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Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex sentences.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex sentences."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex sentences

3 The graveyard was desolate. It was raining. The fog slowly circled around the tombstones. I stood watching. I stood waiting. Would I get out alive? What was waiting for me in the dark? I looked at a tree. Something was behind it! I wanted to scream. Nothing would come out. I was alone in the graveyard. What dont you like about this paragraph?

4 The graveyard was desolate. It was raining. The fog slowly circled around the tombstones. I stood watching. I stood waiting. Would I get out alive? What was waiting for me in the dark? I looked at a tree. Something was behind it! I wanted to scream. Nothing would come out. I was alone in the graveyard. This paragraph sounds choppy, and the lack of variety in sentence structure makes it boring. Now lets look at this same paragraph and mix it up a bit!

5 The graveyard was desolate, and it was raining. The fog slowly circled around the tombstones as I stood watching. I waited-- would I get out alive? What was waiting for me in the dark? I looked at a tree. Something was behind it! I wanted to scream, but nothing would come out. I was alone in the graveyard. Doesnt this sound better? I have included some variety in sentence structure, as there are now compound and complex sentences included, as well.

6 Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex

7 Contain 1 independent clause. Thats all! Examples: My great aunt Matilda owns a bakery. I love family reunions! Maria and Jose enjoy trips to the park.

8 Contain 2 or more independent clauses. These clauses are bridged together with a comma + a conjunction, a semi-colon, or a dash., and ; __ I am visiting my grandmother this week, and she will take me to the zoo.

9 The silly cat ate my lasagna, and he didnt leave a bite for me!

10 It is a compound sentence because it contains two independent clauses joined together with a comma + a conjunction. The silly cat ate my lasagna, and he didnt leave a bite for me! Independent Clause

11 The mallard duck is swimming in our pool. I love pizza, but I hate spaghetti. John is playing soccer this year; he wants to win the championship. I enjoy playing basketball in the evenings.

12 Contain 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses. Example: I had to stay at home because I didnt clean my room. Independent clause Dependent clause

13 MaryAnn hopes that she will be able to attend the awards banquet. While we are washing dishes, Cam will sweep the floors. Whenever she hears thunder, my dog Susie hides under the bed.

14 That because while when whenever who As though if since before during after Can you think of any more?

15 CD-CX 2 ind. + 1 or more dep. COMPLEX 1 ind. + 1 or more dep. COMPOUND 2 ind. Clauses SIMPLE 1 ind. Clause CD-CX- 2 ind. + 1 or more dep. COMPLEX- 1 ind. + 1 or more dep. COMPOUND- 2 ind. clauses SIMPLE- 1 independent clause


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