Presentation on theme: "Remember Roanoke! Melissa Knowles. King James In 1607, I granted the Virginia company of London the ability to begin another settlement. Of course, I."— Presentation transcript:
Remember Roanoke! Melissa Knowles
King James In 1607, I granted the Virginia company of London the ability to begin another settlement. Of course, I did get the settlement named after me!!
The Virginia Company???? The Virginia Company was a group of wealthy Englishmen who wished to invest their money in a profit- making venture. Their motives were both financial and patriotic. They expected to open new lands for exploration, use the resources of the New World for industry and to develop new employment opportunities for English workers. They also hoped to find the same riches that the Spanish had been bringing home from other parts of the New World. The English were still looking for another way to bring spices to England from the Orient, and they planned to convert the Native Americans to Christianity.
We must be prepared The investors planned the settlement, purchasing supplies, acquiring the ships, gathering the settlers and choosing the leaders. A sealed letter was sent to be read upon arrival which named the officers of the settlement.
You will be on one of these ships The Virginia company sent 3 ships to settle Virginia. Susan Constant Discovery Godspeed
All Aboard! Specifications: Length Overall: 116 Beam: Draft: 11 9 Mast Height: 95 Sail Area: 3,902 square feet Year Built: tons burden Christopher Newport, Captain 54 passengers and 17 crew, est. SUSAN CONSTANT
All Aboard! Specifications: Length Overall: 88 Beam: 17 Draft: 7 Mast Height: 71 6 Sail Area: 2,420 square feet Year Built: tons burden Bartholomew Gosnold, Captain 39 passengers and 13 crew, est. GODSPEED
All Aboard Specifications: Length Overall: 66 Beam: Draft: 6 6 Mast Height: 59 Sail Area: 1,160 square feet Year Built: tons burden John Ratcliffe, Captain 12 passengers and 9 crew, est. DISCOVERY
Bonus Question How many total people were on the three ships? Susan Constant: 1 captain, 54 passengers and 17 crew Godspeed: 1 captain, 39 passengers and 13 crew Discovery: 1 captain, 12 passengers and 9 crew 147 people
Where is England?
Who were you on the voyage? Get your name and head to the boat. Its Saturday, December 20, 1606, the day we begin our voyage. We wave goodbye to our family and friends as we head down the Thames River in London!
Headed to the ocean or so we thought!
Then a fierce storm occurs!
We stop to get more supplies
And were off at mph!
Sea Life for crew and passengers! Living conditions on the ships were cramped and tedious as the ships carried livestock and a full cargo. The settlers were from a variety of backgrounds including both gentlemen and laborers, which caused tension. They spent a good deal of their time battling sea- sickness, as well as boredom.
Whats to eat! Ships Biscuits Dried Beef Dried Fruit Fresh water that turns bad throughout the voyage On long voyages, much food became spoiled; the biscuit moldy, the meat full of maggots, the beer watery, and water fouled.
At least I have a space to sleep…right? Actually…no Passengers were located in the tween deck with cargo. Passengers needed to crouch down, because there was not room to stand. The straw mattresses must be rotated out.
I NEED the necessary!!! They used a chamber pot that was emptied when the servants had time at the head of the ship.
What is there to do ? Games: Checkers Dominos Playing Cards
Our Voyage Calm weather Hatches are open so we get a breeze. Colonial Air- conditioning!! Aww…indentured servants work We can play games!
While you are listening… Think through the ship boys account Now add to your journal entry to someone back home in London describing the boys activities
Nighttime Lay down to SLEEP if there is room. Noise Rocking boat Hatches are closed Storms a brewing!
Another Morning Comes Rough weather No games played Cold food
Afternoon Bright skies are here again Games can begin
Land Ho! 4 months at sea Captain…open the sealed orders for choosing a site. Enjoy this clip!
Finding the right spot
Open another sealed document Upon arrival, Newport opens the sealed instructions from the Virginia Company of London. They specify a thirteen-man council, among whose members are John Smith; Newport (who returns to England); John Ratcliffe; George Kendall, a cousin of Sir Edwin Sandys; Edward Maria Wingfield; Anthony Gosnold; Richard Hunt, a minister; John Marten and Sir Richard Marten, both related to Julius Caesar, England's Master of the Rolls. This Council elects a president, Edward Maria Wingfield.
How many of each group are here?
Many died in those first few years of starvation, disease, and battle! Only 38 survived the first 6 months.