2(can be direct or indirect) CharacterizationThe methods used by the author to create or reveal the characters in a story.(can be direct or indirect)
3Direct Characterization The method of character development in which the author simply tells you what the character is like. For example, “Miss Alice was the nicest person you would ever want to meet,” is direct characterization.
4Indirect Characterization The method of characterization that is most similar to the way we learn about people in real life. Using indirect characterization, the author presents the character’s personality through what he/she says, his/her actions, or how other characters relate to him/her. You must then draw your own conclusions about the character.
5Example of Direct or Indirect Characterization? Read the following example of characterization. Decide whether it is an example of direct or indirect characterization.(A) James was one of those people who was constantly angry. He looked for trouble wherever he went, and he usually found it.
6Example of Direct or Indirect Characterization? Stanley’s eyes blazed as he surveyed the room. The corners of his mouth pointed in a decidedly southerly direction. Carol moved aside as he stalked past her.“Look out for Stan,” she whispered to Bart. “He’s in another one of his moods. I’d stay far away if I were you!”
7Description A is an example of direct characterization. The author comes right out and tells you that James was always angry, and that he was looking for a fight almost constantly.
8Description B is an example of indirect characterization. We can tell from his angry eyes, frowning mouth and the way he walked that he is angry. We can also see that others are somewhat frightened by him by observing their reactions. Carol moves aside and warns Bart to avoid Stanley.
9Which method is more effective in developing the character Which method is more effective in developing the character? Why do you think so?
10Methods of Characterization creating believable characters… INDIRECTDIRECT-physical appearance-the narrator’s direct comments about a character-speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of the character-speech, thought, feelings, actions of other characters
12Major CharacterThe major (main) character in a story is like the star of a movie and is central to the action that takes place.
13Minor character…A minor character is one who takes part in the action but is not the focus of attention.
14The protagonist (or main character) is the central figure in the work. Types of CharactersThe protagonist (or main character) is the central figure in the work.The antagonist is the character or force pitted against the protagonist.
15More types of characters… A static character does not change through the course of the action.A dynamic character is one who does change.
16Don’t forget the Stock Character… A stock character (stereotype) is one found again and again in literary works. An example of a stock character is that of the mad scientist that appears over and over in different works – such as Dr. Evil, Dr. No, or Dr. Frankenstein.
17A round character is a complex, fully developed character.
18Flat CharacterA flat character is a one-dimensional character, typically not central to the story
19The protagonist is usually… The central characterA character the reader can identify withHas a rounded personality (we hear what they say, what others say about them, we know what they think and how they feel)A character with a dynamic personality
21Character MotivationA motive is a reason that explains or partially explains a character’s thoughts, feelings, actions, or speech. If the motives of a main character are not clear, then the character will not be believable.Characters are often motivated by needs, such as food and shelter. They are also motivated by feelings, such as fear, love, and pride. Motives may be obvious or hidden.
22Character’s Qualities or Traits The personal traits that make up the character’s personality.
23DialogueDialogue is a conversation between two or more people. Dialogue is usually set off by quotation marks to indicate a speaker’s exact words.