3GPS and E.Q.GPS: SS6H6a Identify the causes of European exploration and colonization; include religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator.E.Q.: How did religion, natural resources, a market for goods, ND Prince Henry the Navigator cause European exploration and colonization?
4Main Reasons for Exploration Christians wanted to spread their religion.Finding & controlling natural resources means more $$ for a country.A market for goods – places to sell natural resources.Contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator
5A Market for GoodsVenice and Genoa, cities in Italy, controlled the trade coming into Europe from Asia.They bought the goods cheap, then resold them to the rest of Europe at a higher price.
6Portugal, Spain, France, and England resented the huge profits made by Venice and Genoa, Italy. Since Italy controlled the trade routes through the Mediterranean Sea, They looked for another way to India, China, and the Spice Islands.
7Prince Henry the Navigator 1394-1460 Son of the Portuguese kingSent 50+ expeditions down coast of AfricaWanted to establish colonies and break Muslim hold on trade routes
8Bartolomeu DiasPortuguese explorer who explored Africa's coast.In 1488, Dias led the first European expedition to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope.This breakthrough opened up trading routes from Europe to Asia.
9Christopher Columbus 1451-1506 Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, hoping to find a route to India.On his 1st trip, Columbus found the Bahamas, which he thought was the West Indies.He never realized it was a new continent.
10Vasco da GamaPortuguese explorer who discovered an ocean route from Portugal to the East.Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, to India (and back) inAt that time, many people thought that this was impossible to do because it was assumed that the Indian Ocean was not connected to any other seas.
11CRCT Test Prep p400. Why did Prince Henry the Navigator (PHN) want to send ships south to Africa?He wanted a route around Africa to the Asian markets401. Which religion did PHN hope to spread?Christianity402. Which Italian cities dominated the trade routes from Asia to Europe for a long time?Genoa and Venice403. Which result of the Crusades to the Holy Land helped Europeans become explorers?Europeans’ mapmaking skills improved404. Which islands did Columbus believe were part of Asia (West Indies)?Bahamas
12SummaryHow did religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and Prince Henry the Navigator cause European exploration and colonization?Answer on your paper, then discuss your answer with a partner.