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Understanding and Improving Your School Grade

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How is my school doing? ٭ Compared to STANDARDS ٭ Compared to SELF ٭ Compared to OTHERS

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Angle #1: The School Accountability Report Compared to Standards Angle # 2: Gold Report Compared to Self Angle # 3: School Comparison Graphs Compared to Others Angle # 4: FCAT 2003 SSS State Report of School Results Compared to Others Four Different Reports/Four Different Angles

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Understanding FCAT Reports PART A

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What is the purpose of FCAT? Assess student achievement of the Sunshine State Standards (SSS) benchmarks in Reading, Writing, Science, and Mathematics Compare the performance of Florida students with students across the nation using a norm- referenced test (NRT) in reading comprehension and mathematics problem solving

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What kinds and how many FCAT Student Reports do schools receive? 1.SSS - Reading and Mathematics (Grades 3-10) 2. NRT - Reading and Mathematics (Grades 3 – 10) 3. SSS - Writing (Grades 4, 8, & 10) 4. SSS - Science (Grades 5, 8, & 11) 5. SSS - Performance Task Questions (Grades 4, 5, 8, 10 & 11)

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Which students are tested? Most students, including limited English proficient (LEP) and exceptional student education (ESE) students, enrolled in the tested grade levels participate in the FCAT administration. Special accommodations are available and provided to eligible ESE and LEP students.

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What types of questions are on the FCAT? Students choose the best answer out of four answer choices SSS and NRT All grades (3 - 11) 1 point each Scored by the computer Multiple-choice questions

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Gridded-response Students figure out a numeric answer and bubble it on a grid SSS Mathematics (Grades 5 – 10) SSS Science (Grades 8 and 11) 1 point each Scored by the computer What types of questions are on the FCAT?

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Performance Tasks Students answer questions in their own words in reading and show their solutions to mathematics questions or respond to science questions Two Types: ˜ Short response: 5 min. (0, 1,or 2 pts.) ˜ Extended response: min. (0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 pts.) FCAT SSS Grades 4 (reading), 5 (mathematics), 8 (reading and mathematics), 10 (reading and mathematics) and 11 (science) Scored by at least two people What types of question are on the FCAT?

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Essay for an assigned topic (prompt) Grades 4, 8, and 10 Expository or Narrative (Grade 4) Expository or Persuasive (Grades 8 and 10) The highest score is 6 points. Score reported is the average of two trained scorers scores. What types of questions are on FCAT Writing?

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Note: Items are classified on the cognitive demand inherent in the test item, not on assumptions about the students approach to the item. How are test questions classified on FCAT?

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Can be used to interpret trends in student performance Are used to report student scores so the scores reported from year to year can be compared Range from 100 – 500 What are scale scores? 100 Points 500 Points

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What are the FCAT achievement levels? Describe the success a student has achieved on the Florida SSS Reading or Mathematics portion of the test Range from 1 to 5 with Level 1 the lowest and Level 5 the highest Are based on scale scores that range from 100 to 500 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4Level 5 Note: FCAT SSS Science Levels for grades 5, 8, and 11 will be reported beginning March The FCAT Writing scoring is based on POINTS that range from 1 to 6.

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A type of scale score Used to determine a students annual progress from grade to grade Range from What are Developmental Scale Scores (DSS)? On the Student Report the Developmental Scale Score is called the FCAT Score.

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GradeLevel 1Level 2Level 3Level 4Level FCAT Achievement Levels and Developmental Scores Reading

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GradeLevel 1Level 2Level 3Level 4Level FCAT Achievement Levels and Developmental Scores Mathematics

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What kind of information is included on the FCAT SSS Reading and Mathematics Student Report?

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2003 Mathematics Content Scores Content AreasPoints PossiblePoints Earned Number Sense119 Measurement107 Geometry1412 Algebraic Thinking 1411 Data Analysis1110 FCAT SSS Content Scores Report

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Note: This student passed the Reading section and scored above the states mean score for three years in a row.

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What kind of information is included on the FCAT NRT Reading and Mathematics Student Report?

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The NRT scores describe the student performance in relation to the performance of students throughout the nation. The National Percentile Rank indicates the percent of all students in the national sample who scored equal to or below the students score. They range from 1 to 99. Stanine scores divide the distribution of scores into nine equal parts (1 – 9) and are not as variable as percentile ranks.

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Content Areas Report

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What kind of information is included on the FCAT SSS Science Student Report?

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Note: The score is a number between 100 and 500 (NO DSS) FCAT Science Content Score 334 HighestMiddleLowest State Comparison Score FCAT Science Score FCAT SSS Science Student Report

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What kind of information is included on FCAT Writing Student Report?

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PART B Using FCAT Reports to Improve Your School Grade

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How are students FCAT scores used to calculate schools performance grades?

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Which students FCAT scores are used to calculate the school performance grade? For High Standards Standard curriculum (ESOL students more than 2 years and ESE students in hospital/homebound, gifted or speech impaired) For Learning Gains All students with current and prior FCAT scores (includes all LEP and ESE) Grades 3 – 10 Enrolled in the same school, October and February

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Sunshine Elementary School School Accountability Report

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How many points are needed for each school performance grade? F F D D C C B B A A

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3/ % from Reading 2/ % from Mathematics 1/ % from Writing RR R MM W

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High StandardsLearning Gains M R R W M R 3/6 - 50%

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Which FCAT scores count toward High Standards? In Reading and Mathematics Percent scoring FCAT Levels 3 and above In Writing Percent scoring 3.5 or higher

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How can students demonstrate annual learning gains? Improved FCAT Achievement Levels from one year to the next (i.e., 1-2, 2-3, 3-4, 4-5) Maintained satisfactory Achievement Levels from one year to the next (i.e., 3-3, 4-4, 5-5) Remained within Levels 1 or 2 and demonstrated more than one years growth on the FCAT developmental scale Note: Retained students in Levels 1 and 2 must improve by at least one level to demonstrate learning gains (i.e., 1-2, 2-3).

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What are Developmental Scale Scores (DSS)? Range from 86 to 3008 Are based on FCAT SSS student scale scores which range from 100 to 500 Provide information whether a student has made year-to-year progress Are used to determine if students who remained within Level 1 or 2 had more than one years growth Note: Retained students must move up a Level.

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How much is more than one years growth on the FCAT Developmental scale?

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42 Level 1

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Please, dont panic!!! The student report is showing learning gains.

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44 Level –1238 =138 and 138> 48 Note:This 10 th grade student stayed within Level 1, below the state mean, but demonstrated more than a years growth on the FCAT DSS. Find the difference between the last two DSS Mathematics Passing Score is 300 or above/ DSS 1926 or above

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45 Level 2 Passed the Math test Did NOT pass the Reading test

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46 Reading Passing Score: 300 or above/ DSS 1926 or above 1856 – 1776 = 80 DSS; 80 > 77 This student stayed within Level 2, below the states mean, had more than a years growth from 9 th to 10 th ; but, did NOT pass the Reading section). Level 2 Find the difference between the last two DSS

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47 Mathematics Passing Score: 300 or above/ DSS 1889 or above 1930 – 1883 = 47; 47 < 49 This student stayed within Level 2, below the states mean in 8 th and 10 th (above in 8 th ), DID NOT have a years growth from 9 th to 10 th; but, passed the Mathematics section. Level 2 Find the difference between the last two DSS

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48 Level 1Level 2

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49 3 rd to 4 th : = 295; 295 > 230 (YES) 4 th to 5 th : 1341 – 1291 = 50; 50 < 167 (NO) This student stayed within Level 1, scored below the states means, made more than ONE years growth from 3 rd to 4 th grade, but NOT from 4 th to 5 th grade.

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50 3 rd to 4 th : 1303 – 1083 = 220; 220 > 162 (YES) 4 th to 5 th : 1456 – 1303 = 153; 153 > 119 (YES) This student stayed within Level 2, scored below the states means, made more than a years growth from 3 rd to 4 th and from 4 th to 5 th grade.

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Grade Level DSSLevelY/N 31001N/A 43311Y 54981Y 66321Y 77431Y 88361Y 99141Y Y 10 TH Passing Score: Is demonstrating more than a years growth on the FCAT developmental scale for SEVEN years enough to pass the test in 10 th grade?

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Angle # 1: School Accountability Report Compared to Standards

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High Standards 50% of School Grade Learning Gains 50% of School Grade 46 – 44 = – 35 = – 79 = = = = School Accountability Report

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NO Learning Gains in Third Grade

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Angle # 2: Gold Report Compared to Self

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1. Are your schools demographic changing? 2. If yes, in what way(s) are they changing?

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3. Is the percent of students in Level 1 decreasing or increasing ? 4. Is the percent of students at Level 3 and above decreasing or increasing? From 47 to 29 From 35 to 25 From 36 to 28

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FCAT SSS Reading Why?

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FCAT SSS Mathematics Why?

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Angle # 3: School Comparison Graphs Compared to Others

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Previous Year Comparison Graphs

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80% or higher 1. How many schools similar to your school earned more points meeting High Standards in Reading?

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2. How many schools similar to your school earned more points meeting High Standards in Mathematics?

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3. How many schools similar to your school earned more points meeting High Standards in Writing?

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4. How many schools similar to your school earned more points making Learning Gains in Reading?

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5. How many schools similar to your school earned more points making Learning Gains in in Mathematics?

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6. How many schools similar to your school earned more points making Learning Gains with their Lowest 25% in Reading?

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7. How many schools similar to your school earned more points than your school?

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Angle # 4: FCAT State Report of School Results Compared to Others

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1. How does your school percent of students at each FCAT level compare to the state and to other similar schools for each grade level? Mean DSS Change

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2. How does your school average DSS change compare to the state and to other similar schools for each grade level?

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The nation is in desperate need of educators who have: A knowledgeable mind, A caring heart, and The ability to communicate.

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What can teachers do in class to improve students performance on the FCAT? 1.Use questions that require students to explain their answers. 2.Have students apply their Reading and Mathematics skills using challenging content from all subjects 3.Use open-ended question formats that are similar to FCAT.

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What can teachers do in class to improve students performance on the FCAT? 4. Rate and grade students work using FCAT rubrics so students can become familiar with WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM ON THE FCAT. 5. Use and develop questions for class discussions and tests that are the same cognitive rigor as those on the FCAT.

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79 Final Activity: Fill in each of the above SIX area boxes with the points you expect your school to earn. 1. How many total points will your school earn ? 2. What performance school grade will your school receive?

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Department of Research, Evaluation, and Accountability Dr. Marc Baron, Chief of Performance Accountability Nancy Brito, Instructional Specialist , PX47521

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