Presentation on theme: "LGMS 7th Grade – Life Science Tuesday, September 8, 2015"— Presentation transcript:
1 LGMS 7th Grade – Life Science Tuesday, September 8, 2015
2 StandardsS7L1bAt the end of this lesson, you will be able to classify organisms into one of the six kingdoms based on physical characteristics.
3 Overview Lesson Title: 6 Kingdoms Lesson Description: This lesson will introduce the six kingdoms and will provide descriptions and examples of each.
4 RationalIt is important for you to know this information because as we move through our study of ecology, you will begin to see how organisms, no matter their kingdom, depend on one another for basic needs in order to survive.
5 Essential QuestionHow can learning about the six kingdoms help us better understand our world?
6 Prior LearningYou recently learned what an organism is and the characteristics of all living things. You will now apply what you have already learned to gain a better understanding of the physical characteristics of each of the six kingdoms.Click here for a preview:
7 Archaebacteria Structural organization: Unicellular, prokaryotic How energy is obtained: Producers, consumers, or decomposersExamples: thermophiles, halophiles, methanogensOther info:Live in hostile places where other organisms cannot survive – hot springs, salty, acidic environments3 Categories – salt-, heat-, and acid-loversSome are methane producers – are anaerobicArchae means “old” – oldest known organisms on Earth
8 ArchaebacteriaHot Springs of Yellowstone National ParkHalobacteria
9 Eubacteria Structural organization: Unicellular, prokaryotic How energy is obtained: Producers, consumers, or decomposersExamples: cynobacteria, gram positiveOther info:Most common – live in water, soil, inside and on human body; can be harmful or helpfulLarger of 2 bacteria kingdomsGrouped according the cell shape and structure
11 ProtistaStructural organization: Most unicellular, some multicellular, eukaryoticHow energy is obtained: Producers, consumers, or decomposersExamples: 3 categories:plant-like (algae – producers)animal-like, (protozoans – consumers)fungus-like (slime molds – decomposers)Other info:Evolved from bacteria about 2 billion years agoClick here for more info:
13 FungiStructural organization: Multicellular or unicellular, eukaryoticHow energy is obtained: Heterotrophs (decomposers) – get food from outside sourceExamples: molds, mushrooms, yeastOther info:Cell wall of chitinAbsorb nutrients by breaking down organic material
15 Plantae Structural organization: Multicellular, eukaryotic How energy is obtained: Autotrophs (producers) – make their own food using photosynthesisExamples: trees, ferns, flowers, mossesOther info:Cell wall of celluloseUsually green – contain chlorophyll2 categories: vascular, non-vascular
17 Animalia Structural organization: Multicellular, eukaryotic How energy is obtained: Heterotrophs (consumers)Examples: Humans, insects, reptiles, amphibians, worms, spongesOther info:Most can move from place to placeUsually green – contain chlorophyll2 categories: vertebrates, invertebrates
18 Animalia Most complex multicellular organisms Eukaryote Most can move from place to place2 categories:1. Vertebrates – nervous columnEx: reptiles, amphibians, peopleInvertebrates – no nerve columnEx: sponge, worms, bugsConsumers/Heterotrophs – herbivores, carnivores, or omnivoresKingdom_Animalia.asf