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Essential Question What were the primary tensions over slavery?
The Land of Cotton
North v. South North – dependent on industry South – dependent on agriculture
Cotton Rapidly spread throughout the South as the most important crop Spread the institution of slavery and demand for slave labor
Slave Labor 1820 to 1850 Increased from 1.5 million to 4 million
Issue of States Rights Tariff of 1828 on manufactured goods from England South Carolina called it: Tariff of Abominations
Nullification Crisis South Carolina threatened to secede (withdraw) from the Union John C. Calhoun – vice president
Nullification Crisis Argument – Union is a voluntary association of states States have the right to declare a federal law null and void
Quotes President Jackson: Our federal Union – it must be preserved. Vice-President Calhoun: The Union – next to our liberty, most dear.
Nullification Crisis SC adopted an ordinance of nullification declaring tariffs unconstitutional
Nullification Crisis Congress passed the Force Bill Authorized President Jackson to use force to enforce the acts of Congress
The Abolitionist Movement
Early Abolition Movement Abolition = an immediate end to slavery in the South Very divisive reform movement
William Lloyd Garrison Boston Antislavery newsletter – The Liberator
American Antislavery Society Called for emancipation = freeing of all slaves Slavery is immoral
Sarah and Angelina Grimke Sisters from South Carolina Moved north to work against slavery
Frederick Douglass Escaped from slavery in Maryland Well-known speaker against slavery
Sojourner Truth Gained freedom in 1827 in NY Antislavery speeches that drew large crowds
Southern Response Considered slavery vital to their way of life Depended on agriculture, cotton
Nat Turner Rebellion August 1831 Nat Turner organized a slave revolt in which 160 people were killed
Slave Codes Strict state laws No property ownership No freedom of movement No reading and writing
Uncle Toms Cabin 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe Writing of enslaved Tom and a violent overseer
Uncle Toms Cabin Changed Northern ideas about slavery and African Americans Southerners tried to have the novel banned
The Underground Railroad Informal, organized system that helped slaves escape Conductors led slaves along the route to freedom
Harriet Tubman Runaway who returned to the South several times to assist slaves
5 th Grade Civil War Study Guide Mrs. Thornburgs Version.
Guided Reading Activity 14-2 Recalling the Facts.
Ch 14 Review Use your whiteboard to answer the following questions about the causes of the Civil War.
The 2nd Great Awakening 1. Was in the “Burned Over” District of NY, and across the entire nation. 2. A time of religious renewal in the nation.
Unit IV Part 2 Temperance, Women’s Rights, Abolition.
Social Studies Homework D.O.G Lesson Review – P. 151 #1-6.
Causes of the Civil War Georgia Performance Standards: SSUSH8a-e; SSUSH9a.
The Road to War United States Civil War Content Area and Grade Level Grade Four –At Level 2, the student is able to –4.6.spi.2. determine how the issue.
Causes of Civil War. What the North looked like Urban – lots of cities Urban – lots of cities Factory based – industrial society Factory based – industrial.
EQ: WHAT ISSUES LEAD TO THE DECISION FOR SOUTHERN STATES TO SECEDE FROM THE UNION? STANDARD SSE2a.
The War Between the States The Civil War The North The Northern states were very industrial. In other words, there were MANY factories and plants in.
Slavery Uncle Toms Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, ran as a serial in an antislavery newspaper and then came out in book form in Stowes.
Social Studies Homework Read p – Write definitions in back of spiral.
The Civil War and Reconstruction Standard 4. Regional Characteristics USHC-4.1 Compare the social and cultural characteristics of the North, the South,
Andrew Jackson By: Anna A.J. Nathan. Rise of the Common man After the end of the war of 1812 expansion and social change followed. Many Americans moved.
CIVIL WAR Cause of the Civil War Part 1 Abraham Lincoln here, and I am going to tell you about the journey that brought us to the Civil War.
Civil War Review VocabularyPeople Government BattlesMisc.
Unit 5 Clash of Beliefs and Ideals STANDARDS 8, 9, & 10.
U.S. / VA History Midterm Exam Climatic conditions in the southern colonies most directly influenced the development of A. democratic institutions.
CEOCE 8 th Grade. Unit 1: Colonizing America 1. How did colonial settlement affect existing Native American populations? Native Americans did not have.
U.S. History Unit 5 Notes Slavery, Secession, and Civil War.
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union.
U.S. History Review. Great Awakening A period of history that saw: An increase in religious tolerance An increase in religious practice An increase in.
Growth of nationalism and sectionalism in art, literature and language.
1791: 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6 cents a lb. to 14 cents in 1857 Expanded into Arkansas and Texas.
Part : 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6 cents a lb. to 14 cents in 1857 Expanded into Arkansas.
Causes of the American Civil War. Essential Question How did certain issues and events cause the civil war?
Ch 10 Sectional Conflict Intensifies. As the US was growing the question of whether to admit new states to the Union as free or slave led to increased.
1. MANIFEST DESTINY Belief that it is the right of the U.S. govt to expand to her natural boundaries Political roots-spread democracy-keep U.S. safe from.
The Beginnings of African American Literature 1517 to 1875 A.D.
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