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Judicial Toolbox Court Programs Specialty Courts Lethality Assessment Tools Judicial Resources & Links GPS Pretrial Release Courtroom Security Victims.

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Presentation on theme: "Judicial Toolbox Court Programs Specialty Courts Lethality Assessment Tools Judicial Resources & Links GPS Pretrial Release Courtroom Security Victims."— Presentation transcript:

1 Judicial Toolbox Court Programs Specialty Courts Lethality Assessment Tools Judicial Resources & Links GPS Pretrial Release Courtroom Security Victims Rights Education Project Court Programs Specialty Courts Lethality Assessment Tools Judicial Resources & Links GPS Pretrial Release Courtroom Security Victims Rights Education Project

2 efinn@glendaleaz.com Special thanks to Yuko Price

3 Early Intervention For Women Living In Domestic Violence Program The program is hosted by the San Antonio Municipal Court. Their program aggressively prosecutes domestic violence Class C misdemeanor cases. It includes initial and follow-up services for victims and their families. The program also provides continual training for law enforcement, legal, and judicial members in domestic violence issues. The program is hosted by the San Antonio Municipal Court. Their program aggressively prosecutes domestic violence Class C misdemeanor cases. It includes initial and follow-up services for victims and their families. The program also provides continual training for law enforcement, legal, and judicial members in domestic violence issues.

4 Their mission is to quickly intervene and provide for the victims safety, hold the batterer accountable, and prevent the violence from escalating into more dangerous crimes (Official Website of the City of San Antonio Municipal Court). http://www.sanantonio.gov/court/ domviol.asp http://www.sanantonio.gov/court/ domviol.asp Their mission is to quickly intervene and provide for the victims safety, hold the batterer accountable, and prevent the violence from escalating into more dangerous crimes (Official Website of the City of San Antonio Municipal Court). http://www.sanantonio.gov/court/ domviol.asp http://www.sanantonio.gov/court/ domviol.asp

5 Address Confidentiality Program An example of the program is hosted by the Office of the Indiana Attorney General. http://www.in.gov/attorneygeneral /legal/victim/address _ confidentiality.html http://www.in.gov/attorneygeneral /legal/victim/address _ confidentiality.html An example of the program is hosted by the Office of the Indiana Attorney General. http://www.in.gov/attorneygeneral /legal/victim/address _ confidentiality.html http://www.in.gov/attorneygeneral /legal/victim/address _ confidentiality.html

6 The program assigns confidential addresses to its participants. Mail received at these confidential addresses is sent to the attorney generals office for processing. Then, first-class mail is forwarded on the to the victims actual homes (Office of the Indiana Attorney General).

7 CASA Program Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) are a program of volunteers who are appointed by judges to speak up for abused and neglected children. Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) are a program of volunteers who are appointed by judges to speak up for abused and neglected children. http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) are a program of volunteers who are appointed by judges to speak up for abused and neglected children. Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) are a program of volunteers who are appointed by judges to speak up for abused and neglected children. http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm http://www.washingatonstatecasa. org/CASA/whatis.htm

8 The volunteers investigate a childs history, facilitate communication between concerned adults, advocate for services and appropriate placement, and ultimately make recommendations – to the judge – in that childs best interest (Washington State CASA). The volunteers investigate a childs history, facilitate communication between concerned adults, advocate for services and appropriate placement, and ultimately make recommendations – to the judge – in that childs best interest (Washington State CASA).

9 Domestic Violence Intake Centers The centers are hosted by the Superior Court of District of Columbia (DC). http://www.dccourts.gov/dccourts/ superior/dv/intake.jsp http://www.dccourts.gov/dccourts/ superior/dv/intake.jsp The centers are hosted by the Superior Court of District of Columbia (DC). http://www.dccourts.gov/dccourts/ superior/dv/intake.jsp http://www.dccourts.gov/dccourts/ superior/dv/intake.jsp

10 The Domestic Violence Intake Centers hear cases in which parties request protection orders. A unique aspect is it is located within DCs Greater Southeast Hospital. Two-week temporary protection orders are processed via teleconferencing. Representatives from the Court and support organizations are on site (Superior Court of DC). The Domestic Violence Intake Centers hear cases in which parties request protection orders. A unique aspect is it is located within DCs Greater Southeast Hospital. Two-week temporary protection orders are processed via teleconferencing. Representatives from the Court and support organizations are on site (Superior Court of DC).

11 Domestic Violence Courts Why? The three most cited reasons for the implementation of specialized court processes for domestic violence cases: Why? The three most cited reasons for the implementation of specialized court processes for domestic violence cases: Improved assistance to victims Improved assistance to victims Enhanced victim safety Enhanced victim safety Increased batterer accountability Increased batterer accountability (Concluded by Susan Keilitz in 2000, working with the National Center for States Courts (NCSC)) Why? The three most cited reasons for the implementation of specialized court processes for domestic violence cases: Why? The three most cited reasons for the implementation of specialized court processes for domestic violence cases: Improved assistance to victims Improved assistance to victims Enhanced victim safety Enhanced victim safety Increased batterer accountability Increased batterer accountability (Concluded by Susan Keilitz in 2000, working with the National Center for States Courts (NCSC))

12 Planning a Domestic Violence Court Robert V. Wolf, Liberty Aldrich and Samantha Moore (2004), Planning a Domestic Violence Court: The New York State Experience, A Center for Court Innovations publication. http://www.courtinnovation.org/ _uploads/documents/ dvplanningdiary.pdf http://www.courtinnovation.org/ _uploads/documents/ dvplanningdiary.pdf Robert V. Wolf, Liberty Aldrich and Samantha Moore (2004), Planning a Domestic Violence Court: The New York State Experience, A Center for Court Innovations publication. http://www.courtinnovation.org/ _uploads/documents/ dvplanningdiary.pdf http://www.courtinnovation.org/ _uploads/documents/ dvplanningdiary.pdf

13 Integrated Domestic Violence Court Model One example of the integrated model is found in the New York Unified Court System. One example of the integrated model is found in the New York Unified Court System. http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml One example of the integrated model is found in the New York Unified Court System. One example of the integrated model is found in the New York Unified Court System. http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml http://www.courts.state.ny.us/ip/ domesticviolence/index.shtml

14 New York State Domestic Violence Courts Fact Sheet Some New York courts use the criminal model defined there as a Domestic Violence Court where a dedicated Judge presides over cases from arraignment through disposition and monitors offenders and their compliance with orders of protection (Shelton 2007). Some New York courts use the criminal model defined there as a Domestic Violence Court where a dedicated Judge presides over cases from arraignment through disposition and monitors offenders and their compliance with orders of protection (Shelton 2007). http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm Some New York courts use the criminal model defined there as a Domestic Violence Court where a dedicated Judge presides over cases from arraignment through disposition and monitors offenders and their compliance with orders of protection (Shelton 2007). Some New York courts use the criminal model defined there as a Domestic Violence Court where a dedicated Judge presides over cases from arraignment through disposition and monitors offenders and their compliance with orders of protection (Shelton 2007). http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us/ ofpa/domviolcrtfactsheet.htm

15 Glendale City Court Treatment Court Judge based monitoring Judge based monitoring No probation services No probation services All DUI and DV defendants assigned to TC All DUI and DV defendants assigned to TC Provider produces progress report Provider produces progress report Compliance specialist checks for: Compliance specialist checks for: Criminal history record created by fingerprints Criminal history record created by fingerprints Financial Obligations Financial Obligations Jail Complete Jail Complete Status of Counseling Status of Counseling Judge based monitoring Judge based monitoring No probation services No probation services All DUI and DV defendants assigned to TC All DUI and DV defendants assigned to TC Provider produces progress report Provider produces progress report Compliance specialist checks for: Compliance specialist checks for: Criminal history record created by fingerprints Criminal history record created by fingerprints Financial Obligations Financial Obligations Jail Complete Jail Complete Status of Counseling Status of Counseling

16 Public defender calls all non compliant defendants prior to TC Court Public defender calls all non compliant defendants prior to TC Court Provider resets up to day prior to TC Provider resets up to day prior to TC Compliance Specialist prepares files using Matrix Compliance Specialist prepares files using Matrix Staffing prior to TC – team all have input for sanctions and rewards Staffing prior to TC – team all have input for sanctions and rewards TC- graduates first, then defendants who are booked for failure to comply Public defender calls all non compliant defendants prior to TC Court Public defender calls all non compliant defendants prior to TC Court Provider resets up to day prior to TC Provider resets up to day prior to TC Compliance Specialist prepares files using Matrix Compliance Specialist prepares files using Matrix Staffing prior to TC – team all have input for sanctions and rewards Staffing prior to TC – team all have input for sanctions and rewards TC- graduates first, then defendants who are booked for failure to comply

17 Contact Kyle Mickel at kmickel@glendaleaz.com

18 Lethality Assessment Tools: A Critical Analysis The author, Neil Websdale, available online by the National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women. The document is a research review on predicting lethal domestic violence, contents of lethal assessment tools, and the usefulness of the instruments and the research (Websdale 2000). http://new.vawnet.org/category/Main _Doc.php?docid=387 http://new.vawnet.org/category/Main _Doc.php?docid=387 The author, Neil Websdale, available online by the National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women. The document is a research review on predicting lethal domestic violence, contents of lethal assessment tools, and the usefulness of the instruments and the research (Websdale 2000). http://new.vawnet.org/category/Main _Doc.php?docid=387 http://new.vawnet.org/category/Main _Doc.php?docid=387

19 DAIP Risk Assessment Questionnaire Duluth Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) Questionnaire: Risk Assessment for Victim Safety http://www.duluth- model.org/documents/23questions.htm http://www.duluth- model.org/documents/23questions.htm Duluth Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) Questionnaire: Risk Assessment for Victim Safety http://www.duluth- model.org/documents/23questions.htm http://www.duluth- model.org/documents/23questions.htm

20 Assessing Lethal and Extremely Dangerous Behavior Assessing Lethal and Extremely Dangerous Behavior is a 30 minute training session designed to prepare a wide range of professionals, including medical, legal and social services professionals, to assist women in evaluating the risk of lethal violence (Minnesota 2003). The training session is free and available online at http://www.stopvaw.org by the Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights.http://www.stopvaw.org Assessing Lethal and Extremely Dangerous Behavior is a 30 minute training session designed to prepare a wide range of professionals, including medical, legal and social services professionals, to assist women in evaluating the risk of lethal violence (Minnesota 2003). The training session is free and available online at http://www.stopvaw.org by the Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights.http://www.stopvaw.org

21 Lethality Assessment by Officers Arizona Rules of Criminal Procedure, Form 4(a) 3. There is an indication of: [ ] Alcohol Abuse 3. There is an indication of: [ ] Alcohol Abuse [ ] Other Substance Abuse [ ] Mental Health Issues [ ] Other Substance Abuse [ ] Mental Health Issues [ ] Physical Illness [ ] Developmental Disability [ ] Physical Illness [ ] Developmental Disability 3. There is an indication of: [ ] Alcohol Abuse 3. There is an indication of: [ ] Alcohol Abuse [ ] Other Substance Abuse [ ] Mental Health Issues [ ] Other Substance Abuse [ ] Mental Health Issues [ ] Physical Illness [ ] Developmental Disability [ ] Physical Illness [ ] Developmental Disability

22 Arizona D. CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE OFFENSE Arizona D. CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE OFFENSE 1. [ ] Defendant used firearm or other weapon, Type: 2. [ ] Defendant injured someone. Explain: 3. [ ] Medical attention was necessary Nature of injuries: 1. [ ] Defendant used firearm or other weapon, Type: 2. [ ] Defendant injured someone. Explain: 3. [ ] Medical attention was necessary Nature of injuries: 4. [ ] Defendant threatened someone Nature of threats: 4. [ ] Defendant threatened someone Nature of threats: 1. [ ] Defendant used firearm or other weapon, Type: 2. [ ] Defendant injured someone. Explain: 3. [ ] Medical attention was necessary Nature of injuries: 1. [ ] Defendant used firearm or other weapon, Type: 2. [ ] Defendant injured someone. Explain: 3. [ ] Medical attention was necessary Nature of injuries: 4. [ ] Defendant threatened someone Nature of threats: 4. [ ] Defendant threatened someone Nature of threats:

23 Arizona E. CRIME(S) AGAINST PERSONS Arizona E. CRIME(S) AGAINST PERSONS 1. Relationship of defendant to victim: 2. [ ] Victim(s) and defendant reside together. 2. [ ] Victim(s) and defendant reside together. 3. Law enforcement learned of the situation by 3. Law enforcement learned of the situation by [ ] Victim [ ] Third Party [ ] Officer observation [ ] Victim [ ] Third Party [ ] Officer observation 4. [ ] Previous incidents involving these same parties 1. Relationship of defendant to victim: 2. [ ] Victim(s) and defendant reside together. 2. [ ] Victim(s) and defendant reside together. 3. Law enforcement learned of the situation by 3. Law enforcement learned of the situation by [ ] Victim [ ] Third Party [ ] Officer observation [ ] Victim [ ] Third Party [ ] Officer observation 4. [ ] Previous incidents involving these same parties

24 5. Defendant is currently the subject of: [ ] Order of Protection [ ] Injunction against Harassment [ ] Other court order: 6. [ ] Likelihood of inappropriate contact 5. Defendant is currently the subject of: [ ] Order of Protection [ ] Injunction against Harassment [ ] Other court order: 6. [ ] Likelihood of inappropriate contact with victim(s) Explain: 7. [ ] Victim(s) expressed an opinion on defendant's release. Explain: with victim(s) Explain: 7. [ ] Victim(s) expressed an opinion on defendant's release. Explain: 5. Defendant is currently the subject of: [ ] Order of Protection [ ] Injunction against Harassment [ ] Other court order: 6. [ ] Likelihood of inappropriate contact 5. Defendant is currently the subject of: [ ] Order of Protection [ ] Injunction against Harassment [ ] Other court order: 6. [ ] Likelihood of inappropriate contact with victim(s) Explain: 7. [ ] Victim(s) expressed an opinion on defendant's release. Explain: with victim(s) Explain: 7. [ ] Victim(s) expressed an opinion on defendant's release. Explain:

25 F. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DEFENDANT ISSUES F. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DEFENDANT ISSUES [ ] Access to or use of weapons [ ] Children/Vulnerable adults present [ ] Crime occurred in public [ ] Control/ownership/jealousy issues [ ] Depression [ ] Frequency/intensity of Domestic Violence increasing [ ] Kidnapping [ ] Access to or use of weapons [ ] Children/Vulnerable adults present [ ] Crime occurred in public [ ] Control/ownership/jealousy issues [ ] Depression [ ] Frequency/intensity of Domestic Violence increasing [ ] Kidnapping

26 F. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DEFENDANT ISSUES (cont) [ ] Potential for multiple violations of court orders [ ] Prior history of Domestic Violence [ ] Prior Protective Order [ ] Recent separations [ ] Stalking behavior [ ] Threats of homicide/suicide/ bodily harm [ ] Violence against children, bodily harm [ ] Violence against children, vulnerable adults or animals vulnerable adults or animals [ ] Potential for multiple violations of court orders [ ] Prior history of Domestic Violence [ ] Prior Protective Order [ ] Recent separations [ ] Stalking behavior [ ] Threats of homicide/suicide/ bodily harm [ ] Violence against children, bodily harm [ ] Violence against children, vulnerable adults or animals vulnerable adults or animals

27 Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse & Neglect Cases The publication by the National Council for Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ), Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse & Neglect Cases, is a highly-rated bench book on juvenile and family court procedures in child abuse and neglect cases. The manuscript is, based upon the experiences of demonstration courts which already have been relatively successful in performing their new role (NCJFCJ 1995). http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/resguid.pdf The publication by the National Council for Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ), Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse & Neglect Cases, is a highly-rated bench book on juvenile and family court procedures in child abuse and neglect cases. The manuscript is, based upon the experiences of demonstration courts which already have been relatively successful in performing their new role (NCJFCJ 1995). http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/resguid.pdf

28 Victims Act Model Courts Project National Council Model Courts Review The manuscript by NCJFCJ, Victims Act Model Courts Project National Council Model Courts Review, is a 10 year review of the participating Model Courts in the Model Courts Project which implement the practices and procedures in Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse & Neglect Cases bench book. http://www.ncjfcj.org/images/stories/pdf /mc%20review%20-%202008.pdf http://www.ncjfcj.org/images/stories/pdf /mc%20review%20-%202008.pdf The manuscript by NCJFCJ, Victims Act Model Courts Project National Council Model Courts Review, is a 10 year review of the participating Model Courts in the Model Courts Project which implement the practices and procedures in Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse & Neglect Cases bench book. http://www.ncjfcj.org/images/stories/pdf /mc%20review%20-%202008.pdf http://www.ncjfcj.org/images/stories/pdf /mc%20review%20-%202008.pdf

29 Judicial Checklist The American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence has provided Judges with a Judicial Checklist to aid in judicial intervention on domestic violence cases. http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ publications/187815-ABA_Checklist- FINAL.pdf http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ publications/187815-ABA_Checklist- FINAL.pdf The American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence has provided Judges with a Judicial Checklist to aid in judicial intervention on domestic violence cases. http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ publications/187815-ABA_Checklist- FINAL.pdf http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ publications/187815-ABA_Checklist- FINAL.pdf

30 AZ Supreme Court The Committee on the Impact of Domestic Violence and the Courts (CIDVC) was formed to improve the administration of justice in issues of domestic violence. The AZ Supreme Courts benchbook on Rules of Protection Order Procedure can be downloaded directly from the website. Order of Protection Virtual Court Tour is a guided tour of the order of protection process for victims of violence. http://www.supreme.state.az.us/cidvc The Committee on the Impact of Domestic Violence and the Courts (CIDVC) was formed to improve the administration of justice in issues of domestic violence. The AZ Supreme Courts benchbook on Rules of Protection Order Procedure can be downloaded directly from the website. Order of Protection Virtual Court Tour is a guided tour of the order of protection process for victims of violence. http://www.supreme.state.az.us/cidvc

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32 GPS Pretrial Release Philadelphia Pretrial Services Tests GPS Tracking for Higher Risk Defendants and Probationers (2005). Article published in the PR Newswire US by the PR Newswire Association LLC. GPS: Your Supervising Officer is Watching (2007). Article published in the Newsletter of the Federal Courts by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Office of Public Affairs. Behavioral Interventions Incorporated (BI) Philadelphia Pretrial Services Tests GPS Tracking for Higher Risk Defendants and Probationers (2005). Article published in the PR Newswire US by the PR Newswire Association LLC. GPS: Your Supervising Officer is Watching (2007). Article published in the Newsletter of the Federal Courts by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Office of Public Affairs. Behavioral Interventions Incorporated (BI)

33 Philadelphia Pretrial Services Tests GPS Tracking for Higher Risk Defendants and Probationers (2005) In an article published by PR Newswire Association (PR Newswire US) titled, Philadelphia Pretrial Services Tests GPS Tracking for Higher Risk Defendants and Probationers (2005), the Philadelphia Pretrial Service discusses one of the first 24-hour, year-round pretrial service programs. http://www.bi.com/content.php?section=news& page=news&detail=07192005 http://www.bi.com/content.php?section=news& page=news&detail=07192005 In an article published by PR Newswire Association (PR Newswire US) titled, Philadelphia Pretrial Services Tests GPS Tracking for Higher Risk Defendants and Probationers (2005), the Philadelphia Pretrial Service discusses one of the first 24-hour, year-round pretrial service programs. http://www.bi.com/content.php?section=news& page=news&detail=07192005 http://www.bi.com/content.php?section=news& page=news&detail=07192005

34 GPS: Your Supervising Officer is Watching (2007) A recent article published by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Office of Public Affairs (Newsletter of the Federal Courts) titled, GPS: Your Supervising Officer is Watching (2007), discusses the increasingly nationwide popularity with GPS monitoring. The article highlights probation and pretrial services, the differences between electronic monitoring & GPS with quotations from current agencies who utilize the technology. http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2007- 04/gps/index.html http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2007- 04/gps/index.html A recent article published by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Office of Public Affairs (Newsletter of the Federal Courts) titled, GPS: Your Supervising Officer is Watching (2007), discusses the increasingly nationwide popularity with GPS monitoring. The article highlights probation and pretrial services, the differences between electronic monitoring & GPS with quotations from current agencies who utilize the technology. http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2007- 04/gps/index.html http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2007- 04/gps/index.html

35 Behavioral Interventions (BI) BI Incorporated is one of several active and passive GPS monitoring providers. BI Incorporated is one of several active and passive GPS monitoring providers. They claim several major agency contracts nationwide. They claim several major agency contracts nationwide. Downloadable brochures are available at www.bi.com Downloadable brochures are available at www.bi.comwww.bi.com How it Works? http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html How it Works? http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html BI Incorporated is one of several active and passive GPS monitoring providers. BI Incorporated is one of several active and passive GPS monitoring providers. They claim several major agency contracts nationwide. They claim several major agency contracts nationwide. Downloadable brochures are available at www.bi.com Downloadable brochures are available at www.bi.comwww.bi.com How it Works? http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html How it Works? http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html http://www.bi.com/gps/GPSworks. html

36 Tips For Enhancing Courtroom Security Judges should: Judges should: carry cell-phones with pre-programmed emergency contacts; carry cell-phones with pre-programmed emergency contacts; have parking spaces which do not identify the name or title of the judge (instead, use the label restricted/reserved and number the space); have parking spaces which do not identify the name or title of the judge (instead, use the label restricted/reserved and number the space); Judges should: Judges should: carry cell-phones with pre-programmed emergency contacts; carry cell-phones with pre-programmed emergency contacts; have parking spaces which do not identify the name or title of the judge (instead, use the label restricted/reserved and number the space); have parking spaces which do not identify the name or title of the judge (instead, use the label restricted/reserved and number the space);

37 Courtroom precautions should include: Courtroom precautions should include: courtrooms locked when not in session; courtrooms locked when not in session; the removal or securing of all weapons of opportunity such as: fire extinguishers, water glasses, scissors, heavy nameplates, spikes on flagpoles, and chairs can be cabled together if necessary. the removal or securing of all weapons of opportunity such as: fire extinguishers, water glasses, scissors, heavy nameplates, spikes on flagpoles, and chairs can be cabled together if necessary. placing weapons used as court exhibits under the guard of the bailiff when not in use by counsel; placing weapons used as court exhibits under the guard of the bailiff when not in use by counsel; Courtroom precautions should include: Courtroom precautions should include: courtrooms locked when not in session; courtrooms locked when not in session; the removal or securing of all weapons of opportunity such as: fire extinguishers, water glasses, scissors, heavy nameplates, spikes on flagpoles, and chairs can be cabled together if necessary. the removal or securing of all weapons of opportunity such as: fire extinguishers, water glasses, scissors, heavy nameplates, spikes on flagpoles, and chairs can be cabled together if necessary. placing weapons used as court exhibits under the guard of the bailiff when not in use by counsel; placing weapons used as court exhibits under the guard of the bailiff when not in use by counsel;

38 the bailiff securing weapons with gun locks; the bailiff securing weapons with gun locks; moving furniture into defensive positions (place the defendant away from the jury and courtroom staff but next to a security officer); moving furniture into defensive positions (place the defendant away from the jury and courtroom staff but next to a security officer); the placement of a plain-clothes police officer among the spectators during high-risk trials. the placement of a plain-clothes police officer among the spectators during high-risk trials.

39 Tips cont. Staff should be trained and rehearsed: Staff should be trained and rehearsed: all aspects of a comprehensive security program; all aspects of a comprehensive security program; security & safety plans; who checks for staff security & safety plans; who checks for staff emergency & crisis situations: emergency & crisis situations: who has phone numbers who has phone numbers an emergency notification system. an emergency notification system. Staff should be trained and rehearsed: Staff should be trained and rehearsed: all aspects of a comprehensive security program; all aspects of a comprehensive security program; security & safety plans; who checks for staff security & safety plans; who checks for staff emergency & crisis situations: emergency & crisis situations: who has phone numbers who has phone numbers an emergency notification system. an emergency notification system.

40 Buddy court for emergencies Buddy court for emergencies Prisoners: Prisoners: Restrained whenever the jury is not present; Restrained whenever the jury is not present; Separate circulation pattern from staff and public Separate circulation pattern from staff and public Publicize contact number for victims to be escorted to and from court Publicize contact number for victims to be escorted to and from court Victim safety rooms Victim safety rooms Special processes for protective orders Special processes for protective orders Buddy court for emergencies Buddy court for emergencies Prisoners: Prisoners: Restrained whenever the jury is not present; Restrained whenever the jury is not present; Separate circulation pattern from staff and public Separate circulation pattern from staff and public Publicize contact number for victims to be escorted to and from court Publicize contact number for victims to be escorted to and from court Victim safety rooms Victim safety rooms Special processes for protective orders Special processes for protective orders

41 A single courthouse entrance A single courthouse entrance staffed security screened by walk- through metal detectors (all entrances should be screened). staffed security screened by walk- through metal detectors (all entrances should be screened). X-ray screening of all items (including mail) brought into the courthouse. X-ray screening of all items (including mail) brought into the courthouse. Judges chambers secured from public access. Judges chambers secured from public access. Panic buttons that signal an alarm system to activate – does not have to bring law enforcement. Panic buttons that signal an alarm system to activate – does not have to bring law enforcement. A single courthouse entrance A single courthouse entrance staffed security screened by walk- through metal detectors (all entrances should be screened). staffed security screened by walk- through metal detectors (all entrances should be screened). X-ray screening of all items (including mail) brought into the courthouse. X-ray screening of all items (including mail) brought into the courthouse. Judges chambers secured from public access. Judges chambers secured from public access. Panic buttons that signal an alarm system to activate – does not have to bring law enforcement. Panic buttons that signal an alarm system to activate – does not have to bring law enforcement.

42 Employees outfitted with picture ID badges. Employees outfitted with picture ID badges. Monitored closed circuit television cameras within and outside the courthouse. Monitored closed circuit television cameras within and outside the courthouse. Exits should be alarmed. Exits should be alarmed. Develop a court security committee who regularly reviews the security program and improves on the issues. Develop a court security committee who regularly reviews the security program and improves on the issues. Employees outfitted with picture ID badges. Employees outfitted with picture ID badges. Monitored closed circuit television cameras within and outside the courthouse. Monitored closed circuit television cameras within and outside the courthouse. Exits should be alarmed. Exits should be alarmed. Develop a court security committee who regularly reviews the security program and improves on the issues. Develop a court security committee who regularly reviews the security program and improves on the issues.

43 Glendale City Courts Virtual Tour of the Protective Order Process This tour is made available on the City of Glendales website. This tour is made available on the City of Glendales website. The tour: informs the public of the courts safety precautions, promotes victims awareness of security features, and aids victims in the protective order process. The tour: informs the public of the courts safety precautions, promotes victims awareness of security features, and aids victims in the protective order process. http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm This tour is made available on the City of Glendales website. This tour is made available on the City of Glendales website. The tour: informs the public of the courts safety precautions, promotes victims awareness of security features, and aids victims in the protective order process. The tour: informs the public of the courts safety precautions, promotes victims awareness of security features, and aids victims in the protective order process. http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm http://www.glendaleaz.com/court/ Tour. cfm

44 Click here for a list of things you should know about Protective Orders. Read the "Breaking the Cycle" brochure. For English, click here For Spanish, click here

45 http://www.glendaleaz.com/court Court Websites with Information in Multiple Languages

46 Victims Rights Education Project The Victims Rights Education Project is sponsored by the National Victims Constitutional Amendment Network (NVCAN). The Victims Rights Education Project is sponsored by the National Victims Constitutional Amendment Network (NVCAN). They have created a Victims Rights Education Toolkit which contains a wide range of current resources about victims rights. They have created a Victims Rights Education Toolkit which contains a wide range of current resources about victims rights. http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm The Victims Rights Education Project is sponsored by the National Victims Constitutional Amendment Network (NVCAN). The Victims Rights Education Project is sponsored by the National Victims Constitutional Amendment Network (NVCAN). They have created a Victims Rights Education Toolkit which contains a wide range of current resources about victims rights. They have created a Victims Rights Education Toolkit which contains a wide range of current resources about victims rights. http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm http://www.nvcan.org/vrep/vrep.htm

47 The Tools include: An Introduction and OverviewAn Introduction and Overview The Creating a Victims Rights Public Education Strategy GuidebookThe Creating a Victims Rights Public Education Strategy Guidebook A Crime Victims Rights Miranda CardA Crime Victims Rights Miranda Card The Victims Rights HandbookThe Victims Rights Handbook A Victims Rights Brochure KitA Victims Rights Brochure Kit A Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) KitA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Kit A Talking Points KitA Talking Points Kit Promising Practices in the Compliance and Enforcement of Victims Rights KitPromising Practices in the Compliance and Enforcement of Victims Rights Kit

48 Battered Womens Justice Project http://www.bwjp.org/menu.htm The Battered Womens Justice Project (BWJP) is a collaboration of three nationally-recognized organizations: the Criminal Justice Office (coordinated by the Minnesota Program Development, Inc.), the Civil Justice Office (coordinated by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence), and the Defense Office (coordinated by the National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women). http://www.bwjp.org/menu.htm The Battered Womens Justice Project (BWJP) is a collaboration of three nationally-recognized organizations: the Criminal Justice Office (coordinated by the Minnesota Program Development, Inc.), the Civil Justice Office (coordinated by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence), and the Defense Office (coordinated by the National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women).

49 Domestic Violence Institute Questionnaires Lethality Scale http://www.dviworld.org/lethality%20scale.html Battered Womens Survey http://www.dviworld.org/battered%20women.html Physical Abuse Checklist http://www.dviworld.org/physical%20abuse.html Physical Injury Checklist http://www.dviworld.org/physical%20injury.html Psychological Abuse http://www.dviworld.org/psychological.html Sexual Abuse http://www.dviworld.org/sexual%20abuse.html Stalking http://www.dviworld.org/stalking.html Lethality Scale http://www.dviworld.org/lethality%20scale.html Battered Womens Survey http://www.dviworld.org/battered%20women.html Physical Abuse Checklist http://www.dviworld.org/physical%20abuse.html Physical Injury Checklist http://www.dviworld.org/physical%20injury.html Psychological Abuse http://www.dviworld.org/psychological.html Sexual Abuse http://www.dviworld.org/sexual%20abuse.html Stalking http://www.dviworld.org/stalking.html

50 Links to Resource Materials on Violence American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ Facts about the commission. Domestic violence resources & information about legal research, analysis, and teaching domestic violence law. ASISTA http://www.asistaonline.org/Judges.asp ASISTA provides technical assistance in battered immigrant cases. This is a direct link to the Judges page and the Immigration Bench Book for Juvenile and Family Court Judge, 2005. American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence http://www.abanet.org/domviol/ Facts about the commission. Domestic violence resources & information about legal research, analysis, and teaching domestic violence law. ASISTA http://www.asistaonline.org/Judges.asp ASISTA provides technical assistance in battered immigrant cases. This is a direct link to the Judges page and the Immigration Bench Book for Juvenile and Family Court Judge, 2005.

51 Links continued Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov Health statistics and topics, including domestic violence. Domestic Violence Project of Silicon Valley California http://www.growing.com/nonviolent Project information, resources for victims (including a victims handbook), and maintains the largest set of indexed violence research links. Faith Trust Institute http://www.faithtrustinstitute.org Provides resources for religious leaders, secular organizations, and their communities. The site addresses the religious issues associated with sexual and domestic violence. Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse http://www.mincava.umn.edu Electronic clearinghouse providing education, research, and access to resources on the web that deal with the topics of violence. National Center for State Courts http://www.ncsconline.org/famviol/index.html The Center for Family Violence and the Courts includes links to the Family Violence Forum newsletter, the recent report on elder abuse and courts working groups, resources and training opportunities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov Health statistics and topics, including domestic violence. Domestic Violence Project of Silicon Valley California http://www.growing.com/nonviolent Project information, resources for victims (including a victims handbook), and maintains the largest set of indexed violence research links. Faith Trust Institute http://www.faithtrustinstitute.org Provides resources for religious leaders, secular organizations, and their communities. The site addresses the religious issues associated with sexual and domestic violence. Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse http://www.mincava.umn.edu Electronic clearinghouse providing education, research, and access to resources on the web that deal with the topics of violence. National Center for State Courts http://www.ncsconline.org/famviol/index.html The Center for Family Violence and the Courts includes links to the Family Violence Forum newsletter, the recent report on elder abuse and courts working groups, resources and training opportunities.

52 Links continued National Clearinghouse on Abuse Later in Life http://www.ncall.us Resources on program development, policy & technical assistance, and training. National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) http://www.ncjfcj.org Provides news, publications, resources, national conferences, and technical assistance. Office of Victims of Crime (OVC) www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/ Information on grants & funding, including the Crime Victims Fund. Access publications, resource directories, and training & technical assistance center. Office of Violence Against Women http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw Information on grant programs & funding, policies & services, updates on special initiatives, current fact sheets, publications, and a directory of federal resources. National Clearinghouse on Abuse Later in Life http://www.ncall.us Resources on program development, policy & technical assistance, and training. National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) http://www.ncjfcj.org Provides news, publications, resources, national conferences, and technical assistance. Office of Victims of Crime (OVC) www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/ Information on grants & funding, including the Crime Victims Fund. Access publications, resource directories, and training & technical assistance center. Office of Violence Against Women http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw Information on grant programs & funding, policies & services, updates on special initiatives, current fact sheets, publications, and a directory of federal resources.

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