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Periods and Writers in American Literature 16 th -20 th Centuries.

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Presentation on theme: "Periods and Writers in American Literature 16 th -20 th Centuries."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Periods and Writers in American Literature 16 th -20 th Centuries

3 Colonial Period: 1600s (17 th Century) Captain John Smith: History of Virginia Captain John Smith: History of Virginia William Bradford: Of Plymouth Plantation William Bradford: Of Plymouth Plantation Anne Bradstreet: 1 st Am. poet Anne Bradstreet: 1 st Am. poet

4 Revolutionary Period/Colonial: late 1700s (18 th Century) Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence Thomas Paine: Age of Reason; Common Sense; Crisis Papers Thomas Paine: Age of Reason; Common Sense; Crisis Papers Ben Franklin: The Autobiography Ben Franklin: The Autobiography Patrick Henry: Speech at Virginia Convention Patrick Henry: Speech at Virginia Convention

5 Romantic Period (American Renaissance): mid 1800s/ or mid 19 th Century Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature; Self-Reliance: The American Scholar Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature; Self-Reliance: The American Scholar Henry David Thoreau: Walden Henry David Thoreau: Walden Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Scarlet Letter; Dr. Heideggers Experiment Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Scarlet Letter; Dr. Heideggers Experiment Herman Melville: Moby Dick Herman Melville: Moby Dick Edgar Allan Poe: The Raven Edgar Allan Poe: The Raven Walt Whitman: Leaves of Grass Walt Whitman: Leaves of Grass

6 Beginnings of Realism (The Gilded Age/late 1800s-post Civil War) Mark Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Stephen Crane: The Red Badge of Courage Stephen Crane: The Red Badge of Courage

7 Modern Period ( ) Sherwood Anderson: Winesburg, Ohio Sherwood Anderson: Winesburg, Ohio Ernest Hemingway: Old Man and the Sea Ernest Hemingway: Old Man and the Sea F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Great Gatsby John Steinbeck: Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck: Of Mice and Men William Faulkner: Sound and the Fury William Faulkner: Sound and the Fury T. S. Eliot: The Wasteland T. S. Eliot: The Wasteland e. e. cummings: Pity This Busy Monster e. e. cummings: Pity This Busy MonsterManunkind

8 Harlem Renaissance (part of Modern Period) a flourish of African-American writing, music, and art in the borough of Harlem (1920s) in New York City a flourish of African-American writing, music, and art in the borough of Harlem (1920s) in New York City

9 Harlem Renaissance Writers: Langston Hughes: The Negro Speaks of Rivers Langston Hughes: The Negro Speaks of Rivers Richard Wright: Black Boy; Native Son Richard Wright: Black Boy; Native Son Countee Cullen: Any Human to Another Countee Cullen: Any Human to Another Claude McKay: The Tropics in New York Claude McKay: The Tropics in New York Jean Toomer: Cane Jean Toomer: Cane Zora Neale Hurston: Their Eyes Were Watching God Zora Neale Hurston: Their Eyes Were Watching God

10 Postmodern Period (Contemporary) J. D. Salinger: Catcher in the Rye (1951) J. D. Salinger: Catcher in the Rye (1951) Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451 (1953) Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451 (1953) Sandra Cisneros: House on Mango Street (1984) Sandra Cisneros: House on Mango Street (1984) Arthur Miller: The Crucible (1950) Arthur Miller: The Crucible (1950) Judith Guest: Ordinary People (1976) Judith Guest: Ordinary People (1976) Chaim Potok: The Chosen (1967) Chaim Potok: The Chosen (1967)


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