Presentation on theme: "THE NEW STATE OF GEORGIA EDUCATION RELIGION TRANSPORTATION STATE CAPITALS."— Presentation transcript:
THE NEW STATE OF GEORGIA EDUCATION RELIGION TRANSPORTATION STATE CAPITALS
Growth of Georgia 1789-New Constitution 3 branches of government General Assembly still had the most power Georgia large in land size but small in population Need for new settlers for the frontier area Westward expansion 1790-1840- population quadrupled
RELIGION Religion strongly influenced growth in the new state Second Great Awakening (1790-1830)- an increased interest in religion Growth of Protestant religion Gained the nickname Bible Belt Baptist Different groups: Southern, Primitive, Free Will GA Baptist Convention- joined different Baptists Created Southern Baptist Convention (largest Protestant group today)
RELIGION METHODIST Tent Revivals Camp meetings: outside, informal Helped Methodist church grow 1803- first tent revival/camp meeting held in Hancock County Created foundation for importance of religion ANGLICAN Extension of the Church of England Biggest group after the Revolution Changed to the Episcopalian Church
EDUCATION AND UGA Abraham Baldwin- founder and 1 st president CHARTER 1785 633 acres- donated by John Milledge First public university in USA First called Franklin College 1 st school open to the lower classes Felt education was needed for a free govt 1801- held first classes, Women- 1918 http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid1017290000 1?bctid=17697198001 (Abraham Baldwin BIO GA Stories) http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid1017290000 1?bctid=17697198001
Technology Better Transportation New machines to help with agriculture Invention of the cotton gin 1793 Eli Whitney Separated the seed from the cotton fiber Twice as fast as a person doing by hand Plantation owners needed more people to help grow and pick the crop
TRANSPORTATION Colonial period- walk, horse, wagon Move to unsettled areas and new towns, need to connect these regions and towns. Steam boat/rivers (coastal plain) Good transportation needed for growth in the interior of state Canals- to connect rivers, waterways (north mostly)- ex: Erie Canal GA- plan for 4 canals- Altamaha to Brunswick Started, but abandoned for RAILROAD
RAILROADS 1833 State chartered two railroads, Georgia Railroad Company and Central Georgia Railroad 1837-Western & Atlantic RR (W&A) Placed stake 7 m E of Chattahoochee River and called the location Terminus By 1860- all but 2 RR lines passed through this city Terminus became known as Marthasville, then Atlanta
Georgias Capital City S- SAVANNAH A- AUGUSTA L- LOUISVILLE M- MILLEDGEVILLE A- ATLANTA
CHANGING CAPITALS Louisville in 1796-1807 Changed from Augusta William Few helped decide where it would change to. Near Ogeechee River Named for King Louis XVI for support during the Rev War Did well at first- tobacco 1807 then to Milledgeville
CITYDATECAPITAL FACTREASON FOR MOVING Savannah1733Georgias first capitalGeorgias population was in the area around Augusta Augusta1786Alternate capital during the American Revolution Location was too far east; a more central location was needed Louisville1796Site where Yazoo Act was repealed and burned on the capitol grounds Moved to follow population growth in the west Milledgeville1807Land lotteries conducted here; capital during the Civil War Georgia voters chose Atlanta as the capital after the Civil War Atlanta1868The capitol building was built for less than $1 million Atlanta is Georgias capital city today.
HISTORY OF GEORGIA CAPITALS 1777-78 Savannah 1779-80 Augusta* 1780-81 Washington, miscellaneous sites in Wilkes County* 1781-82 Augusta 1782 Ebenezer*, Savannah 1783 Augusta 1784 Savannah, Augusta 1785 Savannah 1786-96 Augusta 1796-1806 Louisville 1807-1868 Milledgeville 1868-present Atlanta * Temporary meeting sites of state government
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