Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byMaude Peters Modified over 7 years ago

2
Standard #22.0 12D Geometric Sequences

3
GeometricSequence What if your pay check started at $100 a week and doubled every week. What would your salary be after four weeks?

4
GeometricSequence Starting $100. After one week - $200 After two weeks - $400 After three weeks - $800 After four weeks - $1600. These values form a geometric sequence.

5
Geometric Sequence Geometric Sequence: a sequence in which each term after the first is found by multiplying the previous term by a constant value called the common ratio.

6
Geometric Sequence Find the first five terms of the geometric sequence with a 1 = -3 and common ratio (r) of 5. -3, -15, -75, -375, -1875

7
Geometric Sequence Find the common ratio of the sequence 2, -4, 8, -16, 32, … To find the common ratio, divide any term by the previous term. 8 ÷ -4 = -2 r = -2

8
Geometric Sequence Just like arithmetic sequences, there is a formula for finding any given term in a geometric sequence. Let ’ s figure it out using the pay check example.

9
Geometric Sequence To find the 5th term we look 100 and multiplied it by two four times. Repeated multiplication is represented using exponents.

10
Geometric Sequence Basically we will take $100 and multiply it by 2 4 a 5 = 1002 4 = 1600 A 5 is the term we are looking for, 100 was our a 1, 2 is our common ratio, and 4 is n-1.

11
Examples Thus our formula for finding any term of a geometric sequence is a n = a 1 r n-1 Find the 10th term of the geometric sequence with a 1 = 2000 and a common ratio of 1 / 2.

12
Examples a 10 = 2000 ( 1 / 2 ) 9 = 2000 1 / 512 = 2000 / 512 = 500 / 128 = 250 / 64 = 125 / 32 Find the next two terms in the sequence -64, -16, -4...

13
Examples -64, -16, -4, __, __ We need to find the common ratio so we divide any term by the previous term. -16/-64 = 1/4 So we multiply by 1/4 to find the next two terms.

14
Examples -64, -16, -4, -1, -1/4

15
Geometric Means Just like with arithmetic sequences, the missing terms between two nonconsecutive terms in a geometric sequence are called geometric means.

16
Geometric Means Looking at the geometric sequence 3, 12, 48, 192, 768 the geometric means between 3 and 768 are 12, 48, and 192. Find two geometric means between -5 and 625.

17
Geometric Means -5, __, __, 625 We need to know the common ratio. Since we only know nonconsecutive terms we will have to use the formula and work backwards.

18
Geometric Means -5, __, __, 625 625 is a 4, -5 is a 1. 625 = -5r 4-1 divide by -5 -125 = r 3 take the cube root of both sides -5 = r

19
Geometric Means -5, __, __, 625 Now we just need to multiply by -5 to find the means. -5 -5 = 25 -5, 25, __, 625 25 -5 = -125 -5, 25, -125, 625

20
Standard #22.0 Learning Target 12E Geometric Series

21
Geometric Series Geometric Series - the sum of the terms of a geometric sequence. Geo. Sequence: 1, 3, 9, 27, 81 Geo. Series: 1+3 + 9 + 27 + 81 What is the sum of the geometric series?

22
Geometric Series 1 + 3 + 9 + 27 + 81 = 121 The formula for the sum S n of the first n terms of a geometric series is given by

23
Geometric Series use a 1 = -3, r = 2, n = 4

24
Geometric Series use a 1 = -3, r = 2, n = 4

25
Geometric Series

Similar presentations

© 2023 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google