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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem G2.a How Do I Apply Properties of Right Triangles including The Pythagorean Theorem? Course 3 Warm Up Warm Up Problem of the Day Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Warm Up Use a calculator to find each value. Round to the nearest hundredth. 1. 30 2. 14 3. 55 4. 48 5.48 3.74 7.42 6.93

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Problem of the Day A side of a square A is 5 times the length of a side of square B. How many times as great is the area of square A than the area of square B? 25

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Learn to use the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems. Course 3 The Pythagorean Theorem

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Pythagorean Theorem leg hypotenuse Vocabulary

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Pythagoras was born on the Aegean island of Samos. He is best known for the Pythagorean Theorem, which relates the side lengths of a right triangle.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem 4 5 c c 6 Pythagorean Theorem Substitute for a and b. a 2 + b 2 = c 2 4 2 + 5 2 = c 2 16 + 25 = c 2 41 = c Simplify powers. Solve for c; c = c 2. Example 1: Finding the Length of a Hypotenuse Find the length of the hypotenuse to the nearest hundredth. 41 = c 2

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Check It Out: Example 1 5 7 c c 9 Pythagorean Theorem Substitute for a and b. a 2 + b 2 = c 2 5 2 + 7 2 = c 2 25 + 49 = c 2 74 = c Simplify powers. Solve for c; c = c 2. Find the length of the hypotenuse to the nearest hundredth.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Example 2: Finding the Length of a Leg in a Right Triangle 25 7 b Find the positive square root. b = 24 a 2 + b 2 = c 2 7 2 + b 2 = 25 2 49 + b 2 = 625 –49 b 2 = 576 Solve for the unknown side in the right triangle to the nearest tenth. Pythagorean Theorem Substitute for a and c. Simplify powers. Subtract 49 from each side.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Check It Out: Example 2 b 11 12 4 b a 2 + b 2 = c 2 4 2 + b 2 = 12 2 16 + b 2 = 144 –16 b 2 = 128 Find the positive square root. Solve for the unknown side in the right triangle to the nearest tenth. Pythagorean Theorem Substitute for a and c. Simplify powers. Subtract 16 from both sides.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Check It Out: Example 3 a 2 + b 2 = c 2 11 2 + 7 2 = c 2 121 + 49 = c 2 170 = c 2 c 13 Find the positive square root. Substitute for a and b. Pythagorean Theorem The two birds are approximately 13 miles apart. Two birds leave the same spot at the same time. The first bird flies to his nest 11 miles south, while the other bird flies to his nest 7 miles west. How far apart are the two birds after they reach their nests? Simplify powers. Add.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Example 3: Using the Pythagorean Theorem for Measurement a 2 + b 2 = c 2 10 2 + 15 2 = c 2 100 + 225 = c 2 325 = c 2 c 18 Find the positive square root. Substitute for a and b. Pythagorean Theorem The two planes are approximately 18 miles apart. Two airplanes leave the same airport at the same time. The first plane flies to a landing strip 10 miles south, while the other plane flies to an airport 15 miles west. How far apart are the two planes after they land? Simplify powers. Add.

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Course 3 4-8 The Pythagorean Theorem Lesson Quiz 1. Find the height h of the triangle. 2. Find the length of side c to the nearest meter. 3. An escalator in a shopping mall is 40 ft long and 32 ft tall. What distance does the escalator carry shoppers? 8 m 12 m h c 10 m 6 m9 m Use the figure for Problems 1 and 2. 2624 51 ft

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