Presentation on theme: "Volcanic Activity What caused Mt. St. Helens to erupt?"— Presentation transcript:
Volcanic Activity What caused Mt. St. Helens to erupt?
Where do Volcanoes Occur?
Where do volcanoes occur? Along convergent boundaries above subduction zones – Ring of Fire Along divergent boundaries at mid-ocean ridges
Hot Spots Hot Spots are unusually hot regions of Earths mantle where plumes of magma rise to surface Located away from plate boundaries Example: Hawaii
Volcano Status Active – Erupts Regularly – Lifetime can span months to millions of years – Can be currently erupting or showing signs of unrest (earthquakes, emitting gas) – Ex: Mt. St. Helens
Extinct – Unlikely to erupt again – No magma/lava supply – Ex: Hawaiian Islands not over hot spot Dormant – Erupted in past but is now quiet *Difficult to determine status of volcanoes*
Effects of Volcanoes Volcanoes emit water vapor, carbon dioxide, and sulfur dioxide into the air Gases are suspended in atmosphere and block radiation from sun Global temperatures can be affected Health issues for humans (Respiratory) Pyroclastic flows, tephra, lahars (hot mud flow)
Volcano Predictions? Volcanologists study deposits left from previous eruptions Warning Signs: earthquakes activity and gas emissions Seismometers measure EQs and correlation spectrometers measure SO 2 levels
Volcano Safety Structural support – walls, supportive buildings Evacuation procedures Communication between scientists and public
Volcanoes in our Solar System Volcanoes may have been present in the history of other planets – Mars, Venus Volcanoes are active on Jupiter's moon, Io