2Part Definition Example NounA person, place, thing, or idea.Under the clouds, we felt like fish swimming in suntan oil.PronounA word that takes the place of one or more nounsElectra thought that her tattoo was larger than she expected.VerbA word or phrase that expresses action or a state of beingThe movie starts at 9:00. (action)The movie is terrible. (being)AdjectivesA word that modifies a noun or a pronounThat new blue sports car has aluminum rims. It also has a high-tech GPS system.AdverbA word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverbI instantly realized that I had just insulted the mayor and that she was quite angry with me.PrepositionShows relationships between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence
3Often indicate location, direction, or time. She says she put the book on the table.You head into town.You should go on Saturday.Look in the family room.I will walk toward the gas station.The basketball tournament is held in the spring.
4Some Common Prepositions Hint: Anywhere a mouse can go. aboardbeforedownofftillaboutbehindduringontoabovebelowexceptontotowardacrossbeneathforoppositeunderafterbesidefromoutunderneathagainstbesidesinoutsideuntilalongbetweeninsideoverupamongbeyondintopastuponaroundbut (except)likesincewithasbynearthroughwithinatconcerningofthroughoutwithout
5Prepositional Phrase: a group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun.Object of a preposition: the noun or pronoun at the end of the prepositional phrase.(preposition) (object of prep)We hiked in the early evening.(prepositional phrase)We walked behind the old shed.He would not go near the lake or the ruins.
6Preposition or Adverb? Preposition When the word is part of a prepositional phrase, then it’s a preposition.When the word stands alone, then it’s an adverb.PrepositionWe wanted to keep the dog inside the house.AdverbWhen the sun set, we all went inside.