2Who were the first?American literature begins with Native American literature and their experiences living with the land.
3Pilgrims and PuritansMayflower: carried about 100 passengers called pilgrims- meaning travelers. Some were Puritans- but not all. They landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in Dec Before that winter was over half were dead.
4Who were the Puritans?Puritans objected to what they saw as corruptions in the Church of England.They were known to be separatists who wanted to purify their lives.
5Puritans, cont.They came to America seeking religious freedom and wanted to establish a God-centered society- a New Jerusalem- the city of God on earth.
6Puritan BeliefsGrace- a gift given by God that guaranteed salvation “ticket into heaven”Original sin- idea that man is born evil due to Adam and Eve’s sin committed in the Garden of Eden.
7Puritan beliefs, cont.Predestination: only the people who are elected by God are saved and go to heaven. The only way an individual could know if he/she was saved was by directly experiencing God’s grace in a religious conversion.
8Puritan beliefs, cont.The Elect- a select group of people God had chosen to give grace to. The group chosen to go to heaven.Plainness- in church decoration, clothes, speech and writing. Wrote in plain style.
9Puritan governmentBible- the ultimate authority in religion and governmentTheocracy: No separation of church and state. In other words, break Biblical law, you go to jail.
10Puritan writingPuritan writing was practical. It was to instruct others or to examine their own personal lives.First book published in America was the Bay Psalm Book (1640)- a translation of the book of Psalms.They wrote no fiction (no novels, plays, short stories); they also did not approve of reading fiction.
11Puritan writing, cont.They avoided ornate style (decorated, complicated); they wrote in plain style- which was to communicate ideas as clearly as possible.
12Puritan lifestyleAlthough grace was a gift, Puritans strove to prove they were worthy of it. Their lives consisted of work and prayer.They believed prosperity was a sign of election or God’s special favor.Strong home life with the father as head of the household.
13Puritan lifestyle, cont. Passed laws against things that might be a distraction away from God:BowlingDancingPlays and actingHunting for sportNO!!
14Characteristics of a Puritan Hard work, self sacrifice, material success, family life, community, serviceThey wore severe black clothingIntolerant of other religious views but came to America for religious freedom
15Puritan firsts First colony to establish the printing press First to provide free public educationFirst college- Harvard