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The Causes of the Civil War. Essential Question What led to the growth of slavery in the early 1800s?

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Presentation on theme: "The Causes of the Civil War. Essential Question What led to the growth of slavery in the early 1800s?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Causes of the Civil War

2 Essential Question What led to the growth of slavery in the early 1800s?

3 Slavery in the United States Slavery grew in the South after the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney. The most important crop in the South was cotton. Slavery Slavery is when a person is owned by another person.

4 Slavery in the United States George MasonGeorge Mason, a slave owner from Virginia, called slavery a national sin. Nat TurnerNat Turner, an African American, led a rebellion against slave owners. Slavery became a source of deep conflict between the North and South. text pages

5 Lesson 2 Essential Question: How was life different in the Northern and Southern states during the 1850s? Why did southerners dislike tariffs?

6 North and South The many differences between the North and South divided the two regions. The economic system was the main cause of conflict. Economics is based on the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

7 North and South Norths economy consisted of a few farmers but mostly factories which produced textiles, shoes, tools, and other goods. Souths economy was mostly based on farming.

8 North and South The different economies in the North and South led to disagreements between the regions about tariffs. A tariff is a tax on imported goods.tariff Tariffs were good for the North but did not help the South. Tariffs made imported goods more expensive than local goods. Therefore the consumers would buy the Norths local goods more often. The South bought goods from Britain and did not want an extra tax on them.

9 North and South States rights is the idea that states, not the federal government, should make the final decisions about matters that affect them. The south fought federal attempts to ban slavery in the west, using the states rights argument. Each state has the right to decide for itself whether it will be slave or free, the south said, and any federal attempt to ban slavery outright is illegal. GPS SS5H1 b

10 North and South Disagreements over tariffs, slavery, and other economic issues increased sectionalism in the North and South. Sectionalism is loyalty to one part of the country. Sectionalism increased because of arguments over tariffs and slavery.

11 North and South The North and South were headed toward war. It began with arguments about the power of the national and state governments. The Causes of War GPS SS5H1 b


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