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What were the primary tensions over slavery?Essential Question What were the primary tensions over slavery?
The Land of Cotton
North v. South North – dependent on industrySouth – dependent on agriculture
Cotton Rapidly spread throughout the South as the most important cropSpread the institution of slavery and demand for slave labor
Slave Labor 1820 to 1850 Increased from 1.5 million to 4 million
Issue of States’ RightsTariff of 1828 on manufactured goods from England South Carolina called it: “Tariff of Abominations”
Nullification Crisis South Carolina threatened to secede (withdraw) from the Union John C. Calhoun – vice president
Nullification Crisis Argument – Union is a voluntary association of states States have the right to declare a federal law null and void
Quotes President Jackson: “Our federal Union – it must be preserved.”Vice-President Calhoun: “The Union – next to our liberty, most dear.”
Nullification Crisis SC adopted an ordinance of nullification declaring tariffs unconstitutional
Nullification Crisis Congress passed the Force BillAuthorized President Jackson to use force to enforce the acts of Congress
The Abolitionist Movement
Early Abolition MovementAbolition = an immediate end to slavery in the South Very divisive reform movement
William Lloyd GarrisonBoston Antislavery newsletter – The Liberator
American Antislavery SocietyCalled for emancipation = freeing of all slaves Slavery is immoral
Sarah and Angelina GrimkeSisters from South Carolina Moved north to work against slavery
Frederick Douglass Escaped from slavery in MarylandWell-known speaker against slavery
Sojourner Truth Gained freedom in 1827 in NYAntislavery speeches that drew large crowds
Southern Response Considered slavery vital to their way of lifeDepended on agriculture, cotton
Nat Turner Rebellion August 1831Nat Turner organized a slave revolt in which 160 people were killed
Slave Codes Strict state laws No property ownershipNo freedom of movement No reading and writing
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 Harriet Beecher StoweWriting of enslaved Tom and a violent overseer
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Changed Northern ideas about slavery and African Americans Southerners tried to have the novel banned
The Underground RailroadInformal, organized system that helped slaves escape Conductors led slaves along the route to freedom
Harriet Tubman Runaway who returned to the South several times to assist slaves
The Abolitionist Movement. What is REFORM? the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc. EXAMPLES of reform movements...
The Abolitionist Movement Standard 8a-b. SSUSH8 The student will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion.
The Civil War Chapter 10 Lessons 1 and 2. Regional loyalty. sectionalism.
The Civil War Chapter 10 Test Review. Regional rivalry. sectionalism.
Abolitionists. African Americans in the North Most African Americans were free in the North Some were still slaves though Freed African Americans did.
Opposing Slavery. Vocabulary American Colonization Society – organization in the early 1800s that proposed to end slavery by helping African Americans.
5th Grade Civil War Study Guide
5.1: Sectionalism from Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the GHSGT” (pg )
Chapter 9 Section 2 Northerners Change Their Thinking FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
SSUSH8: The student will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion. Explain how slavery became a significant.
Jeopardy The Game of Knowledge The Road to War AbolitionistsSectionalismVarious Events Leading to War 100.
The South, Slavery, and Abolition. Southern Agriculture At first tobacco, rice, indigo Cotton booms and need for slaves rises Cotton gin removes seeds.
By: Reese Slone, Jacob Owens, Madison Linville, Nick Zimmerman, Anna Navarro.
Jeopardy $100 Fighting SlaveryCauses AbolitionistsLeftovers Compromises $200 $300 $400 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500 $400 $300.
By: Grant Brown, Ron Powell. The American Colonization Society was established with a goal of abolishing slavery. Return freed slaves to Africa Abolition:
The Civil War: Important People
Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 The Antislavery.
Slavery to Abolition. Black People in Virginia 1619 first African in Virginia black indentured servants in VA, working with white indentured.
Abolitionist Movement Before and During the Civil War.
Causes of the Civil War 5 th Grade Social Studies Chapter 12 Lesson 1 Worlds Apart.
A HOUSE DIVIDED. During the early 1800’s, America was socially split into two countries The main issue of division was Slavery As new states joined the.
Slavery and Abolition
How did the south become dependent on slave labor ?
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON – abolitionist who publishes a newspaper called The Liberator. Taught “SLAVERY WAS SIN!!!!!” William Lloyd Garrison.
Slavery and Freedom.
Chapter 5: Causes of the Civil War
Slavery , the Civil War, and Reconstruction
ABOLITION – the movement to end slavery 1 WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON – abolitionist who publishes a newspaper called The Liberator 2 William Lloyd Garrison.
JOHN C. CALHOUN Pro - Slavery Southern political leader Strong supporter of slavery Argued states NOT Congress had the right to determine whether or not.
Class Notes. 1. The 3/5 compromise- that 3 out of 5 slaves would count toward representation- also each state would decide whether to allow slavery. 2.
The American Civil War: Its Causes, Battles, and Reconstruction.
Abolitionists Station 6. Agitators for Change? O Abraham Lincoln- President during the Civil War. Opposed to the EXTENTION OF SLAVERY. Wanted to do whatever.
SSUSH8 The student will explain the relationship between growing north- south divisions and westward expansion.
Slavery and Abolitionists American Civil War. Slavery.
New Movements in America The Movement to End Slavery
Chapter 16 section 2 In the 1800’s there was an increasing call for emancipation. Emancipation-freeing of slaves One idea was to settle free slaves.
Chapter 8 Section. Early Opposition to Slavery The events leading up to the Civil War generally surrounded the idea of abolitionism, or the abolishment.
Abolitionist/Anti-Slavery. Antislavery Movement ; most preferred religious education, political action, boycotts of slave-harvested goods, or downright.
Causes of the Civil War. Harriet Beecher Stowe She wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin in an effort to gain support for the abolitionist movement.
The Abolitionists An abolitionist is a person who wants to end slavery.
Title: The Civil War-“The Cause!” 1)Moral Issues 2)Political Power 3) Economy Reasons.
Ch. 8 Sec. 4 Abolitionism in the US. Early Opposition to Slavery The events leading up to the Civil War generally surrounded the idea of abolitionism,
The Forces that Divide the Nation. I. Politics u A. Agricultural South vs. Industrial North – 1. Northern cities, population, manufacturing. – 2. Plantations,
The Movement to End Slavery. I. Abolition A. Ending Slavery 1.In the 1830’s a movement formed seeking abolition – an end of slavery 2.Some wanted emancipation.
More Dudes and Chicks Legal Stuff Vocab Random US History.
Unit 4: A Nation Divided Lesson 2: Tensions over Slavery and popular sovereignty.
Sectionalism – the greater loyalty many Americans felt toward their own section than to the country as a whole Southerners – economy centered around plantations,
Please Read. What are the events that led to the secession of the South?
Impact of Reform Movements. The Abolitionist Movement The word abolitionist comes from the root word abolish or to stop immediately. Abolitionist’s is.
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