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Graduation, Completion, and Dropout Data Accountability Policy Advisory Committee and Accountability Technical Advisory Committee Joint Meeting March 5, 2012 Accountability Research Division of Research and Analysis Texas Education Agency Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 1
Table of Contents Statutory requirements for leaver indicators in state accountability Dropout definition Annual dropout rates Longitudinal rates Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 2
Statutory requirements for leaver indicators in state accountability TEC 39.053(c) (2) dropout rates, including dropout rates and district completion rates for grade levels 9 through 12, computed in accordance with standards and definitions adopted by the National Center for Education Statistics of the United States Department of Education; and (3) high school graduation rates, computed in accordance with standards and definitions adopted in compliance with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (20 U.S.C. Section 6301 et seq.). Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved.3
Exclusions required by TEC 39.053(g-1) House Bill (HB) 3, 81 st Legislative Session, defined certain exclusions that the agency must make when calculating dropout and completion rates for state performance ratings. The exclusions are: – Students previously reported as dropouts; – Students not eligible for state funding; – Students court-ordered to GED programs, GEDs not earned; – Students incarcerated as adults in state jails or federal penitentiaries; – Students whose initial enrollment in U.S. schools was in grades 7-12 as unschooled refugees and asylees; and – Students detained in county detention facilities. Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 4
Dropout definition A dropout is a student who attends Grade 7-12 in a public school in a particular school year, does not return the following fall, is not expelled, and does not: graduate, receive a General Educational Development certificate (GED), continue school outside the public school system, begin college, or die. Note. SB186, 78th Legislature, directed districts to collect data consistent with the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) dropout definition beginning in 2005-06. The 2010-11 school year was the sixth year the definition was in effect. Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 5
Annual dropout rates Definition: The percentage of students who drop out of school during one school year. Can be calculated by grade level and by grade span. For example, grades 7-8, grades 9-12, and grades 7-12. Calculation: number of students who dropped out during the school year number of students enrolled during the school year Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 6
Longitudinal rates Completion rate A completion rate is the percentage of students from a class of beginning ninth graders who complete their high school education by the anticipated graduation date. The cohort includes students who transfer into Texas public schools during the second, third, and fourth years. A completer may be defined as a student who graduates, continues high school in the fall after expected graduation, or receives a GED. Graduation rate A graduation rate is the percentage of students from the same class who graduate by the anticipated graduation date. Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 7
Longitudinal rate calculations Completion I rate graduates + continuers graduates + continuers + GED recipients + dropouts Completion II rate graduates + continuers + GED recipients graduates + continuers + GED recipients + dropouts Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved.8
Longitudinal rate calculations (continued) Graduation rate graduates graduates + continuers + GED recipients + dropouts Longitudinal dropout rate dropouts graduates + continuers + GED recipients + dropouts Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved.9
Longitudinal completion rate calculations (continued) Four-year rates: Based on tracking of students for four years and into the fall of the fifth year. In 2012, TEA will calculate four-year completion rates for the class of 2011. These are rates for students who began ninth grade in 2007-08. Five-year rates: Based on tracking of students for five years and into the fall of the sixth year. In 2012, TEA will calculate five-year completion rates for the class of 2010. These are rates for students who began ninth grade in 2006-07. Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 10
Uses of longitudinal rates for federal accountability The graduation rate is used for federal accountability. Four-year and five-year graduation rates have been approved by U.S.D.E. for use in federal adequate yearly progress evaluations. Definition: The graduation rate calculated for federal accountability follows federal guidelines. The exclusions from rates calculated for state accountability required by House Bill 3 (TEC 39.053(g-1)) do not apply to rates calculated for federal accountability (AYP). Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. 11
Exclusions required by TEC 39.053(g-1) HB 3 required use of the NCES dropout definition until 2011- 12. The 2011-12 effective date means students who attend in 2010-11 and 2010-11 leavers submitted by districts in the 2011-12 year. The 2010-11 annual dropout rates and the class of 2011 longitudinal rates are the first rates affected by this statute. No longer alignment between rates calculated for the state and federal accountability systems. Copyright © Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved.12
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