Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech Review (Nouns and Pronouns). Nouns Nouns A Noun is a word used to NAME … People Places Things Ideas students, Ms. Clements, friends, adults."— Presentation transcript:
Parts of Speech Review (Nouns and Pronouns)
Nouns Nouns A Noun is a word used to NAME … People Places Things Ideas students, Ms. Clements, friends, adults. school, Buckhorn High, the park, Heaven. pencil, Kellogg's Frosted Flakes. justice, hunger, jealousy, religion.
There is a noun to name every tiny difference in meaning, and it helps your ability to communicate, if you can choose the EXACT noun to convey your PRECISE meaning.
Nouns Nouns Types of Nouns: Common are ordinary objects that we see, smell, feel, touch, hear, taste, or sense in some way. Proper are specific places, things, or people. They require a Capital Letter.
Nouns Nouns Types of Nouns: Concrete names a person, place, thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses. yogurt, fire, pencil Abstract used to name feelings, qualities or states of being. joy, love, self-control
Nouns Nouns Types of Nouns: Compound Uses two or more words together to name a person, place, thing, or idea. One word- checkbook Separate- high school Hyphenated- mother-in-law Collective Names a group of people, animals, or things. Flock, cluster, jury
SINGULAR means only ONE of something; PLURAL means more than one. Most nouns form their plural by simply adding -s to the singular form BUT, watch out because some little trouble-makers insist on being different.
PRONOUNS A Pronoun is a word which can take the place of one or more nouns. Neglecting to match the pronoun to its correct antecedent can lead to confusing results. A pronouns antecedent is the word that the pronoun takes the place of.
PRONOUNS If your children do not like raw carrots, you should boil them for several minutes. What is this sentence really saying?
Pronoun/Antecedent Mario borrowed a car from Mr. Jones. He will return it tomorrow. Several of the students eat lunch because they love the lunchroom food. Pony Boy and Soda love pizza. They could eat it everyday.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS Personal Pronouns - these pronouns refer to PERSONS and there are three classes –First Person - is the person speaking Examples include: I, me, my, we, us, our
PERSONAL PRONOUNS –Second Person - is the person to whom you speak Examples include: you, your –Third Person - is the person being spoken about Examples include: he, she, they, them, him, her; or thing: it
PERSONAL PRONOUNS I hope that you can help me with my homework. He said that they would meet us outside the theater.
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun refers to the subject of a sentence and functions as a complement or as an object of preposition. –Example: Jim Bob wrote a note to himself. An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent. –Example: Cattie herself wrote the school paper.
Reflexive and Intensive First Person: Myself, Ourselves Second Person: Yourself, Yourselves Third Person: Himself, Herself, Itself, Themselves
Reflexive and Intensive Examples My little brother can tie his shoes by himself. Carlos himself will perform the song on American Idol. I will continue to commit myself to my homework. Have you ever climbed a mountain yourself?
Types of PRONOUNS Possessive Pronouns - are those which indicate possession. Examples include: MY car, YOUR house, OUR holiday, ITS kennel, THEIR decision
Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns - point out things or persons which are different (they DEMONSTRATE differences) SingularPlural thisthese thatthose
Demonstrative Pronoun Examples This is my favorite Carrie Underwood song. The cookies I made today taste better than these.
Interrogative Pronouns An interrogative pronoun introduces a question. What Which Who Whom Whose
Interrogative Pronouns What is the answer to the question? Whose jacket is this? Which one is mine?
Relative Pronouns A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause. That, Which, Who, Whom, Whose –SUBORDINATE (or dependent) CLAUSE does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a sentence. –that we had collected –when he proofread the essay.
Relative Pronouns The house that you saw is a historic landmark. Cher is the woman who is running for mayor.
Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun refers to a person, a place, a thing, or an idea that may or may not be specifically named. Alleach othermost one another Anothereithermuch other Any everybodyneitherseveral Anybodyeveryone nobodysome Anyone everythingnonesomebody Anythingfew no onesomeone Both many nothing something Eachmore one such
Indefinite Pronouns I have packed everything I need for the trip. Has anyone seen my car keys? Most of the presents are for my cousin Caleb.
GRAMMAR WORKBOOK RACE In groups of two or three (on your own paper) do pages 5 and 6. First group done and all correct will win candy.