Presentation on theme: "Impact of WWII SS6H7b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers."— Presentation transcript:
Impact of WWII SS6H7b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers.
E.Q. How did WWII impact the world in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers?
Holocaust Key Facts Holocaust: systematic killing of 6 million Jews Key person: Adolph Hitler Time period: WWII Genocide: planned killing of a race of people How: – 1. identified Jews with yellow star – 2. took away rights/freedoms – 3. gathered/imprisoned Jews in ghettos – 4. shipped Jews to concentration camps
Concentration Camps Left Old, weak, young Sent to showers Gassed to death cremated Right Workers Sent to showers Heads shaved Given prison clothes Tattooed with number Worked to death
Not Just Jews Killed Political prisoners Mentally ill Disabled Gypsies, Poles, and others Helene Gotthold, a Jehovah's Witness, was beheaded for her religious beliefs on December 8, 1944, in Berlin. She is pictured with her children. Germany, June 25, 1936.
After Survivors – no homes left United Nations divided Palestine into Arab and Jewish states (countries) Israel became a Jewish nation ediaId=177
Page169 CRCT Test Prep #435. What is genocide? The planned killing of a race of people #436. Who created the country of Israel? United Nations #437. Who was spared in the Holocaust? None of the above #438. What actions did the United Nations take as a result of the Holocaust? Created a Jewish state and made genocide a crime
Cold War Key Facts When: end of WWII – 1945 What: period of distrust and misunderstanding Who: between Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) & U.S.A. (and former allies) Why: Soviet Union was communist/command (strong central government controls businesses). U.S.A. believed businesses should be privately owned.
Eastern Bloc vs. Western Bloc Eastern (red) Soviet Union Most eastern European countries Western (blue) U.S.A. Most western European countries
Germany Divided after WWII into 4 parts 1948: divided into West Germany (free) and East Germany (Soviet controlled) Capital – Berlin – divided into East Berlin and West Berlin 1961: Berlin Wall built to separate city
Fears Each side believed the other wanted to rule the world. People feared a nuclear war would happen. Countries formed alliances for protection – Western Bloc plus Canada formed North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) – Eastern Bloc formed Warsaw Pact
CRCT Test Prep page Which country was the leader of the Eastern Bloc? Soviet Union 440. What 2 terms describe the dividing line between eastern & western, communist & noncommunist areas? Berlin Wall & Iron Curtain 441. Which was 1 of the areas of disagreement between the U.S.S.R. & the U.S. during the Cold War? Best type of economic system 442. When was the Cold War? After WWII 443. The Warsaw Pact was to the U.S.S.R. as NATO was to the U.S.
Rise of the Superpowers U.S.A. Constitutional Republic, Free market Permanent seat on U.N. Security Council 4 th most populated country in world Powerful military support from NATO Largest navy in world Military bases all over world CIA (spies) Large reserve of nukes Influenced world events Soviet Union Communist, Command Permanent seat on U.N. Security Council Largest country in the world Military and space technology World-wide spy network (KGB) One of largest stockpiles of nukes in world Influenced world events
CRCT Test Prep page As a world superpower, the U.S.S.R. had A seat on the UN Security Council 445. As a world superpower, the U.S. had Military bases all over the world 446. Which condition is required to be a world superpower? Influence over world events
Collapse of the Soviet Union Problem: Soviet Union spent $$$$$$$ – Putting down revolts in its countries – protecting its borders – keeping up with the arms race against the U.S.A
Collapse of the Soviet Union 1985 leader Mikhail Gorbachev – reduced government control of business – increased freedom for citizens Result – improved relations with U.S.A. – inspired other Eastern Bloc countries to demand freedom
German Reunification Nov 1989: Berlin Wall torn down Germany began to reunify Germany was 1 country again in 1990 Cold War was over Soviet republics gained freedom from Soviet Union. Many new countries were made. Russia is the largest.
CRCT Test Prep pages Why did Gorbachev reduce government control of the economy? An unstable economy due to increased military spending 448. What marked the end of the Cold War? Destruction of the Berlin Wall 449. What was the largest country created from the former Soviet Union? Russia