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Essential Question What was the impact of the Cold War on American society? What was the impact of the Cold War on American society?

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Question What was the impact of the Cold War on American society? What was the impact of the Cold War on American society?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Essential Question What was the impact of the Cold War on American society? What was the impact of the Cold War on American society?

2 West Germany GB, US, FR sectors attempted to unite into one government GB, US, FR sectors attempted to unite into one government Soviets opposed this unification Soviets opposed this unification

3 Division of Germany West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) formed in Sept. 1949 West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) formed in Sept. 1949 East Germany (German Democratic Republic) formed in Oct. 1949 East Germany (German Democratic Republic) formed in Oct. 1949

4 Berlin Airlift USSR blockaded West Berlin USSR blockaded West Berlin No trucks, barges, or trains could bring in supplies to its 2.5 million residents No trucks, barges, or trains could bring in supplies to its 2.5 million residents

5 Berlin Airlift For more than 10 months, British and American planes flew in supplies For more than 10 months, British and American planes flew in supplies 200,000 flights 200,000 flights 2.3 million tons of supplies 2.3 million tons of supplies

6 Berlin Airlift

7 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization North Atlantic Treaty Organization Formed in 1949 of western nations Formed in 1949 of western nations Treaty agreeing to help one another if attacked Treaty agreeing to help one another if attacked

8 Warsaw Pact Formed by the Soviet Union in 1955 Formed by the Soviet Union in 1955 Formal military alliance of eastern nations Formal military alliance of eastern nations

9 Eastern Europe

10 China Communists seized control of the government in 1949 under the leadership of Mao Zedong Communists seized control of the government in 1949 under the leadership of Mao Zedong

11 Korea U.S. and Soviet troops divided Korea after WWII at the 38 th parallel U.S. and Soviet troops divided Korea after WWII at the 38 th parallel Soviets gave military aid to North Korea Soviets gave military aid to North Korea

12 Korean War Began in 1950 Began in 1950 Communist government of North Korea (with the help of the USSR) attempted to invade South Korea Communist government of North Korea (with the help of the USSR) attempted to invade South Korea

13 Korean War Sept. 15, 1950 – MacArthur made a daring invasion into North Korea and pushed the enemy north of the 38 th parallel Sept. 15, 1950 – MacArthur made a daring invasion into North Korea and pushed the enemy north of the 38 th parallel

14 Korean War China entered the war as they saw the advancing troops China entered the war as they saw the advancing troops MacArthur wanted to invade China, use atomic weapons MacArthur wanted to invade China, use atomic weapons

15 Truman vs. MacArthur The general publicly criticized Truman for not moving against China The general publicly criticized Truman for not moving against China Truman fired him for insubordination in April 1951 Truman fired him for insubordination in April 1951

16 Korean War Armistice signed in July 1953 Armistice signed in July 1953 No land gained by either side No land gained by either side Marked the expansion of the Cold War in Asia Marked the expansion of the Cold War in Asia

17 The Cold War and American Society

18 The Red Scare Rumors and accusations of Communists in the U.S. in government Rumors and accusations of Communists in the U.S. in government

19 Loyalty Review Program 1947-1951 1947-1951 Over 6 million federal employees screened to determine who was loyal to the U.S. Over 6 million federal employees screened to determine who was loyal to the U.S.

20 J. Edgar Hoover Director of the FBI Director of the FBI Urged public hearings to expose Communists and Communist sympathizers Urged public hearings to expose Communists and Communist sympathizers Infiltrated groups, wiretaps, etc. Infiltrated groups, wiretaps, etc.

21 HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee Find communists in the government

22 Alger Hiss Named as a spy and a member of the Communist Party Named as a spy and a member of the Communist Party Lied under oath and was convicted of perjury Lied under oath and was convicted of perjury

23 The Rosenbergs Belief that American Communists sold secrets to the Soviets about constructing atomic bombs Belief that American Communists sold secrets to the Soviets about constructing atomic bombs Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for this charge Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for this charge

24 Joseph McCarthy U.S. senator from Wisconsin U.S. senator from Wisconsin Proclaimed Communists were part of the U.S. government Proclaimed Communists were part of the U.S. government

25 Quote, McCarthy While I cannot take the time to name all the men in the State Department who have been named as members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring, I have here in my hand a list of 205 that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy of the State Department.

26 McCarthyism McCarthy became chairman of the senate subcommittee on investigations McCarthy became chairman of the senate subcommittee on investigations He used vague and flimsy charges that damaged reputations He used vague and flimsy charges that damaged reputations

27 Nuclear War How did the U.S. population respond to the threat of nuclear war? How did the U.S. population respond to the threat of nuclear war? Bomb shelters, drills Bomb shelters, drills

28 Long Range U.S. Nuclear Missiles B-52 bomber for flying across continents and drop nuclear bombs B-52 bomber for flying across continents and drop nuclear bombs Intercontinental ballistic missiles (IBCMs) Intercontinental ballistic missiles (IBCMs)

29 Sputnik Crisis Launched by the USSR on Oct. 4, 1957 Launched by the USSR on Oct. 4, 1957 First artificial satellite to orbit the earth First artificial satellite to orbit the earth

30 NASA Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Research in rocket science and space exploration Research in rocket science and space exploration

31 CIA President Eisenhower agreed to use the Central Intelligence Agency for covert missions to prevent communist activity in other nations President Eisenhower agreed to use the Central Intelligence Agency for covert missions to prevent communist activity in other nations


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