Presentation on theme: "Europe SS6G11a. Explain the diversity of languages as seen in a comparison of German, English, Russian, French, and Italian."— Presentation transcript:
Europe SS6G11a. Explain the diversity of languages as seen in a comparison of German, English, Russian, French, and Italian.
Do Now: Copy DRC Major Languages of Europe (NB p.10) OriginExample Language Official Language in # of Native Speakers West German Languages Largest of 3 groups GermanGermany, Austria, Switzerland, EU… 100 million EnglishUnited Kingdom, Ireland, EU 62 million Slavic LanguagesRussianRussia, United Nations… 140 million Romance Languages FrenchFrance, Belgium, EU… million ItalianItaly, Switzerland, EU… 63 million
Comparing European Languages GermanicGerman:morgen English: morning SlavicRussian: Первая половина дня RomanceItalian: mattina Spanish: mañana French: matin
2000 AD1800 AD1600 AD1400 AD 1200 AD1000 AD800 AD600 AD 400 AD200 AD100 AD1 AD Historical Maps of Europe
History of the English Language Timeline
200 + languages are spoken in Europe. They are grouped into 3 categories
1. Germanic has the most speakers Speakers live mostly in northwest & central Europe 2. Romance Includes French, Italian, & Spanish Speakers live mostly in south & west Europe Comes from the Romans, who spoke Latin 3. Slavic Example is Russian Speakers live in central & eastern Europe Uses Cyrillic alphabet
Problem It is hard to live, work, and trade with people who cant talk to each other. Solutions Kids learn other languages at school European Union has 23 official languages Special laws protect languages spoken by only a few people
Diversity in European languages today Many countries have more than 1 official language People have many ethnic backgrounds People immigrate to other countries for jobs Many people speak English as a 2 nd language
Problems It is hard to communicate. In school, the official language is taught. Documents are written only in official languages. Government workers speak the official language.
Class work (NB p. 13) CRCT Test Prep pp Write questions and correct answers in your notebook
What have Europeans done to solve the problem of so many languages? They require schoolchildren to learn 1 or 2 other languages.
Which languages come from the ancient Roman Empire? French, Italian, and Spanish
Besides differences in words, what other challenge do Europeans face in communicating with each other? They use 2 different alphabets
Schoolchildren in Europe learn more than 1 language The European Union records all its business in 23 languages Laws have been written to protect languages spoken only by a few people What do these statements show about Europeans? Europeans respect the languages of other cultures
bon jour-----buon giorno In what way are the French and Italian languages alike? They are both Romance languages that derived from Latin
Which European language has the largest number of native speakers? Russian
Which describes a way that Russian is different from the other languages? It is not an official language of the European Union
Which group is less likely to learn the language of a new country? Older citizens
What is a problem caused by many languages spoken in the same country? It is difficult to read and understand official forms.
What did children of German immigrants to Russia have to do in school? Learn the Russian language
Which question can be answered using the graph? What percentage of people in France have Italian as their native language?
What part of the people in France speaks German as their native language? 3 %