# Sig. Figs. Essential Questions: What are sig. figs?

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Sig. Figs. Essential Questions: What are sig. figs?
How are they used in science? What rules are used to govern sig. figs. when doing calculations?

What are Sig. Figs? They are those digits that carry meaning contributing to a measurement or value’s accuracy. Sig. Figs. is short for “significant figures or digits.”

The Rules to follow when identifying which digits are significant.
ALL non-zero numbers are always significant. Ex. 1, 234 cm or g Zeros between non-zero numbers are always significant. Ex. 2, 008 m Zeros to the left are never significant Ex kg (You only count the 5 and 2 as significant.)

The Rules cont. 4. Zeros to the right of a non-zero number when a decimal is involved are significant Ex mL (The decimal makes the last zero significant.) or g (The three zeros after the five are significant, while the zero to the left is not.) 25,000 g (Only the 2 and 5 are significant, because there is NO decimal present!) 5. All Exact values are significant, even if they contain zeros. Ex. 1,760 yds = 1.0 miles s = 1 min.

Try some… Determine the number of sig. figs. in each value. 300,500 g m 1,234, mL 100 cm 250. hg

The Answers… 1. 4 (The zeros after the 5 do not count, because no decimal is present. The first two zeros are counted, because they are in-between non-zero numbers.) (All of the digits are significant.) (All digits are significant.) (Only the 1 is significant, because there is no decimal to include the zeros.) 5. 3 (All the digits are significant; there is a decimal.)