Presentation on theme: "Phrases A phrase is a group of related words that functions as a single part of speech. A phrase does not have a subject or a verb."— Presentation transcript:
1 PhrasesA phrase is a group of related words that functions as a single part of speech.A phrase does not have a subject or a verb.
2 I. Prepositional Phrases Begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronounThere are two types of prepositional phrases
3 I. Prepositional Phrases Adjective PhrasesA prepositional phrase used to modify a noun or a pronoun
4 I. Prepositional Phrases Adjective Phrase ExampleSingle AdjectiveDid you see the shuttle launch?Adjective PhraseDid you see the launch of the shuttle?
5 I. Prepositional Phrases A single adjective and an adjective phrase answer the same questions: Which ones? and What kind?Which one(s)?Did you read the article about the space shuttle?What Kind?The launch was the first since the Challenger disaster.
6 I. Prepositional Phrases An adjective phrase usually modifies the noun or pronoun directly in front of it. Occasionally, that word will be the object of the preposition of another phrase.StandardThe new part for the shuttle has been installed.Object of P.P.Some of the controls in the cockpit had been damaged.
7 I. Prepositional Phrases Adverb PhrasesAn prepositional phrase used to modify a verb, an adjective, or an adverb
8 I. Prepositional Phrases Adverb Phrase Example:Single AdverbsThe space shuttle soared upward.Adverb PhrasesThe space shuttle soared into the stratosphere.
9 I. Prepositional Phrases A single adverb and an adverb phrase answer the same questions: Where? When? How? To What Extent? and To What Degree.
10 I. Prepositional Phrases Where?The Chinese government is building a dam across the Yangtze River.When?During the last ten years, many people have protested the building of this dam.How?The construction of the dam continues at great expense.Why?(Because) of the annual floods, the Chinese government feels the dam is justified.
11 I. Prepositional Phrases An adverb phrase modifies the whole verb phraseMore than one adverb phrase can modify the same verbExample:Before long, large ships will move up the dammed river.
12 I. Prepositional Phrases Although most adverb phrases modify verbs, some modify adjectives and adverbs.Modifying an AdjectiveNot everyone was happy with the plan.Modifying an AdverbThe effects of the dam will be felt far across China.
13 I. Prepositional Phrases Adverb Phrase PunctuationNo comma: With their help we finished early. (less than four words)Comma: According to the latest news release, butter is better for you than margarine. (four or more words)Comma: In 1879, Dr. Sylvester Graham invented graham crackers. (ends with a date)