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The Fertile Crescent Test Key Terms Religion Geography People Civilizations 100 200 300 400.

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Presentation on theme: "The Fertile Crescent Test Key Terms Religion Geography People Civilizations 100 200 300 400."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Fertile Crescent Test Key Terms Religion Geography People Civilizations 100 200 300 400

3 This is a story about gods that explains peoples beliefs.

4 This is a story about gods that explains peoples beliefs. Answer: myths

5 These are many territories and people who are controlled by one government.

6 These are many territories and people who are controlled by one government. Answer: empire

7 A group of traders traveling together is called a ___________.

8 A group of traders traveling together is called a ___________. Answer: caravan

9 In Mesopotamia, people eventually combined pictures and symbols into a script known as __________.

10 In Mesopotamia, people eventually combined symbols into a script known as cuneiform. Answer: Cuneiform

11 True or False? One of the major events in the history of the Israelites was the conquest of Canaan ?

12 True or False? One of the major events in the history of the Israelites was the conquest of Canaan? Answer: True, the second time they went to Canaan, it flourished until it split.

13 What were the Israelites known for which made them unique among ancient people?

14 What were the Israelites known for which made them unique among ancient people Answer: They worshipped one god; monotheistic.

15 What was the name of the first written set of laws?

16 What was the name of the first written set of laws. Answer: Hammurabis Code

17 Moses was known for what two major contributions to his people, the Israelites?

18 Moses was known for what two major contributions to his people, the Israelites? Answer: Moses guided the Hebrews to follow the Ten Commandments and he led the enslaved Jews out of Egypt to Canaan.

19 What geological features made Mesopotamia such a popular place for people to want to settle?

20 What geological features made Mesopotamia such a popular place for people to want to settle? Answer: The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

21 Why did separate city states develop in Sumer?

22 Why did separate city states develop in Sumer? Answer: They were separated by long distances, often mountains and deserts acted as barriers, too.

23 Babylon was a crossroads of trade for an important reason. What is the reason?

24 Babylon was a crossroads of trade for an important reason. What is the reason? Answer: it had cities to the North and South; it was centrally located.

25 Why did the Phoenicia become a thriving and wealthy region?

26 Why did the Phoenicia become a thriving and wealthy region? Answer: Phoenicians sold valuable wood and purple dye to neighboring peoples.

27 In 612 B.C., the Medes and Chaldeans joined forces to do what major accomplishment?

28 In 612 B.C., the Medes and Chaldeans joined forces to do what major accomplishment? Answer: destroy the Assyrian empire and begin the New Babylonian Empire.

29 Why was Hammurabis code special?

30 Why was Hammurabis Code special in ancient history? Answer: It was the first set of written laws.

31 The people of Canaan were forced to leave due to a shortage of food; this is called a _______________.

32 The people of Canaan were forced to leave due to a shortage of food; this is called a _______________. Answer: Famine

33 The Israelites were eventually forced out of their homeland by the Chaldeans, Assyrians, and Romans. This spreading out of people is a ______________.

34 The Israelites were eventually forced out of their homeland by the Chaldeans, Assyrians, and Romans. This spreading out of people is a ______________? Answer: Diaspora

35 Which civilization is known for their accomplishment of creating symbols that represent sounds?

36 Which civilization is known for their accomplishment of creating symbols that represent sounds?. Answer: Phoenicia

37 What did the Babylonians and the Israelites have in common?

38 What did the Babylonians and the Israelites have in common? Answer: They both lived according to a code of laws; one was Hammurabis Laws and one followed the laws of the Torah.

39 What major contribution was made by the Assyrians? What about the Phoenicians?

40 What major contribution was made by the Assyrians? What about the Phoenicians. Answer: The Assyrians were fierce warriors who invented the battering ram. The Phoenicians invented the alphabet and established a sea trading empire.

41 The people of Mesopotamia benefited from the geography of their region in what ways?

42 The people of Mesopotamia benefited from the geography of their region in what ways? Answer: rivers provided fertile soil, water for food, building materials, transportation and trade routes. Deserts and mountains acted as protection.

43 Nebuchadnezzar was the king of what empire? What was his legacy?

44 Nebuchadnezzar was the king of what empire? What was his legacy? Answer: New Babylonia


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