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MS. ERAQI Major Battles. EUROPEAN FRONT: Before U.S. Enters the War BATTLE OF BRITAIN 1940 Hitler knew he couldnt defeat the British Navy Began this battle.

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Presentation on theme: "MS. ERAQI Major Battles. EUROPEAN FRONT: Before U.S. Enters the War BATTLE OF BRITAIN 1940 Hitler knew he couldnt defeat the British Navy Began this battle."— Presentation transcript:

1 MS. ERAQI Major Battles

2 EUROPEAN FRONT: Before U.S. Enters the War BATTLE OF BRITAIN 1940 Hitler knew he couldnt defeat the British Navy Began this battle as an air war (Luftwaffe) Worked well at first… British develop superior aircraft Begin bombing German cities while Germany bombed England at night.

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4 WHERE DO WE START? EUROPE NORTH AFRICA ASIA (PACIFIC)

5 Hitler Was Everywhere!

6 FRONTS EUROPE: ALLIES TAKE ON GERMANY: GOAL: TO DEFEAT THEM PACIFIC: DEFENSIVE DEFEAT NAZIS FIRST

7 EUROPEAN FRONT: U.S. Enter the War MAJOR BATTLES: Battle of Stalingrad SOVIETS BATTLE GERMANS AT STALINGRAD- AUGUST Bloodiest standoff on the war Over one million casualties: 199 days Allies decided to let Russia fight on their own THIS DECISION WILL COST THE U.S. FUTURE RELATIONS WITH SOVIETS.

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9 NORTH AFRICAN FRONTS OFFENSIVE FIGHT ROOSEVELT AND CHURCHILL MEET IN MOROCCO: 1943 DECIDE NOT TO HELP SOVIETS INSTEAD STICK TO PLAN TO ATTACK FROM NORTH AFRICA INTO SICILY

10 NORTH AFRICAN BATTLES OPERATION TORCH NOVEMBER 1942 DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER MOROCCO & ALGERIA FIRST FALL AS THEY HAVE GERMAN PUPPET GOVT TUNISIA: ROMMEL(THE DESERT FOX) AND HIS AFRIKA CORPS MAY 1943: AXIS TROOPS SURRENDER AFRICA

11 European Battles Eisenhower plans attacks on Italy after success in N. Africa with help of British Campaign begins June Sicily -Anzio -Rome Mussolini forced to resign in August 1943

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13 European Front April 29, 1945 Mussolini and 15 other fascist leaders are executed and hanged in the Piazzale Loreto in Milan.

14 EUROPEAN FRONT AND BATTLES OPERATION OVERLORD (D-DAY) FDR STALIN CHURCHILL MEET TO PLAN INVASION ACROSS ENGLISH CHANNEL NORMANDY GERMANS EXPECTED THEM TO ATTACK ELSEWHERE AT CALAIS

15 EUROPEAN BATTLES NORMANDY, FRANCE (D-DAY) LARGEST AMPHIBIOUS INVASION JUNE 6, 1944 *Code Breakers intercept Axis correspondence* 150,000 ALLIED SOLDIERS 600 WARSHIPS GENERAL DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER/Rommel for Germans BY JULY: ALLIED FORCES IN FRANCE WAS OVER 1 MILLION HITLER HESITATES TO FIGHT BACK

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17 World War II D-DAY INVASION OF NORMANDY

18 WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW? NAZIS CONTINUE TO FIGHT THROUGH AIR ATTACKS 1943 & 1944 OPERATION OVERLORD: DRIVE THE NAZIS OUT OF FRANCE AND HEAD THEM TOWARDS DEFEAT AT HOME JUNE 6, 1944 LARGEST AMPHIBIOUS INVASION (INVASION BY SEA)

19 WHERE DID THIS TAKE PLACE? 60 MILE STRETCH OF NORMANDY COAST (NORTHERN FRENCH COAST) HITLER CAUGHT UNAWARE: THOUGHT ATTACK WOULD BE FURTHER UP THE COAST AT CALAIS 326,000 SOLDIERS LAND THE FIRST WEEK, 50,000 VEHICLES, 100,000 TONS OF SUPPLIES

20 THE BEACHES CODE NAMES: JUNO GOLD OMAHA UTAH SWORD

21 WHO WAS INVOLVED? AMERICAN LEADER: DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER GERMAN LEADER: ROMMEL SOLDIERS AMERICAN CANADIAN BRITISH GERMAN

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23 D-Day American soldiers wading through water into Nazi machine-gun fire on the coast of France.

24 YOUR ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE THE WORKSHEET ATTACHED TO THE PREPARED MAP REWRITE THE QUESTIONS FROM THE WORKSHEET ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER ANSWER THE QUESTIONS USING COMPLETE SENTENCES. GOOD LUCK & GOOD TRACKING!

25 European Front Battle of the Bulge When? – December 16, 1944 Where? – border areas near Luxembourg, France and Germany Results? – The Germans began a counterattack against the Allies as the Allies attempted to drive the Germans completely out of France. Importance? – Germans begin retreat signaling their defeat. First time allies will enter Germany since war started First time allies will see concentration camps

26 · V-E Day (Victory in Europe)May 8, 1945 BATTLE OF THE BULGE (BELGIUM) LAST GERMAN OFFENSIVE OF WWII DECEBMER 1944 CLEARED WAY TO GERMANY SOVIETS ATTACK FROM THE EAST AMERICANS FROM THE WEST TIED DOWN HUGE AMOUNTS OF ALLIED RESOURCES TAKE GERMANY

27 Red army soldiers raising the Soviet flag on the roof of the Reichstag (German Parliament) in Berlin, Germany.

28 Churchill waves to crowds in Britain after broadcasting to the nation that the war with Germany had been won,

29 V-E Day Celebrations in New York City, May 8, 1945.

30 V-E Day celebrations, Bay Street, Toronto, Canada May 7, 1945

31 VE-Day Parade, Red Square, Moscow, Russis

32 ASIAN FRONT DEFENSIVE FRONT AGAINST JAPAN JAPAN HAD TAKEN OVER GUAM, WAKE, SINGAPORE AND PHILIPPINES How do we get them back?

33 Island Hopping The two main goals of the U.S. in the Pacific were: I. to regain the Philippines. II. to invade Japan. The U.S. began a policy of island hopping, using islands as stepping- stones towards Japan.

34 ASIAN FRONT February of 1945 The U.S. recaptured the Philippines, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima: depicts five United States Marines and a U.S. Navy corpsman raising the flag of the United States atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima.

35 ASIAN FRONT: THE TIDE TURNS BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA -JAPAN WANTS TO TAKE AUSTRALIA -May Japan loses -Japanese naval aviation begins to decline.

36 ASIAN FRONT CONTINUED MIDWAY ISLAND -CODE BREAKERS READY AMERICANS FOR THE ATTACK. TAKE OUT FOUR OF FIVE JAPANESE CARRIERS It limited Japan's ability to attack Hawaii again or other Allied positions.

37 OTHER ASIAN BATTLES MORE BLOODY BATTLES: -GUADALCANAL SOLOMON ISLANDS AMERICANS CUT OFF JAPANESE SUPPLY LINES Became military base from which to counterattack the Japanese IWO JIMA OKINAWA HEAVY CASUALTIES ON BOTH SIDES IN THESE BATTLES VICTORY IN THESE ISLANDS WIL BE KEY TO ALLIED VICTORY IN JAPAN

38 So How Do We Defeat Japan?


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