2 EUROPEAN FRONT: Before U.S. Enters the War BATTLE OF BRITAIN 1940Hitler knew he couldn’t defeat the British NavyBegan this battle as an air war (Luftwaffe)Worked well at first…British develop superior aircraftBegin bombing German cities while Germany bombed England at night.
6 FRONTS EUROPE: PACIFIC: ALLIES TAKE ON GERMANY: GOAL: TO DEFEAT THEM DEFENSIVEDEFEAT NAZIS FIRST
7 EUROPEAN FRONT: U.S. Enter the War MAJOR BATTLES: Battle of StalingradSOVIETS BATTLE GERMANS AT STALINGRAD- AUGUSTBloodiest standoff on the warOver one million casualties: 199 daysAllies decided to let Russia fight on their ownTHIS DECISION WILL COST THE U.S. FUTURE RELATIONS WITH SOVIETS.
9 NORTH AFRICAN FRONTS OFFENSIVE FIGHT ROOSEVELT AND CHURCHILL MEET IN MOROCCO: 1943DECIDE NOT TO HELP SOVIETS INSTEAD STICK TO PLAN TO ATTACK FROM NORTH AFRICA INTO SICILY
10 MAY 1943: AXIS TROOPS SURRENDER AFRICA NORTH AFRICAN BATTLESOPERATION TORCHNOVEMBER 1942DWIGHT D. EISENHOWERMOROCCO & ALGERIA FIRST FALL AS THEY HAVE GERMAN PUPPET GOVTTUNISIA: ROMMEL(THE DESERT FOX) AND HIS AFRIKA CORPSMAY 1943: AXIS TROOPS SURRENDER AFRICA
11 European BattlesEisenhower plans attacks on Italy after success in N. Africa with help of BritishCampaign begins June 1943-Sicily-Anzio-RomeMussolini forced to resign in August 1943
13 European FrontApril 29, Mussolini and 15 other fascist leaders are executed and hanged in the Piazzale Loreto in Milan.
14 EUROPEAN FRONT AND BATTLES OPERATION OVERLORD (D-DAY)FDRSTALINCHURCHILLMEET TO PLAN INVASION ACROSS ENGLISH CHANNELNORMANDYGERMANS EXPECTED THEM TO ATTACK ELSEWHERE AT CALAIS
15 EUROPEAN BATTLES NORMANDY, FRANCE (D-DAY) LARGEST AMPHIBIOUS INVASION JUNE 6, 1944*Code Breakers intercept Axis correspondence*150,000 ALLIED SOLDIERS600 WARSHIPSGENERAL DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER/Rommel for GermansBY JULY: ALLIED FORCES IN FRANCE WAS OVER 1 MILLIONHITLER HESITATES TO FIGHT BACK
17 D-DAY INVASION OF NORMANDY World War IID-DAYINVASIONOF NORMANDY
18 WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW?NAZIS CONTINUE TO FIGHT THROUGH AIR ATTACKS 1943 & 1944OPERATION OVERLORD: DRIVE THE NAZIS OUT OF FRANCE AND HEAD THEM TOWARDS DEFEAT AT HOMEJUNE 6, 1944LARGEST AMPHIBIOUS INVASION(INVASION BY SEA)
19 WHERE DID THIS TAKE PLACE? 60 MILE STRETCH OF NORMANDY COAST (NORTHERN FRENCH COAST)HITLER CAUGHT UNAWARE: THOUGHT ATTACK WOULD BE FURTHER UP THE COAST AT CALAIS326,000 SOLDIERS LAND THE FIRST WEEK, 50,000 VEHICLES, 100,000 TONS OF SUPPLIES
23 D-DayAmerican soldiers wading through water into Nazi machine-gun fire on the coast of France.
24 YOUR ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE THE WORKSHEET ATTACHED TO THE PREPARED MAP REWRITE THE QUESTIONS FROM THE WORKSHEET ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPERANSWER THE QUESTIONS USING COMPLETE SENTENCES.GOOD LUCK & GOOD TRACKING!
25 European Front Battle of the Bulge When? – December 16, 1944Where? – border areas near Luxembourg, France and GermanyResults? – The Germans began a counterattack against the Allies as the Allies attempted to drive the Germans completely out of France.Importance? – Germans begin retreat signaling their defeat.First time allies will enter Germany since war startedFirst time allies will see concentration camps
26 · V-E Day (Victory in Europe)May 8, 1945 BATTLE OF THE BULGE (BELGIUM)LAST GERMAN OFFENSIVE OF WWIIDECEBMER 1944CLEARED WAY TO GERMANYSOVIETS ATTACK FROM THE EASTAMERICANS FROM THE WESTTIED DOWN HUGE AMOUNTS OF ALLIED RESOURCESTAKE GERMANY
27 Red army soldiers raising the Soviet flag on the roof of the Reichstag (German Parliament) in Berlin, Germany.
28 Churchill waves to crowds in Britain after broadcasting to the nation that the war with Germany had been won,
29 V-E Day Celebrations in New York City, May 8, 1945.
30 V-E Day celebrations, Bay Street, Toronto, Canada May 7, 1945
32 ASIAN FRONT DEFENSIVE FRONT AGAINST JAPAN JAPAN HAD TAKEN OVER GUAM, WAKE, SINGAPORE AND PHILIPPINESHow do we get them back?
33 Island Hopping The two main goals of the U.S. in the Pacific were: I. to regain the Philippines.II. to invade Japan.The U.S. began a policy of island hopping, using islands as stepping-stones towards Japan.
34 ASIAN FRONT February of 1945 The U.S. recaptured the Philippines, Iwo Jima and Okinawa.Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima: depicts five United States Marines and a U.S. Navy corpsman raising the flag of the United States atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
35 ASIAN FRONT: THE TIDE TURNS BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA-JAPAN WANTS TO TAKE AUSTRALIA-May 1942-Japan loses-Japanese naval aviation begins to decline.
36 ASIAN FRONT CONTINUED MIDWAY ISLAND -CODE BREAKERS READY AMERICANS FOR THE ATTACK.TAKE OUT FOUR OF FIVE JAPANESE CARRIERSIt limited Japan's ability to attack Hawaii again or other Allied positions.
37 OTHER ASIAN BATTLESMORE BLOODY BATTLES:-GUADALCANALSOLOMON ISLANDSAMERICANS CUT OFF JAPANESE SUPPLY LINESBecame military base from which to counterattack the JapaneseIWO JIMAOKINAWAHEAVY CASUALTIES ON BOTH SIDES IN THESE BATTLESVICTORY IN THESE ISLANDS WIL BE KEY TO ALLIED VICTORY IN JAPAN