executions Beheadings Stoning Flogging Fire Squads 345 executions between 2007-2010
Human Rights Women Read The Movement for Social Reform in Saudi Arabia Men first voted in 2005 Only time anyone in KSA has voted Women to vote in 2015 elections for 1 st time Municipal Elections Half of municipals (finance, health, education, agriculture) are princes, other half elected. Women Cannot Drive Many still do in rural areas Are allowed to fly planes Cannot Travel without male guardian Need written permission from male relative to travel outside the country
Human Rights cont. Minorities Foreigners are allowed to travel, live and work in Saudi Arabia Not allowed to practice religion openly Holy sites are off limits to non-Muslims Not allowed to be buried inside Saudi soil
Muttawa (Religious Police) Enforce religious rules in public places Approx: 3,500 plus thousands of volunteers In many cases this means: Order/remind women to keep heads covered Ban single men from entering malls on weekends to allow women to shop Force men to evacuate shops to go to the mosque and pray Inform non-Muslims to stop shopping until prayer times are over. HOWEVER, many conservative Saudis favor these laws as a way of preserving traditional values.
Saudi Arabia & USA Military Small population = small military = make difference up with big guns $25-40 Billion Annually, most purchased from USA Largest purchaser of U.S. weapons Also receives US weapons and defense training in KSA and abroad in exchange for military bases and unrestricted oil trade Military has been used to defend against Saddam Hussein, Israeli threats, and terrorism Congress agreed to sell $60 Billion in arms in 2010 – largest arms sale in US history
Saudi Arabia & USA Every president since FDR has recommitted US ties to Saudi Arabia Relations important Economically Politically Militarily
Strong Connection to USA
Reform in KSA? Will Women Vote? Claim is 2015 2005 King appointed first female ministers Opposition to Royal Family Political parties (liberal, Sunni Islamic, Shia & Hejaz tribes) Protesting is strictly forbidden Spurred by Arab revolutions in other Arab countries