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The Road to the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICAN REVOLUTION (EVENTS, PEOPLE, AND BATTLES)

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Presentation on theme: "The Road to the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICAN REVOLUTION (EVENTS, PEOPLE, AND BATTLES)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Road to the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICAN REVOLUTION (EVENTS, PEOPLE, AND BATTLES)

2 How did the Georgia colonists feel? Many colonists did not like the taxes imposed by Britain, but Georgia had been very prosperous and grown under British rule. Merchants relied on British trade. Many colonists felt like they should be able to take part in making the laws. Georgians also still feared attacks by the Native Americans if they were not protected by Britain. CAN YOU THINK OF OTHER REASONS?

3 1774 First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia- Georgia did not send a delegate Why do you believe that Georgia was not present at the 1 st Continental Congress

4 First Continental Congress Philadelphia Reps- all colonies except GA Passed resolves- intentions: Boycott all British trade until Intolerable Acts repealed Told MA colonists- form govt and hold all taxes until act repealed Encouraged colonists- arm selves- form militias

5 Georgias Response to the Acts NO delegates to the First Continental Congress NO delegates to the First Continental Congress Most Georgians followed old rules Most Georgians followed old rules A minority group of 30 men met twice at Peter Tondees Tavern about the Acts A minority group of 30 men met twice at Peter Tondees Tavern about the Acts LIBERTY BOYS s/player/bcpid ?bctid= LIBERTY BOYS s/player/bcpid ?bctid= s/player/bcpid ?bctid= s/player/bcpid ?bctid= GA felt needed to keep good relations with the British- military and economy GA felt needed to keep good relations with the British- military and economy

6 A Colony Divided Loyalists- Colonists who supported Great Britain Patriots- Colonists who supported the revolution Even at the point of the first battle in the war for independence, many Georgians were undecided as to who they supported

7 The Shot Heard Round the World April 1775 Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War Colonists had to decide whether they were Loyalists (loyal to Britain) or Patriots (rebelled against Britain) Colonists had to decide whether they were Loyalists (loyal to Britain) or Patriots (rebelled against Britain) Loyalists were also called Tories Loyalists were also called Tories Patriots were also called Whigs Patriots were also called Whigs

8 Paul Reveres House

9 Old North Church

10 Boston North End- near Paul Reveres House

11 Loyalists and Patriots in GA Loyalists (Tories) most numerous in GA- felt England was helping them Loyalists (Tories) most numerous in GA- felt England was helping them Quakers and the Salzburgers Quakers and the Salzburgers Many in coastal Georgia since merchants Many in coastal Georgia since merchants Patriots (Whigs) hated the taxes imposed on them Patriots (Whigs) hated the taxes imposed on them Scots around Darien, the Jews in Savannah Scots around Darien, the Jews in Savannah Upcountry area, Augusta Upcountry area, Augusta

12 Moving Towards Independence

13 The Second Continental Congress 1775 Reps met in Philadelphia and voted to cut off trade with GA because of its early actions and lack of action. A Continental Army is created and George Washington is General.

14 GA and the 2 nd Continental Congress 3 representatives to be sent to Philadelphia. Georgia joined the other colonies and : 1-boycott of British goods and 2-threatened to declare independence if not given rights as Brit citizens

15 Decision of Independence Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence Georgia delegates signed the Declaration Lyman Hall Button Gwinnett George Walton July 4, 1776, Congress adopted the document August 2, 1776, Congress signed the document

16 Button Gwinnett Planter who was elected to Georgias Commons House of Assembly in 1769 Joined the Continental Congress in 1776 Helped pass Georgias first constitution in 1777, and was appointed Georgias Commander in Chief Died May 19, 1777 In a dual with another military leader

17 George Walton Patriot- Very active in the revolutionary government Captured by British in Savannah in released and elected Governor of colony Served again as representative in congress In early years of republic, he served as Chief Justice of Georgia, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, part of the electoral college, governor, US Senator, and justice of state superior court.

18 Lyman Hall Owned plantation in Georgia Elected to Continental Congress involved in provisioning food and medicine for the Revolutionary Armies Fled to Connecticut when his property was burned by British and he was accused of High Treason returned to Georgia in 1782, to reclaim his lands, was elected to the House of Assembly in 1783 and then elevated to the office of the Governor

19 Georgia Takes Action Nobel W. Jones and Joseph Habersham led a group of Patriots in stealing 600 pounds of royal gunpowder in Savannah. Governor Wright sent a letter to England requesting more troops, but the South Carolinians intercepted it and sent a fake letter saying things were okay in GA. Provincial Congress to govern

20 Fighting In Georgia Battle of the Rice Boats – 1776 Took place in the Savannah Harbor-PATRIOTS burned rice boats to keep the British from getting the rice- Gov. Wright captured and left on British ship Three attempts to capture land in East Florida Battle of Savannah - December Patriots against 2000 British The British troops captured Savannah, Wright returns as Governor Britain captures Sunbury, Midway and then Augusta-The Creek helped them gain control of Georgia

21 Fighting In Georgia Battle of Kettle Creek – January 1779 Patriots with Colonels Elijah Clarke and Austin Dabney, along with General Nathaniel Greene from South Carolina defeated the Loyalist militia at Augusta small battle, showed Patriot power Patriots gained ammunition, guns, horses Success won over many neutral colonists Ended British threat in back country

22 Siege of Savannah-Fall 1779 Patriots attempt to retake the city of Savannah Three week battle Attack failed 1000 Patriots/allies killed SAVANNAH UNDER ATTACK:

23 End of the War Colonel Elijah Clarke led GA and SC troops in taking back Augusta, June 1781 British General Cornwallis was defeated at the Battle of Yorktown- last battle- Oct Spring British troops gave up Savannah and left Georgia The signing of the Treaty of Paris officially ended the American Revolution-1783

24 Important People of the Revolutionary War Era Austin Dabney – Free man of mixed parentage – Fought at Kettle Creek and was wounded – Revolutionary War hero, 1 st Black to own land in GA Nancy Hart – Held 5-6 British soldiers or Tories at gunpoint in her house – Hart County is named for her and is the only county in GA named for a woman THE NANCY HART STORY 1?bctid= ?bctid=

25 Creating a Government FOR THE COUNTRY: FOR THE COUNTRY: ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 1778 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 1778 FOR THE STATE: FOR THE STATE: FIRST GEORGIA CONSTITUTION 1777 FIRST GEORGIA CONSTITUTION 1777

26 Articles of Confederation First form of a constitution Button Gwinnett helped in writing them Congress could declare war, sign treaties, deliver mail, and create money States had the most power but only one vote each in Congress

27 Weaknesses of the Articles Congress could not collect taxes, so it couldnt pay for the war Congress could not control trade or enforce laws Congress could not pay the soldiers, so they gave many of them land instead Shays Rebellion showed that the Articles needed to be revised

28 Constitutional Convention of 1787 This convention was held to write a new Constitution 2 Georgia reps who signed Constitution: 1-Abraham Baldwin and 2-William Few

29 GAs State Constitution Georgias first constitution set up a unicameral legislature (1 house) Georgias second constitution set up a bicameral legislature (2 houses) The bicameral consists of a Senate and a House of Reps. Also, GA set up 3 branches of government: legislative, judicial, and executive


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