18 The Red ScareRumors and accusations of Communists in the U.S. in government
19 Loyalty Review Program Over 6 million federal employees screened to determine who was loyal to the U.S.
20 J. Edgar Hoover Director of the FBI Urged public hearings to expose Communists and Communist sympathizersInfiltrated groups, wiretaps, etc.
21 HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee Find communists in the government
22 Alger Hiss Named as a spy and a member of the Communist Party Lied under oath and was convicted of perjury
23 The RosenbergsBelief that American Communists sold secrets to the Soviets about constructing atomic bombsJulius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for this charge
24 Joseph McCarthy U.S. senator from Wisconsin Proclaimed Communists were part of the U.S. government
25 Quote, McCarthy“While I cannot take the time to name all the men in the State Department who have been named as members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring, I have here in my hand a list of 205 that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy of the State Department.”
26 McCarthyismMcCarthy became chairman of the senate subcommittee on investigationsHe used vague and flimsy charges that damaged reputations
27 Nuclear WarHow did the U.S. population respond to the threat of nuclear war?Bomb shelters, drills
28 Long Range U.S. Nuclear Missiles B-52 bomber for flying across continents and drop nuclear bombsIntercontinental ballistic missiles (IBCMs)
29 Sputnik Crisis Launched by the USSR on Oct. 4, 1957 First artificial satellite to orbit the earth
30 NASACongress created the National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationResearch in rocket science and space exploration
31 CIAPresident Eisenhower agreed to use the Central Intelligence Agency for covert missions to prevent communist activity in other nations