34.2 FrictionFriction is a force that resists the motion of objects or surfaces.Many kinds of friction exist.
44.2 Four Types of Friction2 Forms of Fluid Friction
5Vocabulary Friction: A force that resists motion. Sliding Friction: The friction force thatresists an object movingacross a dry surface.
6Vocabulary Static Friction: The friction force that resists the motion between twosurfaces that are not moving.Rolling Friction: The friction force thatopposes the motion of anybody rolling over the surfaceof another.
7Vocabulary Fluid Friction: The friction force in which at least one of the objects is afluid. (either gas or liquid)Air Friction: The resistance of motion through air.Liquid Friction: The resistance of motion througha liquid.
84.2 Friction Friction depends on both of the surfaces in contact. When the hockey puck slides on ice, a thin layer of water between the rubber and the ice allows the puck to slide easily.
94.2 Identifying friction forces Friction is a force, measured in newtons just like any other force.Static friction keeps an object at rest from moving.
104.2 Identifying friction forces Sliding friction is a force that resists the motion of an object moving across a surface.
114.2 Reducing the force of friction Unless a force is constantly applied, friction will slow all motion to a stop eventually.It is impossible to completely get rid of friction, but it can be reduced.
124.2 Reducing the force of friction The friction between a shaft (the long pole in the picture) and an outer part of a machine produces a lot of heat.Friction can be reduced by placing ball bearings between the shaft and the outer part.
134.2 Useful frictionFriction is also important to anyone driving a car.Grooved tire treads allow space for water to be channeled away from the road-tire contac point, allowing for more friction in wet conditions.
144.2 Useful frictionShoes are designed to increase the friction between their soles and the ground.Why do you think these shoes increase friction?Players wearing cleats can apply much greater forces against the ground to help them move and to keep from slipping.
154.2 Friction and energyFriction changes energy of motion into heat energy.
164.2 Friction and energyFriction is always present in any machine with moving parts.If the machine is small, or the forces are low, the amount of heat produced by friction may also be small.
17Identify the types of friction Static Friction _____Fluid Friction (gas) _____Rolling Friction _____Sliding Friction _____Fluid Friction (liquid) _____ABEDC