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What were the primary tensions over slavery?Essential Question What were the primary tensions over slavery?
The Land of Cotton
North v. South North – dependent on industrySouth – dependent on agriculture
Cotton Rapidly spread throughout the South as the most important cropSpread the institution of slavery and demand for slave labor
Slave Labor 1820 to 1850 Increased from 1.5 million to 4 million
Issue of States’ RightsTariff of 1828 on manufactured goods from England South Carolina called it: “Tariff of Abominations”
Nullification Crisis South Carolina threatened to secede (withdraw) from the Union John C. Calhoun – vice president
Nullification Crisis Argument – Union is a voluntary association of states States have the right to declare a federal law null and void
Quotes President Jackson: “Our federal Union – it must be preserved.”Vice-President Calhoun: “The Union – next to our liberty, most dear.”
Nullification Crisis SC adopted an ordinance of nullification declaring tariffs unconstitutional
Nullification Crisis Congress passed the Force BillAuthorized President Jackson to use force to enforce the acts of Congress
The Abolitionist Movement
Early Abolition MovementAbolition = an immediate end to slavery in the South Very divisive reform movement
William Lloyd GarrisonBoston Antislavery newsletter – The Liberator
American Antislavery SocietyCalled for emancipation = freeing of all slaves Slavery is immoral
Sarah and Angelina GrimkeSisters from South Carolina Moved north to work against slavery
Frederick Douglass Escaped from slavery in MarylandWell-known speaker against slavery
Sojourner Truth Gained freedom in 1827 in NYAntislavery speeches that drew large crowds
Southern Response Considered slavery vital to their way of lifeDepended on agriculture, cotton
Nat Turner Rebellion August 1831Nat Turner organized a slave revolt in which 160 people were killed
Slave Codes Strict state laws No property ownershipNo freedom of movement No reading and writing
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 Harriet Beecher StoweWriting of enslaved Tom and a violent overseer
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Changed Northern ideas about slavery and African Americans Southerners tried to have the novel banned
The Underground RailroadInformal, organized system that helped slaves escape Conductors led slaves along the route to freedom
Harriet Tubman Runaway who returned to the South several times to assist slaves
5th Grade Civil War Study Guide
SSUSH8: The student will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion. Explain how slavery became a significant.
5.1: Sectionalism from Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the GHSGT” (pg )
How did the south become dependent on slave labor ?
Slavery and Abolition
Slavery to Abolition. Black People in Virginia 1619 first African in Virginia black indentured servants in VA, working with white indentured.
Slavery , the Civil War, and Reconstruction
Slavery and Freedom.
By: Reese Slone, Jacob Owens, Madison Linville, Nick Zimmerman, Anna Navarro.
A HOUSE DIVIDED. During the early 1800’s, America was socially split into two countries The main issue of division was Slavery As new states joined the.
By: Grant Brown, Ron Powell. The American Colonization Society was established with a goal of abolishing slavery. Return freed slaves to Africa Abolition:
The Abolitionist Movement Standard 8a-b. SSUSH8 The student will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 The Antislavery.
The Civil War: Important People
New Movements in America The Movement to End Slavery
The Abolitionists An abolitionist is a person who wants to end slavery.
Opposing Slavery. Vocabulary American Colonization Society – organization in the early 1800s that proposed to end slavery by helping African Americans.
Class Notes. 1. The 3/5 compromise- that 3 out of 5 slaves would count toward representation- also each state would decide whether to allow slavery. 2.
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON – abolitionist who publishes a newspaper called The Liberator. Taught “SLAVERY WAS SIN!!!!!” William Lloyd Garrison.
Chapter 9 Section 2 Northerners Change Their Thinking FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
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