Presentation on theme: "Europe SS6G11a. Explain the diversity of languages as seen in a comparison of German, English, Russian, French, and Italian."— Presentation transcript:
1 EuropeSS6G11a. Explain the diversity of languages as seen in a comparison of German, English, Russian, French, and Italian.
2 Do Now: Copy “DRC Major Languages of Europe” (NB p.10) OriginExample LanguageOfficial Language in# of Native SpeakersWest German LanguagesLargest of 3 groupsGermanGermany, Austria, Switzerland, EU…100 millionEnglishUnited Kingdom, Ireland, EU62 millionSlavic LanguagesRussianRussia, United Nations…140 millionRomance LanguagesFrenchFrance, Belgium, EU…65-80 millionItalianItaly, Switzerland, EU…63 million
3 Comparing European Languages GermanicGerman:morgenEnglish: morningSlavicRussian: Первая половина дняRomanceItalian: mattinaSpanish: mañanaFrench: matin
4 Historical Maps of Europe 1 AD100 AD200 AD400 AD1200 AD1000 AD800 AD600 AD1400 AD1600 AD1800 AD2000 AD
6 200 + languages are spoken in Europe. They are grouped into 3 categories
7 1. Germanic 2. Romance 3. Slavic has the most speakers Speakers live mostly in northwest & central Europe2. RomanceIncludes French, Italian, & SpanishSpeakers live mostly in south & west EuropeComes from the Romans, who spoke Latin3. SlavicExample is RussianSpeakers live in central & eastern EuropeUses Cyrillic alphabet
9 ProblemSolutionsIt is hard to live, work, and trade with people who can’t talk to each other.Kids learn other languages at schoolEuropean Union has 23 official languagesSpecial laws protect languages spoken by only a few people
10 Diversity in European languages today Many countries have more than 1 official languagePeople have many ethnic backgroundsPeople immigrate to other countries for jobsMany people speak English as a 2nd language
11 Problems It is hard to communicate. In school, the official language is taught.Documents are written only in official languages.Government workers speak the official language.
12 Class work (NB p. 13)CRCT Test Prep pp Write questions and correct answers in your notebook
13 What have Europeans done to solve the problem of so many languages? They require schoolchildren to learn 1 or 2 other languages.
14 Which languages come from the ancient Roman Empire? French, Italian, and Spanish
15 Besides differences in words, what other challenge do Europeans face in communicating with each other?They use 2 different alphabets
16 What do these statements show about Europeans? Schoolchildren in Europe learn more than 1 language The European Union records all its business in 23 languages Laws have been written to protect languages spoken only by a few peopleWhat do these statements show about Europeans?Europeans respect the languages of other cultures
17 bon jour-----buon giorno In what way are the French and Italian languages alike?They are both Romance languages that derived from Latin
18 Which European language has the largest number of native speakers? Russian
19 Which describes a way that Russian is different from the other languages? It is not an official language of the European Union
20 Which group is less likely to learn the language of a new country? Older citizens
21 What is a problem caused by many languages spoken in the same country? It is difficult to read and understand official forms.
22 What did children of German immigrants to Russia have to do in school? Learn the Russian language