2 1. What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government? A. votingB. workingC. obeying lawsD. consuming goods
3 2. Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an autocracy? A. the rulerB. the peopleC. the court systemD. the elected legislature
4 3. Which Southwest Asian country could be described as an autocracy? A. IraqB. IsraelC. TurkeyD. Saudi Arabia
5 4. Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an oligarchy? A. the kingB. the peopleC. the legislatureD. a small group of powerful leaders
6 5. Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy?A. kings are always cruel rulers.B. The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.C. All of the power stays in the hands of the local governments.D. Voters in democratic countries always choose qualified leaders.
7 6. Which Southwest Asian country has a democratic form of government? A. IranB. IsraelC. KuwaitD. Saudi Arabia
8 7. If the Saudi royal family controls the government of Saudi Arabia, and the king is the ruler, what type of government is this?A. unitaryB. federationC. confederationD. parliamentary
9 8. If the Saudi royal family controls the government of Saudi Arabia, and the king is the ruler, which best describes Saudi Arabia’s government?A. democracy C. monarchyB. dictatorship D. oligarchy
10 9. In which system of government does the legislature select the executive leader of the government? A. democraticB. communistC. parliamentaryD. Totalitarian
11 10. Which statement about Israel’s parliamentary system of government today is true? A. Members of both houses of Parliament are elected for life.B. The queen decides which laws Parliament will debate.C. Members of Parliament do not belong to political parties.D. The prime minister is not directly chosen by voters.
12 11. Which branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out the laws in a parliamentary system of government?A. executiveB. judicialC. legislativeD. the monarch
13 12. The leader of a parliamentary system is often called the A. kingB. president.C. governor.D. prime minister.
14 13. The leader of a parliamentary system is chosen by? A. the kingB. a popular vote of the peopleC. a decision of the national courtsD. the political party with the most representatives in the legislature
15 14. The Head of State in a parliamentary system is often a person who has A. no actual power.B. a veto for laws passed by the legislature.C. the most power in the national government.D. a ceremonial role without much actual power.
16 15. In a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen? A. by a decision of the national courtsB. by a majority vote of the legislatureC. in a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislatureD. by the political party with the most representatives in the legislature
17 16. What is the role of the president regarding the laws passed by the legislature? A. The president must enforce those laws.B. The president can change the laws he doesn’t like.C. The president sends the laws to the states for approval.D. Laws passed by the legislature do not have to go to the president for approval
18 17. What role do religious leaders play in the Israeli government? A. They have some influence in making laws.B. They are not allowed to run for political office.C. Religious leaders always control which candidates are elected.D. They are guaranteed a certain number of representatives in each election.
19 18. Who is allowed to vote in Israeli elections? A. all citizens 16 years of age or olderB. all citizens 18 years of age or olderC. only men who can prove they are Israeli citizensD. only those who were actually born in the State of Israel
20 19. How often are elections for the national government held in Israel? A. Elections are held every 6 years.B. Party members are elected for life.C. Religious leaders can require new elections whenever they like.D. Elections are held every 4 years unless the ruling party calls for them to be held sooner.
21 20. Saudi Arabia is ruled by a A. king.B. popularly elected president.C. representative government.D. group of leading religious leaders.
22 21. How long does a monarch rule? A. one elected termB. a term of 10 yearsC. as long as Parliament allows him to ruleD. until he dies or chooses to give up power
23 22. What role do the people play in a government that is a monarchy like that of Saudi Arabia? A. They have the power to vote a ruler out of office.B. The people get to approve the laws made by the ruler.C. They are guaranteed certain rights by their written constitution.D. They have little influence, as the ruler makes most decisions.
24 23. What is Sharia law?A. laws made by the king aloneB. laws based on Parliamentary democracyC. laws based on the teachings of the Qur’anD. laws calling for a separation of church and state
25 24. What is the definition of a “theocracy”? A. a government that sees God as the supreme rulerB. a government that allows people to choose the leadersC. a system in which religious law and civil law are separateD. a system in which only religious leaders are allowed to vote
26 25. Why is Iran sometimes called a theocratic republic? A. Iran’s religious leaders make all the laws for the country.B. Religious leaders decide which Iranian citizens can vote.C. The people of Iran have no say in choosing their government leaders.D. Iran’s government is led by both an elected parliament and powerful religious leaders.
27 26. What is an Ayatollah?A. a Christian priestB. a Shi’a religious leaderC. The title of a local governorD. a leader of a Jewish congregation
28 27. Which are the 3 main religious groups of Southwest Asia? A. Hinduism, Islam, JudaismB. Christianity, Islam, JudaismC. Buddhism, Hinduism, IslamD. Christianity, Islam, Shamanism
29 28. What issue led to the split between the Sunni and Shi’a in Islam? A. The Shi’a believed only Arabs could be Muslims. B. Arguments began over what should be included in the five Pillars. C. The Shi’a wanted to change the direction of prayer to Jerusalem rather than Mecca. D. They disagreed over who should lead the Muslim community after the death of Muhammad.
30 29. What was the outcome of the 1948 War between the new state of Israel and the Arabs living in and around Palestine?A. The conflict ended and all Palestinian Arabs became citizens in the new State of Israel.B. Israel won the war and the new State of Israel was even larger than originally planned.C. Almost no Jewish people were willing to go to Israel because of the country’s angry neighbors.D. The U.N. decided to withdraw the proposal to create a State of Israel because of all the problems it caused in the area.
31 30. Who are the Taliban?A. the government of IraqB. The government of KuwaitC. a group of radical MuslimsD. a part of the United Nations
32 31. In Nigeria’s government, power is divided between Central and regional authorities. This is an example of which government type?A. UnitaryB. ConfederationC. Federal
33 32. In a unitary government system, most of the power is in the hands of the A. individual votersB. king and advisorsC. local governmentsD. central government
34 33. Which of the following countries would be a good example of a unitary government? A. IsraelB. LebanonC. Saudi ArabiaD. the United States
35 34. What is a weakness of a confederation government system? A. A confederation is very expensive.B. Confederations are too large to rule effectively.C. A confederation does not share power with its members.D. The central government has only as much power as the local governments are willing to give.
36 35. Which Southwest Asian country would be a good example of a federal system of government? A. IranB. IsraelC. KuwaitD. Saudi Arabia