Presentation on theme: "Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100 Read the question and click on the to advance To return."— Presentation transcript:
Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100 Read the question and click on the to advance To return to the main playing board for another question, click on the blue box in the left hand corner of the answer screen. To advance to Double Jeopardy click Press page down to begin playing the game Correct Answer Return
government.federalism. the separation of powers. politics. The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society are collectively called
Return Answer government.
DemocracyThe policymaking system The bureaucracyGovernment ______ is the process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time.
Answer Return The policymaking system
Public policy consists of laws passed by Congress. includes what government chooses NOT to do. involves making decisions. All of the above
Answer Return All of the above
The basic principles of traditional democratic theory include all of the following EXCEPT equality in voting. effective participation. government control of information. citizen control of the agenda.
Answer Return government control of information.
The theory that argues that group competition results in a rough approximation of the public interest in public policy is hyperpluralist theory. elite and class theory. pluralist theory.bureaucratic theory.
Answer Return pluralist theory.
The foundation of Lockes philosophy was that human beings derive their rights from nature. have rights that are granted them by government. determine their own rights. derive their rights from God.
Answer Return derive their rights from nature.
The idea that there must be restrictions placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens is known as natural law.the consent of the governed. natural rights.limited government.
Answer Return limited government.
The sole purpose of government, according to John Locke, was to promote the common good. prevent anarchy. educate the people. protect natural rights.
Answer Return protect natural rights.
In addition to Lockean thought, the Declaration of Independence also drew heavily on a tradition called_______________, which stressed opposition to executive power, equality, moral virtues, and patriotism. liberalismrepublicanism radicalismvoluntarism
Answer Return republicanism
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of the people refers to the principle of natural rights.consent of the governed. human rights.limited government.
Answer Return consent of the governed.
Which of the following is NOT true of the Articles of Confederation? It vested all meaningful power in the states. It represented a league of friendship among the states. It gave the president too much power. It provided for no judiciary.
Answer Return It gave the president too much power.
Which of the following is NOT true of the United States government under the Articles of Confederation? Most authority rested with the United States Congress rather than the state governments. Each state had only one vote in Congress. The Congress had only one house. There was no president.
Answer Return Most authority rested with the United States Congress rather than the state governments.
Which of the following best describes the United States government under the Articles of Confederation? It was frequently involved in foreign affairs. It was weak and ineffective. It was very large, and bureaucratic. It was dictatorial.
Answer Return It was weak and ineffective.
After the American Revolution, under the Articles of Confederation, power in the states began to shift from ___________ to _________________. the middle class; a handful of wealthy individuals countryside; cities the east coast; the western frontier wealthy individuals; the middle class
Answer Return wealthy individuals; the middle class
After the American Revolution, economic issues moved to the top of the political agenda because a period of tremendous economic prosperity began. banks across the country faced a series of foreclosures. a postwar depression hurt small farmers and many others. state legislatures started a vigorous campaign of debt collection.
Answer Return a postwar depression hurt small farmers and many others.
The ____________, offered as a proposal at the Constitutional Convention, called for giving each state in Congress representation in proportion to the states share of the population. New Jersey PlanVirginia Plan Connecticut PlanNew York Plan
Answer Return Virginia Plan
__________ was proposed by William Patterson, in which each state was to be equally represented in the new Congress. The New Jersey Plan The Virginia Plan Connecticut PlanNew York Plan
Answer Return The New Jersey Plan
Which of the following is true of the system of representation established by the Connecticut Compromise? It gives more power to people living in states with large populations. It gives more power to people living in states with small populations. It distributes power among people of large and small states exactly equally. It gives more power to large states, particularly in presidential elections.
Answer Return It gives more power to people living in states with small populations.
In determining congressional representation and taxation, the Constitution did not count slaves. counted slaves as free persons. counted slaves as three-fifths of a person. Counted slaves as one-half of a person.
Answer Return counted slaves as three-fifths of a person.
Regarding the right to vote in national elections, the framers of the Constitution required that all free, adult males with property worth at least $50 be allowed to vote. included a requirement that all free, adult males be allowed to vote. provided that free men and women over the age of 20 be allowed to vote. decided to leave it up to the individual states to determine voter qualifications in their own states.
Answer Return decided to leave it up to the individual states to determine voter qualifications in their own states.
The Madisonian system is a form of direct democracy. encourages change. has a conservative bias favoring the status quo. discourages moderation and compromise.
Answer Return has a conservative bias favoring the status quo.
According to the U.S. Constitution, how many Senators does each state have? 2100 depends on the states population 6
Answer Return 2
According to the U.S. Constitution, the House of Representatives has how many members from each state? 2100 depends on the states population 6
Answer Return depends on population
A major purpose of the economic provisions in the Constitution was to promote a more equal distribution of wealth in the country. establish a comprehensive set of social welfare programs to assist people in times of need. preserve and strengthen the farm economy to the disadvantage of manufacturing. create a strong national government so as to bring stability out of economic chaos.
Answer Return create a strong national government so as to bring stability out of economic chaos.
Each of the following violations of individual rights is forbidden in the original Constitution EXCEPT suspension of freedom of speech. suspension of the writ of habeas corpus. passing ex post facto laws. strict limits on the prosecution of treason.
Answer Return suspension of freedom of speech.
Ratification of the Constitution needed the approval of nine states. needed the approval of a majority of the people. needed the approval of all the states. was by two-thirds vote of the Continental Congress.
Answer Return needed the approval of nine states.
Opposition to ratification of the Constitution was based on the belief that it would promote pluralism, which would threaten liberty. provide for elite control, endanger liberty, and weaken the states. produce more democratic elements than desirable for a strong central government. give too much power to the states.
Answer Return provide for elite control, endanger liberty, and weaken the states.
Which of the following was NOT among Anti-Federalist objections to the proposed constitution? It weakened the power of the states. It did not include a bill of rights. It promised to create a government run largely by wealthy elites. It was far too decentralized and fragmented.
Answer Return It was far too decentralized and fragmented.
Which of these has no formal role in amending the Constitution? The statesThe House of Representatives The SenateThe president
Answer Return The president
Constitutional amendments are usually ratified by legislatures of three- fourths of the states. state conventions called by two-thirds vote in Congress. a national convention.a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress.
Answer Return legislatures of three-fourths of the states.
Which of the following is an example of a confederation? State governments in the United States The United Nations BritainFrance
Return Answer The United Nations
Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that power is centralized in state and local government. both national and state levels of government have some authority over the same land and people. power is centralized in the national government. there are three branches of government and a system of checks and balances.
Answer Return both national and state levels of government have some authority over the same land and people.
The Constitution grants the power to directly regulate such things as drinking ages, marriage and divorce, and sexual behavior to all governments by the Bill of Rights. the national government. both the state and national governments. state governments.
Answer Return state governments.
All of the following areas provide examples of how federalism decentralizes our policies EXCEPT federal income tax.regulation of abortion. funding of education. death penalty.
Answer Return federal income tax.
Which of the following is often seen as a benefit of federalism? It encourages hyperpluralism. It allows states to function as laboratories of democracy, or policy innovators. It creates more opportunities for interest groups to wield influence. It creates conflict between national and state governments.
Answer Return It allows states to function as laboratories of democracy, or policy innovators.
Almost every policy the national government has adopted has originated with the Senate.the states. the president.the House of Representatives.
Answer Return the states.
In our federal system, the powers of the state governments are ultimately granted by their state's legislature. the people of their state. the United States Constitution. their state's Supreme Court.
Answer Return the United States Constitution.
Which of the following statements about federalism is FALSE? Federalism was hotly debated at the Constitutional Convention. Eighteenth-century Americans had little experience in thinking of themselves as Americans first and state citizens second. Loyalty to state governments was so strong that the Constitution would have been resoundingly defeated had it tried to abolish them. There was no other practical choice in 1787 but to create a federal system of government.
Answer Return Federalism was hotly debated at the Constitutional Convention.
Which of these is NOT among the factors that tend to lead to the creation of a federal form of government in a country? Large populationDiverse population IndustrializationLarge land area
Answer Return Industrialization
What kind of government did the Articles of Confederation create? FederalDemocratic republic UnitaryConfederate
Answer Return Confederate
The Constitution's supremacy clause gives the states superiority over the national government's Constitution and laws. made the Constitution, the laws of the national government, and the national government's treaties the supreme law of the land. makes the president supreme in any constitutional conflicts with the other two branches. is vague about which level of government should prevail in a dispute involving federalism.
Answer Return made the Constitution, the laws of the national government, and the national government's treaties the supreme law of the land.
Which of the following is TRUE of the Constitution? It created obligations of the national government toward the state including the obligation to protect states from invasion. It established states as vital components of the machinery of government. It guaranteed states equal representation in the Senate. all are true
Answer Return all are true
The Tenth Amendment declares that the national government is superior to the states in every concern. establishes the Supreme Court as the final arbiter in all civil and criminal disputes. states that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by the states, are reserved for the states. establishes the Constitution, laws of the national government, and treaties as the supreme law of the land.
Answer Return states that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by the states, are reserved for the states.
In the Constitution, the powers to coin money, to enter into treaties, and to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the states were given to neither the individual states nor the national government. the individual states. both the individual states and the national government. the national government.
Answer Return the national government.
The McCulloch v. Maryland case dealt with what specific grievance? A state taxing a national bank Toll bridges on interstate roads The location of Marylands capital city Import taxes on goods made in other states
Answer Return A state taxing a national bank
Funding for the interstate highway system is an example of dual federalism.cooperative federalism. a unitary system of government. national federalism.
Answer Return cooperative federalism.
The main instrument the national government uses to influence state governments is grants-in-aid.mandates. the Tenth Amendment. presidential decrees.
Answer Return grants-in-aid.
Fiscal federalism is the pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system. the federal government's regulation of the money supply and interest rates. a sharing of local and national resources practiced in other countries but not in the United States. the federal income tax.
Answer Return the pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system.
The principal type of federal aid for states and localities is block grants.disaster loans. revenue sharing. categorical grants.
Answer Return categorical grants.
The most common type of categorical grant is block grants.project grants. revenue sharing. disaster relief.
Answer Return project grants.
The legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed is called extradition.habeas corpus. necessary and proper. devolution.
Answer Return extradition.
A system of government in which the state and the national government share powers, policy assignments, and, sometimes, costs, administration, and blame for failed policies is dual federalismcooperative federalism confederate federalism unitary federalism
Answer Return cooperative federalism
The transferring of responsibility for policies from the federal government to the states is devolution.intergovernmental relations. pluralism.fiscal federalism.
Answer Return devolution.
Standard operating procedures in cooperative federalism include each of the following EXCEPT shared administration. shared costs. federal funding with no strings attached. federal guidelines.
Answer Return federal funding with no strings attached.
Which of the following does NOT characterize the standard operating procedure of cooperative federalism today? Federal guidelinesGrants-in-aid Separate and distinct roles for the national and state governments Shared administration
Answer Return Separate and distinct roles for the national and state governments
A project grant is money awarded for public housing in urban areas of the nation. awarded more or less automatically to states or communities for broad purposes. awarded on the basis of competitive application and given for specific purposes. distributed on the basis of population, per capita income, percentage of rural population, or some other factor.
Answer Return awarded on the basis of competitive application and given for specific purposes.
Grants for specific programs distributed according to community demographic factors, such as population or income, are formula grants.categorical grants. project grants.block grants.
Answer Return formula grants.
In response to complaints from state and local governments about the paperwork and requirements attached to most grants, Congress has established ________ that are generally automatically given to support broad programs in states or communities. formula grantsblock grants categorical grantsproject grants
Answer Return block grants
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Clean Air Act of 1970 are similar in that they both require states to meet and administer federal standards. do not allocate federal funds to assist states in policy implementation. are considered underfunded mandates. All are correct.
Answer Return All are correct.
On the whole, federal grant distribution follows the principle of universalism.stinginess. cronyism.needs-testing.
Answer Return universalism.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.