Presentation on theme: "The Modern Age 1910-1930. Historical, Social, and Cultural Forces World War I Began in 1914 Allies v. Central Powers U.S. joined war in 1917 (Lusitania)"— Presentation transcript:
The Modern Age
Historical, Social, and Cultural Forces World War I Began in 1914 Allies v. Central Powers U.S. joined war in 1917 (Lusitania) Allies won November 11, million soldiers died
Historical, Social, and Cultural Forces Roaring Twenties U.S. soldiers returning home Booming economy Jazz Late night parties Flappers Prohibition Gangsters (Al Capone)
Historical, Social, and Cultural Forces Womens Rights 19 th Amendment passed in 1920 Better job opportunities and military opportunities Great Migration African Americans left the rural South for the North. Better jobs and living conditions Harlem, New York was a popular place to relocate.
Historical, Social, and Cultural Forces Pop Culture Automobiles (1913) Radios (1920) Movies (Talkies- 1927) Baseball (Babe Ruth) The Great Depression Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash By 1933 a quarter of the population was unemployed
Modern Poetry Characteristics Make it new: break away from traditional poetry Imagist movement: Direct presentation of images Breaking the rules: Ignored all writing rules
Modern Poetry Poets Ezra Pound T.S. Eliot William Carlos Williams Amy Lowell E.E. Cummings Carl Sandburg Robert Frost
The Imagists Imagist presented a concrete tangible image that appears frozen in time. Imagist method is similar to photography
Imagist Principles/Manifestos The image is the essence, the raw material, of poetry. Poetry should be expressed in brief, clear, concrete language that forms precise images. Images should convey poems meaning and emotion. Language should sound like simple speech. Topics should not be high-minded or poetic. No topic is unsuitable.
Modern Fiction The Modern American Short Story Modern writers experimented with new ways of capturing the rich complexity of human life and responded to a world that was starting over after World War I.
Modern Fiction Important Authors Sherwood Anderson Ernest Hemingway* F. Scott Fitzgerald* Henry James Katherine Anne Porter*
Modern Fiction Stream of Consciousness A reoccurring element in modern American fiction. William James (brother of author Henry James) an American psychologist coined the phrase in He believed that people had a constant stream of thoughts that flow through their minds without clear logic order.
Modern Fiction Stream of Consciousness Story Elements First person point of view Lack of conventional sentence structure or grammar Free associations that flow through a characters mind and link distinctly separate events. Interior monologue
Modern Fiction The Lost Generation Many writers left the United States during this period and established new lives in Europe. International perspective contrasted with the regionalism that dominated literature following the Civil War. Themes of change, indecision, and broken attachments dominate modern fiction.
Modern Fiction Features of the Modern Short Story Understatement (de-emphasis on the importance of something or someone) Irony (contrast between appearance and reality) Stream of Consciousness Antiheroes (conflicted characters engulfed by indecision) Everyday settings Themes of instability and loss Plots without clear climax or resolution
Harlem Renaissance Represented the coming of age of the African American culture. Influenced by jazz music. The music was largely improvisational/spontaneous. Jazz inspired a an energetic social life and filled the clubs.
Harlem Renaissance The Neighborhood Harlem became a main destination during the great migration. It was a haven for African Americans. They were able to escape the restrictions in Harlem.
Important Writers Zora Neale Hurston Claude McKay * Robert Hughes Langston Hughes* Georgia Douglas Countee Cullen *
Claude McKay Born and educated in rural Jamaica. Won an award for his poetry in He used his prize money to come to the US- the land of opportunity. He was shocked by the racisim and violence he found in the US. His poem If We Must Die is said to be the spark that ignited the Harlem Renissance. Spent most of his life looking for ways to counter the ignoble cruelty of racism.
Langston Hughes Born in Joplin Missouri in 1902 Traveled around the U.S. and lived in six different cities by the time he was 12. His writing celebrated the dignity of ordinary, working-class African Americans. His poetry helped many people to look past stereotypical views of African Americans. He is considered the poet laureate of Harlem.