2 Who/What Am I?This former slave was an abolitionist and writer. Wrote an autobiography of his life and also The North StarFrederick Douglass
3 Who/What Am I?I set out in 1492 to discover a water route to the spice treasures of India. Instead I discovered a new world. Who am I?Christopher Columbus
4 Who/What Am I?Jobs, electricity, and entertainment were reasons why people did what?Main reasons why people moved to cities in the late 1800’s.Urbanization
5 Who/What Am I?This was caused by drought and over farming.Dust Bowl
6 Who/What Am I?This was created to help slaves escape to freedom in the North.Underground Railroad
7 Who/What Am I?Which amendment freed the slaves?13th
8 Who/What Am I?I wrote The Jungle. Who am I?Upton Sinclair
9 Who/What Am I?This amendment gave women the right to vote.19th
10 Who/What Am I?This land was bought for 15 million dollars and doubled the size of the United States.Louisiana Purchase
11 Who/What Am I?I wrote the Declaration of Independence, was the 3rd President, and bought the Louisiana Purchase. Who am I?Thomas Jefferson
12 Who/What Am I? Sacco-Vanzetti This case involved two anarchist immigrants that were convicted of murder and tried with little evidence. Protests and appeals failed they were executed in 1927Sacco-Vanzetti
13 Who/What Am I? Ida Tarbell I wrote a book entitled The History of the Standard Oil Company. Who am I?Ida Tarbell
14 Who/What Am I?Which amendment gave former slaves citizenship in the United States?14th
15 Who/What Am I? Muckrakers This is a term for writers who exposed corruption in big businesses in the early 1900’s.Muckrakers
16 Who/What Am I?Which amendment allowed all men including former slaves the right to vote?15th
17 Who/What Am I? Temperance Movement This was the movement to stop the consumption of alcohol in the United States. What is the name of this movement?Temperance Movement
18 Who/What Am I? What were the results of the French and Indian War? The British empire expanded from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and the French were driven out of North AmericaBritish starting to tax Colonists to pay for the war.
19 Who/What Am I?What was the leading industry of Alabama in the early 1900’s.Steel
20 Who/What Am I? George Washington I was Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, Presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention, and 1st President of the United States. Who am I?George Washington
21 Who/What Am I? Federalism This is the term for the sharing of powers between the National and State governments.Federalism
22 Who/What Am I?What were the 11 states that formed the Confederate States of America protesting when they seceded from the Union?States Rights and the ability to keep and hold slaves
23 Who/What Am I? Holocaust Auschwitz and the Nuremburg Trials are associated with what event of World War II?Holocaust
24 Who/What Am I? Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances This is the term where the branches of government have different job functions and do not gain more power than another branch.Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
25 Who/What Am I?What was the first cash crop and the product that saved Jamestown?Tobacco
26 Who/What Am I? D-Day Invasion This Allied invasion took place on June 6, 1944 at Normandy, France. What is it?D-Day Invasion
27 Who/What Am I?What was the final battle of the Revolutionary War and forced the British to surrender?Yorktown
28 Who/What Am I?What was Germany required to pay after World War I and what were they to accept?Reparations (Payments for war damages) and blame for starting the war
29 Who/What Am I? Homestead Act What act would give 160 acres to settlers if they agreed to live on the land and farm it for five years?Homestead Act
30 Who/What Am I? Martin Luther I posted the 95 Point Thesis on the church door of Wittenburg in protest of the sale of indulgences and church practices. Who am I?Martin Luther
31 Who/What Am I?What amendment allowed for the direct election of senators by the people instead of by the state legislatures?17th
32 Who/What Am I? Compromise of 1850 This compromise allowed California to be admitted as a free state and created a new Fugitive Slave ActCompromise of 1850
33 Who/What Am I? Clayton Anti-trust Act What anti-trust act did Woodrow Wilson get passed?Clayton Anti-trust Act
34 Who/What Am I? Great Awakening What movement in the colonies in the 1740’s made people start to have a stronger devotion to God? It was led by Jonathon Edwards and his sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.Great Awakening
35 Who/What Am I? TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) What part of Roosevelt’s New Deal created a part to build dams in the South to generate electricity in the rural South?TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)
36 Who/What Am I? No taxation without representation What term was created by James Otis in response to British taxation?No taxation without representation
37 Who/What Am I? What was the main food source of the Plains Indians? Buffalo
38 Who/What Am I? What battle was the first shots of the Civil War? Fort Sumter
39 Who/What Am I? Rough Riders This group of volunteers was led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War.Rough Riders
40 Who/What Am I? Spanish-American War The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine and Yellow Journalism led to the United States involvement in what?Spanish-American War
41 Who/What Am I? To preserve the Union What was Lincoln’s main goal during the Civil War?To preserve the Union
42 Who/What Am I? What treaty ended the Revolutionary War? Treaty of Paris 1783
43 Who/What Am I? Populist Movement This movement was created by farmers that called for more coining of silver, regulation of railroad fares, and government regulation of farm prices.Populist Movement
44 Who/What Am I? What led to the rush of settlers to California? Gold Rush
45 Who/What Am I?What part of the New Deal by Franklin Roosevelt led to the regulation of United States banks?F.D.I.C.
46 Who/What Am I?Who gave the famous speech “Give me Liberty or give me Death.” Why did he give that speech?Patrick Henry in response to the upcoming Revolutionary War
47 Who/What Am I?Name three people who are most associated with the Enlightenment?John Locke, Montesquieu, and Jean Jacques Rousseau
48 Who/What Am I? Monroe Doctrine What document created by James Monroe closed the Western Hemisphere to further colonization to European powers?Monroe Doctrine
49 Who/What Am I?What did Abraham Lincoln suspend at the start of the Civil War?Writ of Habeas Corpus
50 Who/What Am I?This person was a Robber Baron, believed in the Gospel of Wealth and leader in the Steel Industry.Andrew Carnegie
51 Who/What Am I? Valley Forge This is where George Washington camped the Continental Army during the winter ofValley Forge
52 Who/What Am I?What amendment allows for freedom of religion and speech?1st
53 Who/What Am I? William C. Gorgas This person developed the cure for Yellow Fever during the building of the Panama CanalWilliam C. Gorgas
54 Who/What Am I? 1920’s Roaring Twenties This time period is most associated with Flappers, Prohibition, and the Jazz Age. What decade is this?1920’sRoaring Twenties
55 Who/What Am I? What led to the settlement of the West? Barbed Wire and the Transcontinental Railroad
56 Who/What Am I? Work in jobs traditionally held by men What did women do to help the war effort during World War IIWork in jobs traditionally held by men
57 Who/What Am I? Declaration of Independence What document states the Natural Rights of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness?Declaration of Independence
58 Who/What Am I?What part of Roosevelt’s New Deal gave pensions to the elderly?Social Security Act
59 Who/What Am I? Gettysburg Address What speech by Abraham Lincoln was given during the consecration of the Gettysburg National Cemetery?Gettysburg Address
60 Who/What Am I?What two items did George Washington warn against during his Farewell Address?Avoid foreign alliances and avoid political parties
61 Who/What Am I? Hiroshima Where did the United States drop the first atomic bomb?Hiroshima
62 Who/What Am I?Read the following excerpt from The Federalist #8.“If we should be disunited or, which is more probable, should be thrown together into two or three confederacies, we should be in the predicament of the continental powers of Europe—our liberties would be prey to the means of defending ourselves against the ambition and jealousy of each other.”What point does Hamilton convey in this passage?He wants strong unity among the states so that there is no hostility among them.
63 Who/What Am I?During World War II, Americans were asked to conserve food and fuel in a policy known as…Rationing
64 Who/What Am I? Manhattan Project What was the top secret project to create the atomic bomb?Manhattan Project
66 Who/What Am I?After this battle, Japan was not able to launch any more offensive operations in the Pacific. What was the name of this battle?Midway
67 Who/What Am I? Declaration of Independence Which document begins with the following passage?“When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal...”Declaration of Independence
68 The above cartoon was created in 1861. What does it depict? The South leaving the Union through secession.
69 Which constitutional amendment most directly applies to the map?
70 Who/What Am I?“In detail our demands are clear and unequivocal. First, we would vote...Second, We want discrimination in public accommodation to cease...Third, We claim the right of freemen to walk, talk, and be with them that wish to be with us...Fourth, We want the laws enforced against rich as well as poor; against Capitalist as well as Laborer; against white as well as black.”In 1906, W.E.B. DuBois delivered the Niagara Movement Speech. What issues did he want the nation to address?African American right to vote should be exercised; no more discrimination against African Americans; African Americans allowed to interact with all humankind; laws enforced fairly and equitably
71 Woodrow Wilson’s Presidency What was the Clayton Anti-Trust Act designed to do?The Clayton Anti-Trust Act was implemented to break up monopolies. It also made unions legal.
72 Who/What Am I?Because of U.S. involvement with Spain regarding Cuba in the late 1800’s, over what other territories did the U.S. gain control?Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines ($20 million purchase)
73 Woodrow Wilson’s Presidency What was purpose of the Federal Reserve System?Congress changed the banking industry by establishing the Federal Reserve System. This provided the nation with a safer, more flexible money supply and controlled money in circulation
74 Who/What Am I?What does the term yellow journalism mean? How did it play a major role in the Spanish American War?Two newspaper publishers (Hearst and Pulitzer) saw the conflict with Spain as a way to sell more newspapers. They played upon American patriotism by printing anti-Spanish stories. An example of this was their reports of Spanish brutality against Cubans, but not reports of Cuban brutality against the Spanish.
75 Woodrow Wilson’s Presidency What was the purpose of the Federal Trade Commission?The Federal Trade Commission required fair competition among businesses. This commission also monitored business.
76 Woodrow Wilson’s Presidency What part of the Treaty of Versailles was rejected by the United States Congress for fear that it would place the U.S. in more European affairs?League of Nations
77 Who/What Am I?List new technologies and methods that changed the way World War I was fought.Poison gas, trench warfare, machine guns, airplanes, submarines, tanks
78 Who/What Am I?The United States entered World War I in What were the precipitating incidents that led the United States to abandon isolationism?Sinking of the LusitaniaZimmerman NoteUnrestricted German submarine warfare
79 Who/What Am I?The Spanish-American War (1898) was a struggle for Cuba’s independence from Spain. Why would the United States be interested in Cuba’s independence?Americans sympathized with the Cuban population because of human rights issues, American business interests, and American military interests.
80 Who/What Am I? What was the Harlem Renaissance? After WWI, African Americans had more opportunities to express their heritage through literature, art, and music. This period became known as the Harlem Renaissance. It began when groups of African Americans gathered in Harlem (a part of New York City) during the 1920’s to discuss social and cultural aspects of African American life.
81 Who/What Am I?Name two authors who contributed to the literature of the Harlem Renaissance.Examples include Zora Neale Hurston, Countee Cullen, and Langston Hughes.
82 Who/What Am I?The Great Depression occurred after the stock market crash of What were some reasons for the stock market crash?Wages and consumer spending increased in the 1920’sStock prices roseSpeculationIn October 1929, buying craze dwindled followed by wilder selling crazeMany banks speculated in stock marketStock prices dropped as investors tried to sell
83 Who/What Am I? What was the Red Scare? A nationwide fear of communists, socialists, and anarchists spread throughout America after the end of World War I.
84 Who/What Am I?Why did the United States limit immigration into the United States in the 1920’s?During the 1920’s, large numbers of immigrants came to the United States from eastern and southern Europe. The United States government limited the number of immigrants allowed into the country because Americans were fearful that these immigrants would take jobs away from citizens. Asian immigration was completely banned.
85 Who/What Am I?How did African American migration to the North contribute to the Harlem Renaissance?Unemployment and racism in the South resulted in African American migration to the North. This allowed more African Americans to contribute to the movement.
86 Who/What Am I? What was the goal of the Civilian Conservation Corps? created many jobs for the unemployed through public works projects
87 Who/What Am I? What was the Jazz Age? How was it related to blues? Jazz music has roots in African American culture and experienced a surge of popularity in the 1920’s. The Jazz Age followed the increased popularity of blues music earlier in the 20th century. Both types of music influenced one another. W.C. Handy, an Alabama native, was known as “the Father of Blues.”
88 Who/What Am I?What was the goal of the Agricultural Adjustment Act? (AAA)paid subsidies to farmers not to plant certain crops to help the price of crops to increase
89 Who/What Am I?The U.S. Constitution was written to address the flaws in the Articles of Confederation. What were some of the problems with the Articles of Confederation?Some people thought there was a need for a stronger central government. The states were experiencing economic hardships, and inflation caused dissention within the states. Regulation of commerce was also needed.
90 Who/What Am I?What conditions led to the formation of the labor movement and the rise of unionism during the Industrial Revolution?low wages, frequent layoffs, long working hours, unsafe working conditions
91 Who/What Am I?The Underground Railroad reached its peak from 1830 to What was the Underground Railroad?The Underground Railroad was a network of aid and assistance to fugitives escaping from slavery. Many sympathetic Americans played a role in helping slaves escape to freedom in the North and in Canada.
92 Who/What Am I? A change or addition to the Constitution is ________. Amendment
93 Who/What Am I?Southern states began to secede from the Union in List some reasons for secession.Election of Abraham LincolnFederal laws that had negative effects on Southern economyTariffsSouthern states favored a right to nullificationIssues over slavery
94 Who/What Am I?South Carolina was the first state to secede, and six more states followed soon after. Alabama was one of those states. One county in Alabama did not secede. What was the name of the county? Which Southern state split on the issue of secession, and what happened to that state?Winston County, Alabama never seceded.The western counties of Virginia did not want to secede so Virginia split into two states, Virginia and West Virginia
95 Who/What Am I? Which five rights are listed in the Bill of Rights? Freedom of speechFreedom of the pressFreedom of religionThe abolition of slaveryRights of a person accused of a crimeThe right of 18-year-olds to voteThe right to keep and bear armsThe right of women to vote1, 2, 3, 5, 7
96 Who/What Am I? What was Radical Reconstruction? Radical Reconstruction included the Civil Rights Act of 1865, which defined citizenship and outlawed discrimination because of race. Newly freed slaves, Northern carpetbaggers, and Southern scalawags supported radical governments formed in Southern states.
97 Who/What Am I? Explain Social Darwinism. Social Darwinists believed that government programs to help the poor were a mistake. The fit would survive, and others must perish.
98 Who/What Am I?When was the Declaration of Independence signed1776
99 Who/What Am I?After the French and Indian War the British Parliament forced taxes on the colonists. How did the colonists view these taxes?The British forced numerous tax acts upon the colonists including the Stamp Act and the Tea Act. Colonists believed these additional taxes were unfair. Colonists objected to taxation without representation. The Boston Tea Party was a result of the objections to taxes.
100 Who/What Am I? Whatcenturyr did the Protestant Reformation start? 16th Century
101 Who/What Am I?What were Japanese Relocation Centers? Why were they created?In 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt signed an executive order that sent over 120,000 Americans of Japanese heritage to camps in the American West. Each camp was surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards. The camps were established because people of Japanese ancestry were perceived as potential threats to the American war effort after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor
103 Who/What Am I?When was the Magna Carta signed?1215
104 Who/What Am I?What year was the Mayflower Compact signed?1620
105 Who/What Am I?When did the Stock Market crash?October 29, 1929
106 Who/What Am I?What was the date of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?December 7, 1941
107 Who/What Am I? Term for when one wins an election by a huge margin Landslide
108 Who/What Am I?What was the date of the 1st atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima?August 6, 1945
109 Who/What Am I?This method of buying stock focused on buying stocks on margin.Stock Market Speculation
110 Who/What Am I? Who was President at the start of the Great Depression? Herbert Hoover
111 Who/What Am I?Nickname for the tent and shack communities where many homeless people lived.Hoovervilles
112 Who/What Am I?What the stock market is called when the prices are risingBull Market
113 Who/What Am I?What was the name of the long period of high unemployment and increased poverty in the 1930’s and early 1940’sGreat Depression
114 Who/What Am I?The name of the stock market when the prices are fallingBear market
115 Who/What Am I?A series of federal policies and programs instituted in 1932 to boost the economy and put unemployed people to work was known as…The New Deal
116 Who/What Am I? The three R’s on which the New Deal was based Relief, Recovery, and Reform
117 Who/What Am I?This act was created to monitor unfair business practices.National Labor Relations Act 1935
118 Who/What Am I?Provided employment for unmarried men between ages of They worked in the national parks installing electric lines, building fire towers, and planting trees.Civilian Conservation Corps
119 Who/What Am I?Established to insure depositors up to $100,000 in case of bank failure. Intended to prevent people from causing a run on the banks.Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) 1933
120 Who/What Am I?Established to provide jobs for unskilled workers. At one time it employed one-third of the nation, and constructed many government buildings during the 1930's.Works Progress Administration (WPA) 1935
121 Who/What Am I?In these broadcasts, President Roosevelt spoke directly to the nation in order to bypass the press.Fireside Chats
122 Who/What Am I?In what city was Hitler's invasion of Russia stopped, causing them to turn back?Stalingrad
123 Who/What Am I?What is the name of the policy on the home front to limit the use of important materials?Rationing
124 Who/What Am I?What is the name of the agreement between Germany & Russia to be allies at the start of WWII?Non-Aggression Pact
125 Who/What Am I? Name the Prime Minister of the U.K. during WWII. Winston Churchill
126 Who/What Am I?Who was the dictator of USSR during WWII?Joseph Stalin
127 Who/What Am I? This country helped to start WWII by invading Manchuria Japan
128 Who/What Am I?Mussolini coined this name for the alliance between Italy, Germany, & Japan.Axis Powers
129 Who/What Am I? The name for mass-killing of Jews and others in WWII. Holocaust
130 Who/What Am I? Who led Operation Overlord that invaded Europe? Dwight D. Eisenhower
131 Who/What Am I?The dictator of Italy during WWII.Benito Mussolini
132 Who/What Am I?What general helped stop the problem of yellow fever by digging the Panama Canal?William C. Gorgas
133 Who/What Am I?Give the name for the journalists who sensationalized their stories.Yellow Journalism
134 Who/What Am I?Match the Revolutionary War sites with the correct description.A) SaratogaB) Valley ForgeC) Yorktown1. George Washington’s troops stayed here during the winter of2. This was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War. It was here that Cornwallis surrendered to Washington.3. This battle was the turning point in the Revolutionary War because France became America’s ally.1) B 2) C 3) A
135 Who/What Am I? 1) D 2) F 3) E 4) B 5) C 6) A Match: A. First Battle of Bull RunB. Battle of VicksburgC. Battle of GettysburgD. Sherman’s March to the SeaE. Gettysburg AddressF. Appomattox Court House1) Union general captured Atlanta and continued to Savannah destroying everything in his path,2) General Robert E. Lee surrendered here, 18653) Lincoln’s speech dedicating a cemetery, 18634) Battle that cut off parts of the South when the Union gained control of the Mississippi River, 18635) Major three-day battle in Pennsylvania lost by Confederacy, 18636) First major battle of the Civil War, 18611) D 2) F 3) E 4) B 5) C 6) A
136 Who/What Am I? Lincoln’s plan: 1, 3 Congressional plan: 2, 4 Which statements belong to Lincoln’s plan for the reconstruction of the south, and which belong to the Congressional plan?1. granted amnesty to any Confederate who supportsConstitution2. pass the Wade-Davis Bill which required 50% of state’s male voters to take oath that they never voluntarily supported Confederacy3. state’s government must abolish slavery to begranted executive recognition4. military governors to rule Southern statesLincoln’s plan: 1, 3Congressional plan: 2, 4
137 Who/What Am I? What was Radical Reconstruction? Radical Reconstruction included the Civil Rights Act of 1865, which defined citizenship and outlawed discrimination because of race. Newly freed slaves, Northern carpetbaggers, and Southern scalawags supported radical governments formed in Southern states.
138 Social ProblemPopulismProgressivismurban reformsinterested in rural life; no urban reform programsought better police protection; improved utilities and sanitation; battled corruption in city hallconserva-tioninterested as it pertained to agriculturesought preservation of natural resources and wilderness areasbusiness regulation and anti-trust legislationsought greater regulation of big business; supported tariff reduction, income tax over property tax, and government ownership of infrastructuresought greater regulation of big business and opposed tariff reformeducationsupported free public education funded by tax dollarssupported free public education funded by tax dollars; promoted Dewey’s approach to educationchild laborsought to limit hours and age
139 Who/What Am I? List and explain the four major causes of World War I. Nationalism – Pride and devotion to one’s nation created competition and hatred among nations.Imperialism – A strong country dominating a weaker region for its own gain - Great Britain, France, Germany, and Italy competed for colonies in Asia and Africa.Militarism – The buildup of military forces to protect colonies and prepare for warAlliance System – In order to protect themselves European nations formed alliances. The Triple Alliance was made up of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy. The Triple Entente included Great Britain, France, and Russia.
140 Who/What Am I? What document formally ended World War I? Treaty of Versailles
141 Who/What Am I? What was the primary goal of the League of Nations? Did the U.S. join?The League of Nations would unite the nations of the world to ensure peace and security for all members. No, the U.S. did not join. Many Americans wanted to remain isolated from problems in Europe.
142 Who/What Am I?The dictator of Germany during WWII.Adolph Hitler
143 Who/What Am I? 1) What countries were the Allies in World War II? 2) What countries were the Axis in World War II?1) United States, Great Britain, U.S.S.R., and France2) Germany, Japan, Italy
144 Who/What Am I? Who were the Central Powers during World War I Germany Austria-HungaryOttoman Empire
145 Who/What Am I? Who were the Allied Powers during World War I Britain FranceRussiaUnited States
146 Who/What Am I?1. Led by W.E.B. Du Bois2. Believed that vocational education was more valuable to African Americans than social advantages or political office3. Called for full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans4. Forerunner of NAACP5. Supported by Booker T. WashingtonA. Atlanta Compromise B. Niagara Movement1. B2. A3. B4. B5. A6. B7. A
147 Who/What Am I? 1. C, AA 2. B, CC 3. A, BB Match each event to its place and date.1. Use of atomic bomb ended World War II2. Attack brought U.S. into World War II3. Attack started World War II in EuropeA. PolandB. Pearl Harbor, HawaiiC. Hiroshima and NagasakiAABBCC1. C, AA2. B, CC3. A, BB
148 Who/What Am I?This perversion of a biological theory was used to justify bad business practices and Imperialism.Social Darwinism
149 Who/What Am I?This addition to the Monroe Doctrine said U.S. could protect bankrupt Western Hemisphere countries.Roosevelt Corollary
150 Who/What Am I? These were used in WWII to help finance the war War Bonds
151 The President of the U.S. during much of World War II Franklin Roosevelt
152 Which group of people were placed in internment camps during WWII in America? Japanese Americans
153 The name of the German secret police during Nazi rule. Gestapo
154 This military operation was the first major victory for the Allies in WWII at North Africa. Operation Torch
155 The joint-invasion of this country by Germany & Russia starts World War II. Poland
156 This plane dropped the first atomic bomb. Enola Gay
157 This meeting adopted appeasement towards Hitler's land claim in order to avoid war. Munich Conference
158 This was started by Andrew Jackson This was started by Andrew Jackson. It rewarded people who supported a certain political party. What is this called?Spoils System