Presentation on theme: "What is so significant about Significant Figures"— Presentation transcript:
1What is so significant about Significant Figures What is so significant about Significant Figures? The number of significant figures expressed in a measurement or calculation implies how precisely the quantity has been measured or calculated.
2Significant figure or not? All non-zero digits are significantAll zeroes between significant digits are also significantZeros at the beginning of a number are NOT significantAll zeros at the end of a number and after the decimal are significantZeros at the end of whole number may or may not be significant. We will always assume that they are as in (use of scientific notation eliminates any ambiguity. For example x 10³ has four, and 2.8 x 10³ has only two)
3How many significant figures? 0.6090369700.001323.0019.00000.0301
4Try This!With your ruler and calculator determine the volume of your cube in cubic centimetersVrectangle = l x w x h
5Could you really calculate the volume of your cube as 15.625cm³? By reporting your answer this way you tell me that you measure its volume to within 1/1000th or .001 of a cubic centimeter, or about the volume of a grain of sand.
6Making Measurements with proper precision The significant figures in any measurement are the digits that are known plus one digit that is estimated.How many significant figures should you have in your measurement of the cubes length?3 cm? 2.5 cm? cm ? cm?
11Performing Calculations When multiplying or dividing quantities, round off the answer to leave as many significant figures as there are in the original quantity with the least number of significant figuresWhen adding or subtracting quantities, round off the answer to leave the same number of decimal places as you have in the original quantity that has the least number of decimal places.
12Perform the operations below and provide an answer with the correct number of significant figures 3.00m · 9.1m · m =67.0m / s =65s s + .9s =18.66m³ m³ m³802mg g kg =
13Recalculate the volume of the cube using correct significant figures beginning with the measured length and then the correct number of significant figures for all calculations